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Word Press for Beginners: Easy as 1-2-3 by Nico Julius - HTML preview

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Introduction

What is WordPress?

With WordPress you can easily create and maintain a blog or a website.

WordPress.com vs WordPress.org

There are 2 versions of WordPress, WordPress.com and WordPress.org.

WordPress.com is very easy to start with. Just go to WordPress.com, sign up and start blogging. The basic version is free, but it will show adds to your visitors. You have to pay to remove the adds and to use your own domain name.

WordPress.org is the selfhosted version. This means you have to download the software and install it on your own web hosting / server. This might be a little bit more work but you’ll also have much more possibilities: there are a lot more plugins available and you can choose or create your own themes.

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to use the selfhosted version of WordPress (= WordPress.org).

Why choose WordPress?

• open source software

• easy to use

• flexible

• used worldwide

• constantly in development

Open source software

WordPress is open source software. This means that you don’t have to pay for a license or you don’t have to pay to use it.

Easy to use

WordPress is easy to use. Not only it’s simple to install and to configure, you also don’t need any technical knowledge to create and maintain the content.

Flexible

Because WordPress is a flexible platform, it’s easy to suit your needs. The standard configuration contains the basics, but you also can extend WordPress with a lot of interesting and powerful plugins.

Used worldwide

WordPress is used worldwide; thousands of blogs and websites run on the WordPress platform. Depending on the source, it’s reported that 8 to 12% of the websites worldwide are running on WordPress!!

Constantly in development

A lot of developers work together to constantly make WordPress better.

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Installation

Preparation

Before starting to install WordPress, you need a couple of things:

• A domain name and web hosting

• WordPress software

A domain name and web hosting

The first step is choosing a domain name (for example www.mydomain.com) and web hosting. There are a lot of sorts of web hosting. In most cases the registration of the domain name is included with the web hosting. If you’re just starting with WordPress, then I advise you to go for cheap shared web hosting. At any time, you’ll be able to move your blog to another web host if you need more power. Examples of companies offering shared hosting are: Bluehost, Dreamhost and Hostgator.

Of course, there are MUCH more web hosting companies, so feel free to choose your own.

If you’re building a professional blog or website for a lot of visitors that has to be fast, then I advise you to take a look at managed WordPress hosting like WPEngine, Page.Ly or ZippyKid.

For more information, reviews and speed tests of web hosting, please check my blog wpbrix.com/hosting/

WordPress software

You can download WordPress for free at www.wordpress.org.

Step by step installation

WordPress is famous for its “5 minutes installation” (sounds great, isn’t it?) Step 1: Upload the WordPress software

After you downloaded WordPress and unpacked the zip file, you have to upload WordPress through FTP to your web hosting. Normally you don’t have to create an extra folder, unless you want WordPress to be installed in a subfolder.

Step 2: Start the installation

In your web browser, visit the url where you installed WordPress. In most cases this will be something like http://

www.yourdomain.com.

Step 3: Create a configuration file

In this screen you’ll see next message:

Click the “Create a Configuration File” button.

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It’s possible that WordPress can’t create the configuration file. When you experience this problem, search for wp-config-sample.php on your web space. Just make a copy of wp-config-sample.php and rename it to wp-config.php. Now try again.

Step 4: Welcome message

The next screen is a welcome message. It also reminds you to the fact that you need all the information you got from your web host.

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Step 5: Fill In The Database Connection Details

In the following screen you need to fill in the database connection details: The following fields have to be filled in:

• Database Name: the name of your database

• User name: the MySQL username

• Password: the MySQL password

• Database Host: by default this is localhost (only change this if you have anoter database server from your web host)

• Table Prefix: by default this is “wp_” but for security reasons it’s better to fill in another table prefix.

Click the “Submit”-button to proceed.

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If you see this screen, your database connection details are ok: Click the “Run the install” button to start the installation of WordPress Step 6: fill in the basic information

In the following screen you have to fill in some basic information WordPress for Beginners, Easy as 1-2-3 by WPBrix.com & WordPressNinja.com (FREE beta edition) 9

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• Site title: fill in the title of your blog or website.

• Username: choose a username. By default “admin” is filled in but for security reasons I advise you to choose another username. This makes it harder for hackers to guess your administrator username.

• Password, twice: fill in a password. For security reasons, pick a strong password that’s not easy to guess!!

• Your E-mail: fill in a valid e-mail.

• Allow my site to appear in search engines like Google and Technorati: select this so your website can be found and indexed by search engines.

Click the “Install WordPress” button after you filled in the needed information.

Step 7: installation completed

That’s it!

Click the “Log In” button to get access to the back office where you can manage WordPress.

Web host with a pre-installed version of WordPress

As you can see, installing WordPress is very easy. But there are some companies offering web hosting with a WordPress 1-click-installation. This makes it even easier to install WordPress!

Another option is managed WordPress hosting. In this case, WordPress will already be installed, together with a selection of plugins. Examples of companies offering managed WordPress hosting are WPEngine, Page.Ly and ZippyKid.

More information

Check out the WordPress Codex for more information about the installation of WordPress:

codex.wordpress.org

If you have a question or if you need help, check out the Offictial WordPress forum:

wordpress.org/support/

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Getting to know the dasbhoard

Front end / back end

Front end

The front end is the part of your blog or website your visitors can see.

Back end

The Back end is the part where you can log in and manage your blog. This is the CMS (Content Management System) part.

Here you can add, edit and delete content. It’s also the place to fully configure your blog.

Log in (to get access to the back end)

You have to log in to get access to the back end (the part where you can manage your blog).

You can log in through http://www.yourdomain.com/wp-login.php. Now you’ll see the following screen: Here you have to fill in your username and your password. Click the “Log in” button. After you logged in, you’ll see the back end of your blog:

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The upper part is a welcome message helping you to start with WordPress. To remove this message from the dashboard, click the “Dismiss” link right above or the “Dismiss this message” link on the bottom.

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Configuring WordPress (Settings)

General Settings

You can find the general settings through “Settings” > “General” in the left menu. In this screen you can configure the basics of your site setup.

• Site Title: here you can fill in the title of your site / blog.

• Tagline: in a few words, explain what your site / blog is about.

• WordPress address (url): here you find the url of your site / blog. Be careful when you change this!

• Site address: for regular installations, you can leave this field blank.

• E-mail address: this address is used for admin purposes, like new user notification.

• Membership: can everyone register to your site / blog?

• New User Default Role: what’s the role of new users (IF they can register)? Select “Subscriber” here. Users with more experience can also select another default role here.

• Timezone: select your timezone.

• Date Format: select a date format.

• Time Format: select a time format.

• Week starts on: select the first day of the week.

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Writing Settings

You’ll find the “Writing Settings” page through “Settings” > “Writing” in the left menu For now, only 2 settings are important:

• Default Post Category: here you can choose the default post category. But you’ll first need to create other categories (you’ll learn this later in this tutorial).

• XML-RPC: check this option to update your blog / site from mobile devices (smartphone, tablet,...).

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Reading Settings

Select “Settings” > “Reading” in the left menu:

An interesting option here is “Front page displays”. Here you can choose what will be shown on your front page. If you want to use WordPress as a website, select “a static page” and pick a page to act as your frontpage. And just like the front page, you can also select another posts page.

Don’t forget, these pages have to be existing pages, so you have to create them before you can select them.

Discussion Settings

You’ll find the Discussions Settings page through “Settings” > “Discussion” in the left menu. On this page you’ll retrieve the settings for several options. Let’s take a look!

This part is important for bloggers. If you’re planning to use WordPress as a CMS, this part is less important.

Default Article Settings

• Attempt to notify any blogs linked to from the article: if you publish an article with links to other blogs in it, your blog will try to notify those other blogs to “tell” them you linked to them (and you published an article). This will result in a automatic comment on that blog (only when you checked this option).

• Allow link notifications from other blogs: when other blogs link to you and they notify you, they’ll place an automatic comment. Uncheck this setting to not publish these comments (I always uncheck these setting).

• Allow people to post comments on new articles: give your visitors the possibility to write a comment under your article.

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Other Comment Settings

• Comment author must fill in name and e-mail: when someone leaves a comment, he or she must fill in a name and email address.

• Users must be registered and logged in to comment: if you check this option, readers first have to log in before they can place a comment. For most blogs, it’s better not to check this option.

• Automatically close comments on articles older then XX days: when you check this option, your visitors will not be able to place comments after XX days. If you check this option, be sure to leave enough time for your readers to place a comment. 14 days is way to short. On my blog, I have topics of over 6 months old, and still a lot of readers are placing comments!

• Enable threaded (nested) comments X levels deep: checking this option makes it easier to read comments on other comments. So be sure to check this option, the default of 5 levels should be enough.

• Break comments into pages with XX top level comments per page and the last page displayed by default: this could be interesting if you have a VERY popular blog with a lot of comments. This means that WordPress will split articles with more then XX top level comments in multiple pages.

• Comments should be displayed with the older / newer comments at the top of the page: here you can select older /

newer to choose how to sort your comments. Note that most bloggers choose to display the newer comments on top.

E-mail me whenever

• Anyone posts a comment: when checked, you’ll receive an e-mail when someone places a new comment.

• A comment is held for moderation: if checked, you’ll receive an e-mail when someone places a new comment that’s held for moderation.

I advise you to check these both because if you have a lot of articles. This is the easiest way to follow up the (new) comments.

Before a comment appears

• An administrator must always approve the comment: when someone places a new comment, an administrator always has to approve this comment.

• Comment author must have a previously approved comment: when someone places a first comment, you’ll have to approve this comment. After that, comments of that user will show up without any approvel.

• Comment moderation: Hold a comment in the queue if it contains a certain amount of links (defined by you). You also have a field where you can fill in words. Fill in one word per line. When a comment contains those words, it will be held in the moderation queue.

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• Comment blacklist: In this field you can fill in words. Fill in one word or ip per line. When a comment contains those words, it will be marked as spam.

• Avatars: An avatar is an image that follows you from weblog to weblog appearing beside your name when you comment on avatar enabled sites. Here you can enable the display of avatars for people who comment on your site.

Media Settings

You’ll find the Media Settings page through “Settings” > “Media” in the left menu. Here you can configure some default settings for media (especially images) you upload. For most of you, the basic settings are just fine.

Privacy

You’ll find the Privacy Settings page through “Settings” > “Media” in the left menu. Unless you don’t want your blog to show up in search engine search results, you select the first option: Permalinks

You’ll find the Permalinks Settings page through “Settings” > “Permalinks” in the left menu. Here you can choose how the url of your blog or website will look like.

I advise you to change this because this is important for Search Engine Optimization (SEO).

Out of the box WordPress generates urls like:

http://www.mysite.com/?p=123

If you turn on Permalinks, it’s possible to generate urls like this:

http://www.mysite.com/about-us/

As you can see, in the url of the second example we can read what the page is about. This is also very important for search engines because they also index page urls. Words in the page url are considered as important, which is good for SEO.

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Which one to choose? The general rule is, if you’re writing evergreen content then choose the option “Post name”.

Otherwise it’s better to choose for “Day and name” or “Month and name”. For example for my blog WordPressNinja.Com I chose “Month and name”.

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The Basics Of WordPress

The WYSIWYG editor

The WYSIWYG editor is used to edit the content of pages and posts. It’s based on MS Word to keep things as simple as possible.

Function overview

Button

Function

put selected text in bold

put selected text in italic

strike selected text

create unordered list

create ordered list

put selected text as a quote

align left

align centre

align right

insert hyperlink

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Button

Function

remove hyperlink

insert the “more” tag

spell checker

WYSIWYG-editor in full screen

show / hide the kitchen sink (show more / less buttons)

format the selected text / paragraph

undeline selected text

align full

select text color

paste copied text from another application as plain text (text without formatting) paste copied text from Word

remove formatting from the selected text

insert a custom character

outdent selected paragraph

indent selected paragraph

undo

redo

help function

insert media

Hyperlinks

How To Insert a Hyperlink?

• Select the text you want to turn into a hyperlink

• In the menu, click on the

-button (Insert / edit link)

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• The following popup appears:

• If you want to link to an external page:

• Fill in the full url (including “http://”) of that page in the field “URL”.

• Enter a short description in the “Title” field.

• Select “Open link in a new window/tab” so the page will open in a new window / tab.

• Click the “Add link” button.

• If you want to link to an internal page (within your site or blog) that already exists:

• Click on “Or link to existing content”.

• In the “Search” field you can enter a part of the title of the post or page you’re looking for.

• Select a post or page in the list.

• Only select “Open link in a new window/tab” if you really want that the page / post opens in a new window or tab, but it’s better not to do that if you link to an internal page.

• Click the “Add link” button.

How to edit a hyperlink?

• Select the text of which you already created a hyperlink (you don’t need to select the whole text, it’s ok to just click on it once).

• Click on the

-button in the menu (Insert / edit link).

• Do the changes you need.

• Click on the “Update” button.

How to remove a hyperlink?

• Select the text of which you already created a hyperlink (you don’t need to select the whole text, it’s ok to just click on it once).

• Click the

-button (Unlink).

Images

How to insert an image?

Just above the WYSIWYG editor you’ll find a button to insert an image: If you click on this button, the following window appears:

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There are 3 ways to insert an image:

• From Computer: upload an image from your computer

• From URL: use an image on the internet

• Media Library: insert an image you already uploaded to your media library It’s better not to use the option “From URL”. With this option, you use an image from elsewhere on the internet. Imagine you select an image from another website, and suddenly that image is removed by the webmaster. Then that image will not be visible anymore on your site too. And second, it’s not because it’s easy to use an image from another website, that you also have the right to use it on your blog or website!

Insert an image: From computer

• Click the “Add media” button on top of the WYSIWYG-editor.

• Click the “Select files” button.

• Select an image from your computer.

• Once uploaded, you can edit the image, just click the “Edit image” button. Here you can scale or crop the image.

• In the “Title” field you can change the title if needed, also don’t forget to add a little description in the “Alternate Text” field.

• Choose the alignment (none, left, center or right).

• Select the size.

• Click the “Insert into Post”-button to insert the image.

Once you inserted an image, that image is also uploaded to your media library.

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Insert an image: Media Library

• Click the “Add media” button on top of the WYSIWYG-editor.

• Select the “Media Library” tab.

• Click the “Show” link on the right of the image you want to insert.

• If you want to, you can edit the image, just click the “Edit image” button. Here you can scale or crop the image.

• In the “Title” field you can change the title if needed, also don’t forget a little description in the “Alternate Text” field.

• Choose the alignment (none, left, center, right).

• Select the size.

• Click the “Insert into Post”-button to insert the image.

How to edit an image?

• To edit an image you inserted in a post or page, click on the image.

• 2 buttons appear, click on the left button (“Edit Image”):

• Make the changes.

• Click the “Update” button to save your changes.

How to delete an image?

• To delete an image you inserted in a post or page, click on the image

• 2 buttons appear, click on the right button (“Delete Image”):

• The selected image is removed from your screen, but is still available in your Media Library Media

You can insert / edit / delete media (a Word document, an Excel sheet, a PDF,...) the same way as you do for images. The only difference is that a hyperlink to the file is inserted. The inserted media also appears in your Media Library.

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Pages

Usage

In most cases, pages are used for static content / general information. For example an “about us” page.

Only editors and administrators can add and edit pages.

Overview

Click on “Pages” in the left menu to get an overview of all pages: How to add a new page

Select “Pages” > “Add new” in the left menu. You’ll see the following screen: WordPress for Beginners, Easy as 1-2-3 by WPBrix.com & WordPressNinja.com (FREE beta edition) 24

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Let’s take a look at all the fields on this screen.

Page Title:

On top of this screen, you can choose your page title. It’s always possible to change this later.

If you don’t use custom menus, then this title will also be used in the menu. In that case, you have to keep the title of the page short.

Under the page title, the Permalink (or URL) of the page appears after you filled in your page title. You can always change this permalink by clicking the “Edit” button on the right of the permalink. Now you can fill in your own URL: Click the “OK” button to confirm this change.

Adding content

The part under the title is the place where you can insert the content trough the WYSIWYG-editor: WordPress for Beginners, Easy as 1-2-3 by WPBrix.com & WordPressNinja.com (FREE beta edition) 25

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To find out how this WYSIWYG editor works, please read the part “The WYSIWYG editor” in the beginning of this guide.

Publish

In this part you find the options to save, publish and delete your page: Let’s take a look at all the options:

• Save Draft (button): save your page without publishing it on the internet.

• Preview (button): preview your page in your browser.

• Status: select the status of your page, “draft” or “pending review”.

• Visibility: select the visibility of your page: “public”, “password protected” (visitors have to fill in a password to see the content) or “private” (only visible for logged in visitors).

• Publish: publish immediately or pick a date to publish your new page later.

• Move to Trash: move your page to the trash, but it’s still possible to restore it from the trash.

• Publish (button): click the publish button to save the page AND to publish it on the internet.

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Page attributes

In this part you find some extra options.

Let’s take a look at the available options:

• Parent: select the parent page of the current page. This is important when you don’t define your own menu, or when you use a breadcrumb plugin.

• Template: Most themes contain multiple templates. This means you can choose a (different) page layout for this page. The number of templates depends from theme to theme. Here you can select the template for this page.

• Order: fill in a number for ordering your pages. You have to use this option when you don’t define a custom menu. You

can also use the plugin PageMash in stead of the “Order” option. With PageMash you can drag and drop your pages to change the order of your pages.

Featured image

With the “Featured image” you can uplad an image that will be used with that article, depending on how it’s defined in your theme. For example, a lot of themes use this option so you can easily select a header image or a thumbnail for 1 specific page.

This is easy to use. Just click the “Set featured image” and select an image. After selecting your image, click on the “Use as featured image” hyperlink at the bottom of this screen:

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How to edit an existing page

• Go to the page overview (choose “Pages” > “All pages” in the left menu)

• Now you get an overview of all your existing pages. Put your cursor on a page title. Under that title some options will appear:

Click on “Edit”.

• The selected page will be opened to edit:

• You can change the content of the page

• You can change the options of the page

• To get the page offline, select “Status: Draft” in the “Publish” part at the right

• Click the “Update” button to save the changes

How to delete a page

To delete a page, you first have to move this page to the trash. After that, you can delete a page permanently or restore that page.

Move a page to the trash

• Go to the page overview (choose “Pages” > “All pages” in the left menu)

• Now you get an overview of all your existing pages. Put your cursor on a page title. Under that title some options will appear:

Click on “Trash”.

• The page is now moved to the trash

Restore / Delete permanently

To restore a page or to delete a page permanently, go to Trash and put your cursor on the page title of the page you want to restore or delete permanenty:

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Posts

Usage

In most cases, posts are used for blogging. But you can also use posts for a news section of your website.

Overview

Click on “Posts” in the left menu to get an overview of all posts: How to add a new post

Select “Posts” > “Add new” in the left menu. You’ll see the following screen: WordPress for Beginners, Easy as 1-2-3 by WPBrix.com & WordPressNinja.com (FREE beta edition) 30

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Let’s take a look at all the fields on this screen.

Post Title:

On top of this screen, you can choose your post title. It’s always possible to change this later.

Under the post title, the Permalink (or URL) of the post appears after you filled in your page title. You can always change this URL by clicking the “Edit” button on the right of the permalink. Now you can fill in your own URL: WordPress for Beginners, Easy as 1-2-3 by WPBrix.com & WordPressNinja.com (FREE beta edition) 31

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Click the “OK” button to confirm this change.

Adding content

The part under the title is the place where you can insert the content trough the WYSIWYG-editor: To find out how this WYSIWYG editor works, please read the part “The WYSIWYG editor” in the beginning of this guide.

Publish

In this part you find the options to save, publish and delete your post: Let’s take a look at the options:

• Save Draft (button): save your post without publishing it on the internet.

• Preview (button): preview your post in your browser.

• Status: select the status of your post, “draft” or “pending review”.

• Visibility: select the visibility of your post: “public” (with the option to stick the post on your front page), “password protected” (visitors have to fill in a password to see the content) or “private” (only visible for logged in visitors).

• Publish: publish immediately or pick a date to publish your new post.

• Move to Trash: move your post to the trash, it’s still possible to restore it from the trash.

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• Publish (button): click the publish button to save the post AND to publish it on the internet.

Format

In this part you can define the format of your post:

With this feature, a blogger can change how each post looks by choosing a Post Format from a radio-button list. The different post formats can differ from theme to theme.

Categories

Here you can select one or more categories for your post:

You’ll learn more about categories in the next part.

Tags

Here you can tag your article:

Just fill in your tag and click the “Add” button. Or you can click the “Choose from the most used tags” link to make a selection from your most used tags.

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You’ll learn about tags in the next part.

Featured image

With the “Featured image” you can uplad an image that will be used with that article, depending on how it’s defined in your theme. For example, a lot of themes use this option so you can easily select a header image for 1 specific post.

This is easy to use. Just click the “Set featured image” and select an image. After selecting your image, click on the “Use as featured image” hyperlink at the bottom of this screen:

How to edit an existing post

• Go to the post overview (choose “Posts” > “All posts” in the left menu)

• Now you get an overview of all your posts. Put your cursor on a post title and under that title some options will appear: Click on “Edit”.

• The selected post will be opened to edit:

• You can change the content of the post

• You can change the options of the post

• To get the post offline, select “Status: Draft” in the Publish part at the right

• Click the “Update” button to save the changes

How to delete a post

To delete a post, you first have to move this post to the trash. After that you can delete a post permanently or restore that post.

Move a post to the trash

• Go to the page overview (choose “Posts” > “All posts” in the left menu)

• Now you get an overview of all your posts. Put your cursor on a post title and under that title some options will appear: Click on “Trash”.

• The post is now moved to the trash

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Restore / Delete permanently

To restore a post or to delete a post permanently, go to Trash and put your cursor on the post title of the post you want to restore or delete permanenty:

Post categories

Usage

Categories provide a helpful way to group related posts together, and to quickly tell readers what a post is about.

How to create a new category

Choose “Posts” > “Categories” in the left menu. You’ll see following screen: In the left part of this screen you can add a new category, at the right part you get an overview of all existing categories. If you just installed WordPress, there is only 1 category: Uncategorized.

To add a new category fill in the following fields:

• Name: the name of your category as it will appear on your screen

• Slug: name used in the url (leave blank if you want the same slug as your category name)

• Parent: if you want to create a sub category, you can here select the parent category WordPress for Beginners, Easy as 1-2-3 by WPBrix.com & WordPressNinja.com (FREE beta edition) 35

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• Description: fill in a description of the category (optional) After you filled in all the needed fields, click the “Add New Category” button. Your new category will now appear in the right part of the screen. When adding or editing a post, the new category will also be available in the categories part.

How to define the default category

If you don’t select a category when adding a new post, the default category will be selected. To choose which category is your default category:

• Choose “Settings” > “Writing” in the left menu to open the Writing Settings screen.

• At “Default Post Category”, select the category you want to use as a default category (this has to be an existing category).

Note, you can’t delete a category that’s selected as default category.

Post tags

Usage

In general, tags are similar to categories. But they are more specific and optional.

How to create a new tag: adding a tag through the Tags screen Choose “Posts” > “Tags” in the left menu. You’ll see following screen: In the left part of this screen you can add a new tag, at the right part you get an overview of all existing tags.

To add a new tag fill in the following fields:

• Name: the name of your tag as it will appear on your screen

• Slug: name used in the url (leave blank if you want the same slug as your tag name)

• Description: fill in a description of the tag (optional)

After you filled in all the needed fields, click the “Add New Tag” button. You’re new tag will now appear in the right part of the screen.

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How to create a new tag: creating a tag in the post

For tags, it’s easier to add a tag when you’re in a post. In the Tag part of your post, fill in the name of the tag you want to add:

If the tag doesn’t exist yet, it will be created.

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Custom menus