"Buddhism is geographically divided into two schools[FN#1]--the
Southern, the older and simpler, and the Northern, the later and more
developed faith. The former, based mainly on the Pali texts[FN#2] is
known as Hinayana[FN#3] (small vehicle), or the inferior doctrine;
while the latter, based on the various Sanskrit texts, is known as
Mahayana (large vehicle), or superior doctrine. The chief tenets of
the Southern School are so well known to occidental scholars that
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