Warsaw, Poland - 1941
Crestwood College – adapted from the Yad Vashem Archives
• A tram at the entrance to the Warsaw Ghetto – was it an “open ghetto” ?
• Why did the Nazis create ghettoes? What reasons did they give; what were the real reasons?
– To thwart the black market…
– To thwart Jewish
– To stop the spread of disease…
• What was the process for creating the ghetto? What were the various
• Why did some Polish Jews favour the ghetto?
• A German
• Who guarded
• What was the
• Jews with
armbands on a
• Why was there so
in the ghetto?
• An old man a on
a ghetto street –
why is he taking
off his hat?
• A horse-drawn cart – what types of transportation were Jews forced to use?
What does this tell you about their
women on a
• Children sitting
on a ghetto
street – who
were they? How
did the other
• Selling clothes in the market
• How did this fit into the ghetto economy?
• What were the differences between the official and clandestine economies?
• saleswomen on a ghetto street
• How are they different from the stores in the background?
• Did economic equality exist in the ghetto?
• Woman beggar in
• Why would the
owners of the
food store in the
• A Jewish beggar playing the violin in the ghetto
• A starving woman lying in the street
• A woman in the
ghetto eating some
• Waiting in line for a drink of water
• Who were these
roles did they play?
• A baby carriage filled with books for sale
• What does this photograph show about ghetto life?
• Is this a type of resistance?
• What is the boy selling? Was censorship used in the ghetto?
• A woman selling
• Why did residents
continue to have
children? What happened to birth rates over time?
• What do you notice about the urban landscape?
• Wealthier Jews on a ghetto street
• A poster advertising a nightclub
• Why did this create conflict in the ghetto?
How did the Nazis exploit this?
• A Jewish
a woman in the
• Who were these
What role(s) did
they play in the
ghetto as time
• The Hevra
Kadisha (Jewish burial society)
• A funeral in the
• Coffins and
wagons of the
• A man placing
bodies in an open
• Swans on the lake
in Chopin Park,