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DETAILS FOR

CONVENTIONAL WOOD

FRAME CONSTRUCTION

Council

ood

W

American

American

Forest &

Paper

Association

Copyright © 2001

American Forest & Paper Association

WOOD CONSTRUCTION DATA 1

1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter/Title

Page

Chapter/Title

Page

Introduction ............................................. 3

Firestopping ............................................ 8

General Scope ......................................... 3

Draftstopping .......................................... 8

Grade Marking ........................................ 3

Exterior Wall Framing ........................... 8

Lumber Seasoning ................................. 4

Interior Partition Framing .................... 9

TYPES OF FRAME CONSTRUCTION

Framing Around Chimneys and

Platform Frame ....................................... 4

Fireplaces .......................................... 9

Balloon Frame ......................................... 5

Roof and Ceiling Framing ................. 10

Fastenings ............................................... 5

Insulation and Vapor Retarders ....... 11

Plank and Beam Construction ............ 5

Exterior Siding and Coverings ........ 11

Truss-Framed Construction ................. 5

Flooring ................................................. 12

Foundations ............................................. 5

Wood Decks ......................................... 13

Protection Against Termites and

Conclusion ............................................ 14

Decay .................................................. 6

Appendix .................................................52

Floor Framing .......................................... 7

LIST OF TABLES

Table

Page

I.

Nominal and Minimum-Dressed Sizes of

Boards, Dimension and Timbers .............. 15

II.

Wood Shingle and Shake Weather

Exposures ................................................. 16

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

2

DETAILS FOR CONVENTIONAL WOOD FRAME CONSTRUCTION

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure

Page

Figure

Page

1.

Platform Frame Construction ...................... 17

35. Second Floor Overhang of Exterior Wall,

2.

Balloon Frame Construction ....................... 18

Joists at Right Angles to Supporting

Walls ............................................................... 33

3.

Methods of Loading Nails ............................ 18

36. Second Floor Overhang of Exterior Wall,

4.

Sizes of Common Wire Nails ....................... 19

Joists Parallel to Supporting Walls ............. 33

5.

Masonry Foundation Wall and Footing ...... 20

37. Firestopping Around Pipes .......................... 34

6a. Permanent Wood Foundation - Crawl

38. Firestopping of Dropped Ceilings ............... 34

space .............................................................. 20

39a. Firestoppingof Masonry Walls - Floor ........ 35

6b. Permanent Wood Foundation -

Basement ....................................................... 21

39b.Firestopping of Masonry Walls - Ceiling .... 35

7a. Sump for Poorly Drained Soils .................... 22

40. Draftstopping of Trussed Floors ................. 36

7b. Sump for Medium to Well Drained Soils .... 22

41. Multiple Studs at Corners ............................ 36

8.

Pier Foundation and Anchorage ................. 23

42. Wall Framing at Intersecting Partitions ...... 36

9.

Clearance Between Earth and Floor

43. Exterior Wall Openings, Header Details

Framing .......................................................... 23

with Cripple Studs ........................................ 37

10. Support for Basement Post ......................... 23

44. Exterior Wall Openings, Header Details

with Joist Hangers ........................................ 37

11. Floor Framing at Exterior Wall .................... 24

45. Framing of Bay Window ............................... 38

12. Girder Framing in Exterior Wall ................... 24

46. Wall Framing at Gable Ends ........................ 38

13. Termite Shields .............................................. 24

47a. Wall and Floor Framing at Fireplace ........... 39

14. Anchorage of Sill to Foundation Wall ......... 25

47b. Hearth Centering Detail ................................ 39

15. Nailing Built-up Beams and Girders ........... 25

48a. Clearance of Fireplace Trim ......................... 40

16. Joist End Bearing ......................................... 25

48b. Section Through Mantle ............................... 40

17. Joist Supported on Ledger .......................... 26

49. Building Paper and Siding Application ...... 41

18. Joist Supported by Metal Framing

Anchors .......................................................... 26

50. Application of Wood Shingles ..................... 41

19. Joists Resting on Girder .............................. 26

51. Roof Framing Ceiling Joists Parallel to

Rafters ............................................................ 42

20. Joists Resting on Steel Beam ..................... 26

52. Roof Framing, Ceiling Joists

21. Diagonal Bridging of Floor Joists ............... 27

Perpendicular to Rafters .............................. 42

22. Solid Bridging of Floor Joists ..................... 27

53. Roof Framing Gable Overhang .................... 43

23. Framing of Tail Joists on Ledger Strip ....... 28

54. Flat Roof Framing ......................................... 43

24. Framing of Tail Joists by Framing

55. Valley Rafter Roof Framing .......................... 44

Anchors .......................................................... 28

56. Hip Rafter Roof Framing .............................. 44

25. Framing of Header to Trimmer by Joist

Hangers .......................................................... 28

57. Roof Framing at Eave ................................... 44

26. Notching and Boring of Joists .................... 28

58. Shed Dormer Roof Framing ......................... 45

27. Framing Over Bearing Partition,

59. Gable Dormer Framing ................................. 46

Platform Construction .................................. 29

60. Roof Framing Around Chimney .................. 46

28. Framing Over Bearing Partition, Balloon

61. Roof Ventilation Requirements ................... 47

Construction .................................................. 29

62. Ventilating Eave Overhangs ........................ 47

29. Framing Under Non-Bearing Partition ........ 30

63. Wood Siding Patterns and Nailing .............. 48

30. Attachment of Non-Bearing Partition to

64. Corner Treatments for Wood Siding ........... 48

Ceiling Framing ............................................. 30

65. Application of Masonry Veneer to Wood

31. Interior Stairway Framing ............................ 31

Framing .......................................................... 49

32. Stairway With a Landing .............................. 32

66. Wood Strip Flooring ..................................... 49

33. Framing Supporting Bathtub ....................... 32

67. Wood Deck ..................................................... 50

34. Second Floor Framing, Exterior Wall ......... 33

68. Ceiling-Floor Partition Separation .............. 51

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

WOOD CONSTRUCTION DATA 1

3

DETAILS FOR CONVENTIONAL WOOD FRAME CONSTRUCTION