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FM 3-93

Theater Army Operations

October 2011

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

Headquarters, Department of the Army

This publication is available at

Army Knowledge Online (www.us.army.mil) and

General Dennis J. Reimer Training and Doctrine

Digital Library at (www.train.army.mil).

FM 3-93

Field Manual

Headquarters

Department of the Army

No. 3-93

Washington, DC, 12 October 2011

Theater Army Operations

Contents

Page

PREFACE............................................................................................................viii

INTRODUCTION

....................................................................................................x

Chapter 1

THEATER ARMY ............................................................................................... 1-1

Chain of Command............................................................................................. 1-1

Joint Operational Responsibilities ...................................................................... 1-1

Service (Military Department) Responsibilities ................................................... 1-2

Army Operational Headquarters in an Area of Responsibility ............................ 1-3

Redefining Army Forces Responsibilities ........................................................... 1-4

Theater Army as the Army Service Component to a Geographic Combatant

Commander ........................................................................................................ 1-8

Theater Army Enabling Commands and Brigades ........................................... 1-10

Theater Army Commander ............................................................................... 1-15

Theater Army Headquarters Organization ....................................................... 1-16

Dependencies ................................................................................................... 1-17

Options for Forming a Joint Task Force Headquarters .................................... 1-18

Training Implications......................................................................................... 1-18

Chapter 2

THEATER ARMY CONTINGENCY COMMAND POST EMPLOYMENT ......... 2-1

Example Number 1: Operation Desert Shield .................................................... 2-1

Employent of Theater Army in Desert Shield and Similar Scenarios ................. 2-3

Example Number 2: Operation Assured Response—Liberian Noncombatant

Evacuation Operation ......................................................................................... 2-4

Employment of Theater Army in Operation Assured Response and Similar

Scenarios ............................................................................................................ 2-5

Example Number 3: Hurricanes Georges and Mitch: Disaster Relief and

Foreign Humanitarian Assistance ...................................................................... 2-6

Chapter 3

THEATER ARMY MAIN COMMAND POST ORGANIZATION ......................... 3-1

Chapter 4

THEATER ARMY CONTINGENCY COMMAND POST .................................... 4-1

Contingency Command Post Roles and Missions ............................................. 4-2

Capabilities ......................................................................................................... 4-3

Limitations .......................................................................................................... 4-4

Dependencies ..................................................................................................... 4-4

Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

i

Contents

Chapter 5

THEATER ARMY HEADQUARTERS AND HEADQUARTERS BATTALION..5-1

Chapter 6

THEATER ARMY COMMAND GROUP .............................................................6-1

Commanding General Command Group ............................................................6-1

Deputy Commanding General ............................................................................6-2

Chief of Staff .......................................................................................................6-2

Chapter 7

THEATER ARMY PERSONAL STAFF ..............................................................7-1

Internal Review Section ......................................................................................7-1

Chapter 8

THEATER ARMY SPECIAL STAFF ..................................................................8-1

Command Liaison Officer Section ......................................................................8-1

Operations Research and Systems Analysis Section.........................................8-2

Knowledge Management Section .......................................................................8-2

Inspector General Section ..................................................................................8-2

Staff Judge Advocate Section .............................................................................8-3

Public Affairs Section ..........................................................................................8-4

Chaplain Section .................................................................................................8-4

Red Team Section ..............................................................................................8-5

Chapter 9

THEATER ARMY INTELLIGENCE CELL .........................................................9-1

Intelligence Cell Headquarters Element..............................................................9-1

Intelligence Operations Section and Headquarters Element ..............................9-2

Reconnaissance and Surveillance Operations Element .....................................9-3

Signals Intelligence Element ...............................................................................9-3

Geospatial Intelligence Element .........................................................................9-4

Requirements Element .......................................................................................9-4

Staff Weather Office Element .............................................................................9-5

Intelligence Control Section ................................................................................9-5

G-2X Section and Headquarters Element ..........................................................9-6

Human Intelligence Operations Element ............................................................9-6

Counterintelligence Coordinating Authority Element ..........................................9-7

Operations Support Element ...............................................................................9-7

Intelligence Support and Foreign Disclosure Office Section and Headquarters

Element ...............................................................................................................9-7

Linguist Element ..................................................................................................9-8

Systems Administrator Element ..........................................................................9-8

Special Security Office Element ..........................................................................9-9

Chapter 10

THEATER ARMY MOVEMENT AND MANEUVER CELL...............................10-1

Movement and Maneuver Cell Headquarters Element .....................................10-2

Operations Support Section and Headquarters Element..................................10-2

G-5 Section and Headquarters Element ...........................................................10-2

Aviation Operations Element ............................................................................10-3

Space Element ..................................................................................................10-3

Current Operations and Integration Cell ...........................................................10-4

Future Operations Cell ......................................................................................10-4

Strategy and Policy Section ..............................................................................10-5

Plans Section ....................................................................................................10-5

Joint Operations Planning and Execution System Element .............................10-6

Special Technical Operations Element .............................................................10-7

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FM 3-93

12 October 2011

Contents

Training Section and Headquarters Element ................................................... 10-7

Exercise Element .............................................................................................. 10-7

Simulation Element........................................................................................... 10-8

Training Element .............................................................................................. 10-8

Force Management Section and Headquarters Element ................................. 10-9

Force Structure Element................................................................................... 10-9

Force Integration Element .............................................................................. 10-10

Readiness Element ........................................................................................ 10-10

Security Cooperation Section and Headquarters Element ............................. 10-11

Plans and Exercise Element........................................................................... 10-11

International Military Affairs Element .............................................................. 10-11

Chapter 11

THEATER ARMY FIRES CELL ....................................................................... 11-1

Fires Cell Headquarters Element ..................................................................... 11-1

Joint Fires Section ............................................................................................ 11-2

Chapter 12

THEATER ARMY PROTECTION CELL .......................................................... 12-1

Protection Cell Headquarters Element ............................................................. 12-1

Antiterrorism and Force Protection Section...................................................... 12-2

Provost Marshal Section and Headquarters Element ...................................... 12-2

Operations Element.......................................................................................... 12-3

Internment and Resettlement Element ............................................................. 12-3

Law and Order Element.................................................................................... 12-4

Air and Missile Defense Section ....................................................................... 12-4

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Section ................................. 12-5

Operational Security Section ............................................................................ 12-5

Personnel Recovery Section ............................................................................ 12-6

Safety Section .................................................................................................. 12-6

Chapter 13

THEATER ARMY SUSTAINMENT CELL ....................................................... 13-1

Sustainment Cell Headquarters Element ......................................................... 13-1

G-1 Division and Headquarters Section ........................................................... 13-2

Manpower Section and Headquarters Element ............................................... 13-3

Awards and Actions Element ........................................................................... 13-3

Individual Augmentee Management Element................................................... 13-3

Personnel Readiness Management Element ................................................... 13-4

Plans and Operations Programs and Policy Section and Headquarters

Element............................................................................................................. 13-4

Current Operations Element ............................................................................. 13-5

Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Element ....................................................... 13-5

Postal Element ................................................................................................. 13-6

G-4 Section and Headquarters Element .......................................................... 13-6

Plans, Exercises, Programs, and Policy Section and Headquarters Element . 13-7

Plans Element .................................................................................................. 13-8

Exercise Element .............................................................................................. 13-8

Programs and Policy Element .......................................................................... 13-9

Sustainment Operations Section and Headquarters Element.......................... 13-9

Current Operations Element ........................................................................... 13-10

Supply and Services Element ........................................................................ 13-10

12 October 2011

FM 3-93

iii

Contents

Petroleum, Oils, and Lubricants and Water Element ......................................13-11

Materiel Readiness Element ...........................................................................13-11

Multinational and Interagency Element ...........................................................13-12

Munitions Element ...........................................................................................13-12

Automation Element ........................................................................................13-13

Mobility Operations Section and Headquarters Element ................................13-14

Distribution and Movement Operations Element ............................................13-14

Air Operations Element ...................................................................................13-15

Sea Operations Element .................................................................................13-16

Land Operations Element ...............................................................................13-16

G-8 Section and Headquarters Element.........................................................13-17

Resource Management Section and Headquarters Element .........................13-18

Management Element .....................................................................................13-18

Programs Element ..........................................................................................13-18

Comptroller Section and Headquarters Element ............................................13-19

Host Nation Assistance Element.....................................................................13-19

Budget Operations Element ............................................................................13-20

Financial Management, Accounting, Policy, and Systems Element ...............13-20

Budget Execution and Analysis Element ........................................................13-21

Resource Management Support Element .......................................................13-21

Engineer Section and Headquarters Element ................................................13-21

Facilities and Construction Section and Headquarters Element ....................13-22

Facilities and Construction Element................................................................13-23

Real Estate Element .......................................................................................13-23

Environmental Element ...................................................................................13-24

Plans and Operations Section ........................................................................13-24

Surgeon Section and Headquarters Element .................................................13-24

Medical Operations Element ...........................................................................13-25

Support Operations Element ...........................................................................13-26

Chapter 14

THEATER ARMY MISSION COMMAND CELL ..............................................14-1

Inform and Influence Activities Section .............................................................14-1

Cyber Electromagnetic Activities Section .........................................................14-2

Civil Affairs Section ...........................................................................................14-2

G-6 Section and Headquarters Element ...........................................................14-3

G-6 Operations Section and Headquarters Element ........................................14-4

Theater Communications Security Management Element ...............................14-4

Theater Spectrum Management Element .........................................................14-4

Plans and Exercise Element .............................................................................14-5

Programs, Policy, and Projects Section and Headquarters Element ...............14-6

Projects Element ...............................................................................................14-6

Information Assurance Element ........................................................................14-6

Programs and Policy Element ...........................................................................14-7

Enterprise Architecture Element .......................................................................14-7

Headquarters Support Section..........................................................................14-8

Joint and Coalition Network Section .................................................................14-8

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FM 3-93

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Contents

Chapter 15

THEATER ARMY CONTINGENCY COMMAND POST ORGANIZATION ..... 15-1

Command Group .............................................................................................. 15-2

Contingency Command Post Knowledge Management Section...................... 15-2

Contingency Command Post Public Affairs Section ........................................ 15-3

Intelligence Cell ................................................................................................ 15-3

Reconnaissance and Surveillance Operations Section ................................... 15-4

G-2X Section .................................................................................................... 15-5

Reconnaissance and Surveillance Target Development Section .................... 15-5

Staff Weather Office ......................................................................................... 15-6

Movement and Maneuver Cell ......................................................................... 15-6

Future Operations Cell ..................................................................................... 15-7

Airspace Command and Control Section ......................................................... 15-7

Aviation Section ................................................................................................ 15-8

Engineer Section .............................................................................................. 15-8

Staff Judge Advocate Section .......................................................................... 15-9

Regional Affairs Section ................................................................................... 15-9

Space Section ................................................................................................ 15-10

Fires Cell......................................................................................................... 15-10

Protection Cell ................................................................................................ 15-11

Antiterrorism and Force Protection Section.................................................... 15-11

Provost Marshal Section................................................................................. 15-11

Air and Missile Defense Section ..................................................................... 15-12

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Section ............................... 15-12

Personnel Recovery Section .......................................................................... 15-12

Sustainment Cell ............................................................................................ 15-13

Mission Command Cell................................................................................... 15-13

G-7 Section ..................................................................................................... 15-14

G-9 Operations Section .................................................................................. 15-14

G-6 Section and Operations Element............................................................. 15-14

Information Systems Management Elemen