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This long essay is the second part of a series. The first part being “USA Russia & China in the Middle East: Alliances & Conflicts”. Over 80 maps are used to explain the energy war between Russia and Turkey, two countries that have been fighting for regional dominance for many centuries. Today, the main geographical locations of their conflicts are the regions of Central Asia and East Mediterranean Sea. Both Central Asia and the East Mediterranean Sea are of strategic importance for the connection of Europe to the oil and natural gas reserves of the Caspian Sea and the Middle East. This essay examines in great detail the relations of both Russia and Turkey with the countries of these regions.