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Biotechnology for Sustainability by Subhash Bhore, K. Marimuthu and M. Ravichandran [E - HTML preview

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Part Used

Medicinal uses

Tribe Reference

Acanthaceae

1

Adhatoda zeylanica Medicus

Adathodai

Leaves

Asthma, Cold, fever

PL

e

Adhatoda zeylanica Medicus

Auduthoda

Root, bark,

Cough, asthma ,eye pain

IR

g

flowers

2

Andrographis lineata Wallich ex

Siriyanangai

Leaves

Cough, diabetes, scorpion and

PL

e

Nees

snake bite

3

Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.)

Periyanangai or

Leaves

Scorpion sting

PL

e

Wall. ex Nees

Nilavembu

and snakebites, menorrhagia

4

Asystasia gangetica

Valukai keerai

Leaves

Appetite

PL

e

5

Blepharis maderaspatensis (L.) Roth.

Vettukaaya pachilai Leaves

Fractured bones, Cuts

PL

e

6

Phlebophyllus kunthianum Nees

Kurinji chedi

Leaves

Nervous disorder

PL

e

Alangiaceae

7

Alangium salvifolium (L.f.) Wangerin

Alinji

Fruit

Eye infections

PL

e

Amaranthaceae

8

Achyaranthes aspera L.

Uthrunk

Leaves

Cuts, wounds and sores

KO

b

Achyranthes aspea L.

Cherukadalai

Whole Plant Sprain ached in the Joints

KT

b

Achyranthes aspera L

Nayuruvi

Leaves

Diverticulosis & Diverticulitis

KU

i

Achyranthes aspera L.

Nayurvi Geeda

Whole Plant Ease child birth and labour

KU

b

pain

Achyranthes aspera L.

leaves

New born babies, lactation

IR

g

9

Achyranthes bidentata

Blume, Kithoop

Leaves

Rapid healing of wounds

KU

i

10

Achyranthus bidentata Blume

Naiyur

Leaves

Skin disorders including sca-

KO

a

bies

11

Aerva lanata (L.) Juss.ex Schult

Kannupila & Pan-

leaves

New born babies, lactation

IR

g

Celosia argentea L.

naipoo

12

Alternanthera sessilis (L.)

Nilakirai

Leaves

Diarrhoea

KU

i

Alternanthera sessilis (L.)

Nilakirai

Leaves

Roughage

KU

i

13

Amaranthus gangeticus L.

Mulai keerai

Whole plant Good digestion,Constipation,

KU

i

ISBN: 978-967-14475-3-6; eISBN: 978-967-14475-2-9 19

Biotech Sustainability (2017)

Traditional Medicine of the Tribes in Tamil Nadu… Gurusamy et al.

Table 1: Continued…

Anacardiaceae

14

Anacardium occidentale

Bark, Fruit

Fever, warts

IR,

c

latex

PA

15

Mangifera indica

Maavae pattae

Bark

Stomach pain

IR,

c

PA

16

Spondias pinnata

Kattu Maa

Bark

Acute diarrhoea

IR,

c

PA

Annonaceae

17

Annona squanmosa L .

Seetha mara

Seeds

Vermifuge

PA

b

Apiaceae

18

Centella asiatica (L) Urban

Vallarai

Whole Plant Refrigerant

TH

b

Centella asiatica (L) Urban

Gottala

Whole Plant Toothache

KT

b

Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban.

Kidth Kot

Leaves

Stomach problems Cools the

KO

a

body

19

Coriandrum sativum Linn.

Kothumull

Leaves

Refrigerant and diuretic

KO

a

Aplaceae

20

Buplerum wightii P.K. Mukherjee,

Malai seragam

Root

Easy delivery

IR-S

d

21

Centella asiatica (L) Urban,

Kutheraikokku

Leaves

Digestive agent, blood circula-

IR-S

d

tion

22

Heracleum ceylanicum Gardner ex C.B.

Poonaikal sedi

Leaves

Insect allergy

IR-S

d

Clarke

Apocymeeae

23

Rauvolfia serpentine (L.) Benth. ex Kurz Chivanamelpodi

Root

Stomachache

KT

f

24

Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br.

Paalooram pattai

Stem

Lactation

PL

e

Araceae

25

Acorus calamus L.

Vasambu

Rhizome

Speech

PL

e

26

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott

Kattu shembu

Tuber

Worms

KT

f

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott.

Chembu

Leaves &

Small red colour boils appear-

KU

h

Rhizome

ing on the skin

Arecaceae

ISBN: 978-967-14475-3-6; eISBN: 978-967-14475-2-9 20

Biotech Sustainability (2017)

Traditional Medicine of the Tribes in Tamil Nadu… Gurusamy et al.

Table 1: Continued…

27

Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb.

Injai

Stem

Easy Delivery

IR

g

Aristolochiaceae

28

Aristolochia indica L.

Perumanthikodi

Root

Fever

IR

g

29

Aristolochia tagala Cham.

Modhalaikodi.

Leaves

Diarrhea and vomiting

IR-S

d

Asclepiadaceae

30

Ceropegia candelabrum L.

Perun kodi

Leaves

Headache

PL

e

31

Cryptolepis buchananii Roem &

Paalkodi/Karunkodi Latex

Wound

PL

e

Schul

32

Gymnema hirsutum W&A

Sakarasedi

Leaves

Diabetes

KU

i

33

Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R. Br. Ex

Sirukurinjan

Leaves

Diabetes and nervous disorder

PL

e

Gymnema sylvestre R.Br.

Sirukurinjan & ha-

Leaves

Diabetes

IR

g

karikolli

34

Hemidesmus indicus H.f.

Nannari

Whole

Fever, menorrhagia, stomach-

PL

e

Plant, Root, ache

leaves

35

Holostemma ada-kodien Schult.

Ada kizhangu

Tuber

Fever

KT

f

36

Pergularia daemia (Fors.) Chio

Veli parutthi

Leaves

Headache

PL

e

37

Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merr.

Nangilai

Leaves,

Snakebite

PL

e

Root

Asparagaceae

38

Asparagus racemosus Willd.

Ammaikodi

Tuber

Stomachache

KT

f

Asteraceae

39

Adenostemma lavenia (L.) Kuntze

Kasirukai

Leaves

Skin diseases

IR-S

d

40

Ageratum conyzoides L.

Nasar soppu

Leaves

Cough and cold

KU

b

Ageratum conyzoides Linn.

Pugudu thalai

Leaves

Wound

KO

a

41

Artemisia nilagarica (C. B Clarke)

Manikoland

Leaves &

Removing worms from

KU

i

Pamp.

stem

wounds both in humans and

animals

42

Artemisia parviflora Buch – ham. Ex

Railpundu

Leaves

Headache

IR-S

d

Roxb.

43

Bidens pilosa L.

Katu kunni

Leaves

White patches on the legs

KU

h

ISBN: 978-967-14475-3-6; eISBN: 978-967-14475-2-9 21

Biotech Sustainability (2017)

Traditional Medicine of the Tribes in Tamil Nadu… Gurusamy et al.

Table 1: Continued…

44

Blumea lacera (Burm.f.) DC.

Navakkarandai

Leaves

Improving vision

KT

f

45

Chromolaena odorata (L.) King & Rob-

Vettukkaya pacha

Leaves

Cuts and wounds

KT

f

ins.

46

Elephantopus scaber L.

Anashovadi

Root

Stomach ache

KT

f

47

Siegesbeckia orientalis Linn .

Potaz

Leaves

Skin rashes, insect bites and

KO

a

allergies

Sigesbeckia orientalis L.

Nadukadachi

Leaves

Wounds and parasitic skin

KU

h

problems

48

Sonchus oleraceus L.

Kaalaadi pachilai

Leaves

Wound

PL

e

49

Tridax procumbens L.

Vettukayapoondu

leaves

Wounds to stop bleeding

IR

g

Tridax procumbens L.

Vettukkaya thalai

Leaves

Sores

KT

f

Balanophoraceae

50

Balanophora fungosa Fors and Fors.

Vaer chedi

Whole Plant Skin disease

PL

e

Berberidaceae

51

Mahonia leschenaultii (Wight &

Mullu kadambu

Bark

Skin disease

PL

e

Arn.) Tak. ex Gamble

52

Berberis tinctoria Lesch

Jakkala

Leaves &

Dysentery, Bloating of stom-

KU

i

stem

ach

Bignoniaceae

53

Radermackera xylocarpa (Roxb.) K.

Vadencarni

Stem

Fever

KT

f

Schum.

Bischofiaceae

54

Bischofia javanica Blume .

Romaviruksha patta Bark

Nervous disorder, hair growth

PL

e

Boraginaceae

55

Carmona retusa (Vahl) Masam.

Kurangu vetthilai

Leaves

Fertility

PL

e

56

Nasturtium indicum (L.) DC.

Kadge

Root Por-

Ear diseases

KU

i

tion

57

Trichodesma zeylanica R.Br

Jalke maram

Root

Round patches appearing on

KU

h

the skin

Burseraceae

58

Boswellia serrata Roxb. Ex Colebr.

Kungiliyam

Resin

Cold

PL

e

ISBN: 978-967-14475-3-6; eISBN: 978-967-14475-2-9 22

Biotech Sustainability (2017)

Traditional Medicine of the Tribes in Tamil Nadu… Gurusamy et al.

Table 1: Continued…

Caesalpiniacea

59

Caesalipinia bonduc (L) Roxb.

Porumaielai

Root, seeds

Gastric disorders Increase

IR-S

d