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Depression; a Misunderstood Disease

B y Stephanie Mallet

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Depression; a Misunderstood Disease by S Mallet Page 2 of 104

Please Read This FIRST

Terms of Use

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Disclaimer

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overview by a lay person about an important subject. The author

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The author, publisher and distributors never give legal, accounting,

medical or any other type of professional advice. The reader must

always seek those services from competent professionals that can

apply the latest technical information and review their own

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Depression; a Misunderstood Disease by S Mallet Page 4 of 104

C

Contents

Please Read This FIRST...................................................................... 2

Terms of Use............................................................................................................ 2

Disclaimer ................................................................................................................ 2

C

Contents............................................................................................... 4

About the Author ................................................................................. 8

1. Unipolar Depression - An Overview............................................... 9

Treatment options ............................................................................................. 12

2. What Is Unipolar Depression? ..................................................... 13

Symptoms .......................................................................................................... 13

3. Causes of Unipolar Depression ................................................... 15

Common Possible Causes for Unipolar Depression ......................................... 15

4. Unipolar Depression vs. Bipolar Depression.............................. 18

The difference between bipolar and unipolar depression. ........................... 18

5. Signs and Symptoms of Unipolar Depression............................ 20

Common symptoms:......................................................................................... 20

6. Common Myths about Unipolar Depression............................... 22

7. Who Gets Unipolar Depression? ................................................. 24

People Who Can Get Unipolar Depression......................................................... 24

8. Unipolar Depression in Children.................................................. 26

Symptoms of Unipolar Depression in Children ................................................. 26

9. Unipolar Depression in Adolescents ........................................... 28

Detection of Warning Symptoms......................................................................... 29

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Depression; a Misunderstood Disease by S Mallet Page 5 of 104

10. Unipolar Depression in Women ................................................. 30

11. Unipolar Depression in Men ....................................................... 33

12. Unipolar Depression in the Elderly ............................................ 35

13. When to Seek Medical Advice .................................................... 37

14. How Is Unipolar Depression Diagnosed? ................................. 38

Treatment ............................................................................................................... 39

15. Examinations and Tests to Determine Unipolar Depression... 41

16. Self-Testing for Unipolar Depression ........................................ 43

17. Medical History and Unipolar Depression Diagnosis............... 44

18. Is It Possible to Avoid Unipolar Depression? ........................... 45

19. Life after Unipolar Depression ................................................... 47

20. Treatment Options for Unipolar Depression............................. 49

Unipolar Depression Treatments......................................................................... 49

Psychotherapy................................................................................................... 49

2. Medications.................................................................................................... 50

3. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) ................................................................ 51

Alternative Treatments.......................................................................................... 52

Herbal Therapy .................................................................................................. 52

Support Groups ................................................................................................. 53

Lifestyle Changes.............................................................................................. 53

21. Unipolar Depression Medications - Antidepressants............... 54

22. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) .............................................. 56

23. Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR)............ 58

24. Psychotherapy............................................................................. 60

Need for Psychotherapy ....................................................................................... 60

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Types of Psychotherapy Treatments .................................................................. 60

Choice of Suitable Psychotherapy Treatment.................................................... 61

Psychodynamic therapy ................................................................................... 61

Interpersonal therapy........................................................................................ 61

Cognitive behavioral therapy ........................................................................... 62

Useful Therapy Tip ................................................................................................ 62

25. Choosing a Psychotherapist ...................................................... 63

26. Experimental Therapies .............................................................. 65

27. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) ................................. 67

28. Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) ................................................. 69

29. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)...................................... 71

30. Alternative Remedies for Unipolar Depression ........................ 73

Demand for Alternative Remedies....................................................................... 73

Types of Alternative Remedies ............................................................................ 74

Herbal - St. John’s Wort.................................................................................... 74

Herbal -5-Hydroxy-Tryptophan (5-HTP)........................................................... 75

Herbal - Ginkgo.................................................................................................. 75

Herbal - Kava...................................................................................................... 75

Herbal - Rhodiola Rosea ................................................................................... 76

2. Vitamin Supplements ........................................................................................ 76

B-vitamins .......................................................................................................... 76

Magnesium ......................................................................................................... 77

Omega 3 Fatty acids.......................................................................................... 77

Tryptophan......................................................................................................... 77

Exercise .................................................................................................................. 77

Aromatherapy ........................................................................................................ 78

Diet Modification.................................................................................................... 78

Acupuncture .......................................................................................................... 79

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.............................................................................. 79

Light Therapy ......................................................................................................... 79

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Be Careful when Using Alternative Remedies ................................................... 80

31. Acupuncture and Reflexology.................................................... 81

Exercise.............................................................................................. 83

Yoga ........................................................................................................................ 83

33. Effects of Untreated Unipolar Depression ................................ 85

34. Depression and Thoughts of Suicide ........................................ 87

35. How to Overcome the Depression ............................................. 89

36. Cognitive Therapy for Depression ............................................. 91

37. How to Help a Depressed Person .............................................. 93

38. Dietary Supplements and Nutrition for Depression ................. 95

Important and Nutritious Food............................................................................. 95

Carbohydrates ................................................................................................... 95

Fats ..................................................................................................................... 96

Proteins .............................................................................................................. 96

Vitamins and Minerals....................................................................................... 96

39. Where to Get Help for Depression ............................................. 98

40. Frequently Asked Questions about Unipolar Depression ..... 100

What is depression? ....................................................................................... 100

What are the possible causes for depression?............................................ 100

Can depression affect children?.................................................................... 100

Does depression affect children in the same way as adults? .................... 101

Does excess or lack of sleep cause depression?........................................ 101

Why do Women have a higher probability of getting depression?............ 101

Do all depressed people commit suicide?.................................................... 102

What is the duration of a depression episode? ........................................... 102

Does a person who had depression, experience it again? ......................... 102

Just One More Thing....................................................................... 103

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Depression; a Misunderstood Disease by S Mallet Page 8 of 104

About the Author

Stephanie Mallet was surprised by the terrible effect that depression

had on a close friend and, especially, the consequences for that

friend’s family as they tried to cope without proper support.

She says that many people just joke about depression but it is too

serious for that.

She realized that she could write a simple, straight-forward guide

that would help to prepare those people that suffered from the

disease.

But, she wanted to ensure that her book will also help their families

and close friends to cope with the situation and show them how to

ensure that the patient gets the best care and advice.

Stephanie knows many people that have regained control of their

lives after serious bouts of depression and, while there is no

guaranteed cure, she hopes that her book will help to show many

patients that they have a good chance to do the same.

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Depression; a Misunderstood Disease by S Mallet Page 9 of 104

Part-I: Introduction

1. Unipolar Depression - An Overview

Unipolar depression is a severe form of depression that is the same

as clinical depression or major-depressive disorder. It is a serious

illness and may have severe disabling effects.

Unipolar depression affects more than ten million Americans every

year. It ranks among the leading causes for disability in America.

It affects women more severely than men.

Unipolar depression is a psychiatric disorder that makes you

disinterested in your normal activities. You are always in a low

mood and do not find happiness in anything.

It affects normal routine functions like eating and sleeping.

It is a chronic and recurring illness; most people with unipolar

depression suffer more than one episode in their life.

This depression occurs across all age groups and is not confined to

any particular group or socio-economic background.

Unipolar depression can occur anytime. It may be a one-time

occurrence and you may recover completely after treatment.

Or, it could recur soon after treatment.

This depression may set in gradually or suddenly. Unipolar