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Guide for welcoming a new puppy


By Dr. Eyal Nachmias

Table of content

Introduction…………………………………………………………… 2
The delivery……………………………………………………………. 2
Living Standards……………………………………………………… 3
Shopping list…………………………………………………………… 3
Feeding and nutrition……………………………………………….. 3
Few no’s………………………………………………………………… 5
Cultivation …………………………………………………………….. 5
Household……………………………………………………………… 6
Few tips for the first stage………………………………………… 6
Few important issues……………………………………………….. 7
Educating………………………………………………………………. 7
Training………………………………………………………………… 11 Health………………………………………………………………….. 11 External parasites…………………………………………………… 11 Rut preventing……………………………………………………….. 12

Castration ……………………………………………………………... 12
Skeleton………………………………………………………………… 12
Mental health…………………………………………………………. 13
Public health and safety……………………………………………. 13
About the author…………………………………………………….. 14

Congratulations for chosen to add a new member to your family.


The new dog is certainly going to be an integral part of the family and you the owners, have a responsibility to worry about his health and welfare.

For many of you this is the first puppy you raise and many questions may arise about the handling of infant growth. We decided to bring you some initial information and advice and tips that can help the process of growth - sometimes seems hard - but certainly full of fun and enjoyment.

The Delivery

Most puppy delivered to you, from the eighth week (as from 49th day ) to his life. This period is critical for puppy, The puppy is sensitive to changes and trauma. Until know the puppy was staying with his brothers and his mother and was suddenly taken away from his familiar environment (social and physical environment). Probably he was handed over to a new loving family, but at this stage still unknown to him completely. This is certainly a traumatic event to him since the transition period is critical as it is to live, the experience can be very unpleasant for him. We must be aware and try to facilitate as much as possible the pain of separation of the puppy. The puppy was used to be all the time with his brothers and his mother . You should give him the feeling he is still in society: to be with him, pet him, play with him but at the same time allow enough rest time for many hours a day, the puppy is still needed to sleep. In short: Give him the space , do not disturb him! When he wakes up, pee right out (see article "education needs") and then try to be with him. You have to remember going to live will have to spend hours alone (When my family at work or school) and therefore should gradually accustom him to stay alone.

Especially in the early days the puppy may just cry (strong howling), especially at night. At night, you should make him a folded blanket and lay it at the foot of the bed. When the Puppy begin to feel lonely, just reach out and pat it; that he would feel that someone next to him and calm him.
Families with children: We repeatedly emphasize the need of the infant at rest and sleep. Please make sure the children's enthusiasm for the new guys that will not mess with him all the time and the rest will live.
A tried puppy is compromised physical and mental development because of lack of rest!
After a period of adjustment to new family new house, your puppy will show you the band and begin to establish his social standing in the band. The adjustment period is important to live and we are sure you will do everything to make him the crisis of separation.

Living Standards

A dog is a social creature by nature. Entering the new family he sees you, as noted, the social group to which it belongs. Imagine the feeling of the dog if he would feel an outcast and deposed his band ... While they were at home, the dog needs your company. We are sure you thought already about how will integrate new puppy in your home and do your best to give him a physical and social environment is needed.

Shopping list


Short reminder of what you must have

• Eating utensils and water. It is important to make sure that the size of the tools suitable for the small infant's height.
• Appropriate size collar and leash, (you may need to be replaced with the growth of your puppy). Remind you that according to law the dog must be leashed by which when you are in public (even before we talked about the dangers of the street like roads that other dogs might attack!)
• A blanket or rug where it is supposed to sleep.
• In addition, you can make the puppy's time pleasant (especially when we are not at home) with toys for dogs, or a special bone that can be prepared by the butcher. The Bone should be cooked well , after you can give it to the puppy for play with. This bone is too hard to crack and the dog can spend hours trying to erode it. Another advantage with the bone accessories:, the dog clean his teeth and less cumulative stone that can cause tooth damage.
• Other accessories includes; Dog Shampoo, Towel and Hear brush.

Feeding and nutrition


The dog's nutritional requirements are a beat complex.

To provide all dog nutritional needs, It should be base only on commercial dog food that stated it "a full and balanced dog food." Let alone when it comes to infant growth is accelerated diet during these stages of life affect the structure and health are to live and an adult dog.
Today there are many commercial foods on different levels of market quality, highest quality level called "super premium". The Foods comes in ifferent shapes and flavors and a wide price range (The price related to the food quality).

Large dog owners prefer to give a dry commercial food that come in different ways. Dry food is very convenient to use, for large dogs is the most logical option. No need to worry that the dog was "bored" single food. A dog that changes frequently the food may start eating problem.

If we change the food brand too often . The dog may lose his interest in the food and we start running after it the culinary whims, (and we heard the dogs who agreed to eat only grilled beef steak!). If your dog enjoys the dry food you give him a good dog and medically, continued to give the same kind of food. Fastidiously maintains the problem when you begin to give our dog food residues. The dog quickly gets used to the wonderful taste of home cooking and begins to refuse food and dry.

Since we can not provide the special nutritional requirements by providing a dog's leftovers, then doing so, we again enter a vicious circle that no one benefits form, not us and certainly not the dog. In addition, certain breeds have a tendency to "SNACKS" obesity, that live us with poor eating habits and fat dogs, unfortunately, it is a common sight. Obese dogs have a tendency to develop different diseases that may severely affect the dog's health and quality of life.

Dry commercial foods are distributed by different needs (food, puppies, adults, seniors, diet food, and more ...). At these stages of life need to get food puppy puppies (Puppy). Later, when each has a different manufacturer has a "Food Plan" designates the different ages a particular food. We encourage the growth stages of puppy to give him a fine dry commercial food (super - premium). Super foods - premium components have better quality food and high-level digest that the amount of food needed a smaller dog. Also, a smaller amount of feces and some argue that its smell as bad! In general, the finest foods more expensive foods standards, but it is definitely a long-term investment in dog health and structure. Like humans, dogs also now know the basis for good health and quality of life begins to proper nutrition.

With many years of experience we found “Purina pro plan ” most recommended dog food at all stages of life. “Purina Pro Plan” have perfect food program at the highest level (Super Premium) provides complete nutrition the dog needs and take into consideration changing needs. The company invests huge resources in research and development of first class nutrition products, has also developed a series of medical foods for different disease states, upon the recommendation of your veterinarian. You can consult your vet or use Purina Pro-plan Calculator.

Keep in mind that moving from one food to another should be done after each time gradually mix the new food a little more than the previous food until you get a complete pass. Dogs are often sensitive to a particular food component of the food so it is better to pay attention during the transition if all is right with the puppy (normal stools, vomiting, skin condition, etc.). At 7-8 weeks the puppy should receive his ration at four meals a day until the age of four months. Reduced the number of meals , 6-7 months can give the dish on two meals a day and about to go down for a meal at one year, although clinically recommended daily dose divided into two oral doses for the entire life of the dog if possible. These are just guidelines. Always check if you have the puppy looks good (A good index of both is the rib: cannot see them but to feel them touch), good puppy grows and develops a healthy appetite.

Very Important: Always make sure that the dog fresh water kept clean and suitable tool.

Purina recently added to her Pro Plan puppy food and a special additive OPTISTART that increases the efficiency of the immune system. The origin of additive is based on cattle colostrum (first milk cow.) Proved that the addition increases the infant's capacity for coping with the dangers lurking around

Few No’s!

• Do not give the puppy dietary supplement (such as calcium or vitamins). These add-ons can cause great harm and irreversible if they are given without a medical indication. Balanced commercial puppy food is designed to provide full and the entire puppy's nutritional needs extra additions such capabilities the most damage.
• Do not give your Puppy Bones to heat!!! - they may get stuck in the digestive system, break the wall of the esophagus or intestine and cause blockages blockage. Therefore, the bones place in the garbage!
• Do not give dogs chocolate snacks (it contains toxic to dogs )
• Do not give dogs Onion!



Dogs are not people and puppies are babies!

The Dog skin is sensitive. Frequent washing remove the natural protective layer of skin and hair and exposes it to injuries and damages. When you receive your puppy you should wash it gently with warm water and shampoo designed for washing puppies. With a Towel dry him well (note especially the belly and the ears. You should not try to dry ears with ear sticks. Wiping with a dry towel is enough.

The dog wash is required only if the dog is very dirty. If the puppy dirty washes the puppy with water avoid as much as possible or minimize the use of soap. Mud is not a reason for bathing. It dries and falls from the gate alone (or with a slight brush). You should wash your dog after a visit to the sea because salt stimulates the dog's skin. Do not use perfumes, deodorants, etc. as they can irritate dog's skin.
To complete the look, you can comb the hair only after it dries. Hairbrush often promises a more beautiful sight, less hair on the carpets at home, as well as quality time between the dog and his owners.


Dog fur falls off all year long in certain seasons there is significant dropout rate. Pumping and sweeping the house regularly contribute to both a feeling of cleanliness and prevent the consolidation of fleas in the house.

You can assign the degree of scatter gate by the dog that education not exceeding beds and sofas (see "Education").
You can prevent mud at your feet wet by wiping the dog before he entered the house.

Few tips for the first stage

Puppy you received is not yet educated to the toilet outside. The learning process begins right from the moment you take him and should last a while. During this period the puppy will relieve himself at home until he learned otherwise. To minimize the disturbances the ”Poo and Pee’s” at home, You can prepared a limited area where he can stay while unattended the Compound should be large enough to be able to move run and play in, a corner with crockery, bed corner (which lay a small blanket or rug) and the corner of newspapers (as a toilet) distant as possible from the corner of the bedroom dishes. When the puppy is closed in this compound, it usually does not do his “business” there and it serves us well to study the dog to toilet outside the house.

Few important issues

The compound should be in a central place in the house surrounded by a non dense net so he can see thruohgh and we can see him. He must see us, hear us and feel part of the band. If you decide to use a compound only during the hours that no one at home, it is also possible to build a less central place when you get home take the puppy and let him be with us.

This compound is not ideal for the dog. It s supposed to ease slightly the period of education to toilet outside or in a place we want him to go.. Invest more in education as a toilet outside dog, so he will learn faster and Period compound will be behind us and his. When putting the newspapers , Make sure there are no pins!


Well-behaved dog is a dog that feels good and good dog for it owners! What is allowed and what is not for the dog to do - these personal limitations that owners have to decide what suits him. Basically the dog is smart to learn quickly what is required of him during the first month. To get fast results and permanent education you the owners must be consistent. Therefore, we suggest deciding in advance what will be the dog's boundaries and educate him from the beginning of these boundaries. For example, if you decide you do not want the dog will be on couches and beds, then once you got it did not raise him on the couches and beds. Want to play with him? Great – Do it on the carpet or on the floor. Although nothing as a charming to have your puppy on the bed, but as the adult dog, it will not be all pleasant - so just get him out! However, there are those would say that without the dog they will freeze in bed and they will not fall asleep. As noted, these decisions are personal and important to feel whole with boundaries that you set the dog.

The most important habits

1. Toilet Outside
2. When calling the dog by is name he should come over
3. Walk with a strap
4. Do not jump on people
5. Not accustom biting
6. Establish correct eating habits
7. Accustom the dog to the touch, caresses,

1. Toilet Outside

Education to toilet outside the home is perceived by many as a tough task In fact, if you invest the effort, consistently, in the first weeks, your puppy will learn quickly (even within a month) the desired habit.


1. The Puppy should go to Toilet usually when he get up from sleep, after dinner and after a game.
2. The Dog Typical behavior before defecation is sniffing, moving around in circles to find the place of choice.
3. A dog naturally wants to defecate on a natural surface (grass, soil, etc.).
4. The best learning is by providing positive reinforcement.

If we connect all these points, we understand that we, the owners, have a responsibility to "read" the behavior of the puppy habits. Immediately the puppy awake from his sleep or rest do not wait, get him out of place we chose for him (the place should not be too far from home, of course, not on sidewalks, playgrounds, etc. Do the same after the meal after the game.

Also, always be alert to the behavior preceding the toilet and when it appears, immediately take him outside. Those who lived in the building must come down, take your puppy down on arms until you reach another road, accidents are expected (usually puppy do not urinate when he in hands). For the night: get a bedtime needs. Puppy cannot help it at this stage all night and who is willing to spend the night; you should spend 5-6 hours. It is difficult, so most of us, you should put some distance from the carpet surface of the dog and other newspapers and keep the room carpets.

Like mentioned above , During which no one at home, the puppy can be a compound arranged as soon as someone came home, immediately take the puppy (puppy very excited when we come home. Excitement = pee!). Important: Every time your puppy needs doing outside, praise him, pet him and we can also give a treat (dog biscuit or a piece of special small sausage, for example). With which these positive reinforcement puppy will want to do outside.
As possible to live more opportunities to make their needs outside we will praise him when he does so we limit the times he does at home, so your puppy will learn faster and better habit.
What do we do when "accidents" occurs at home? With all our efforts, the little puppy will definitely have accidents. Under no circumstances you should not yell , hit him, or push his nose into the waste , do not to deport him to another room, etc.. The puppy does not associate the punishment with the location but needs to understand that means which made them. The result: a dog needs to be afraid in front of it (no matter). Moreover, because of fear, the dog will take advantage of the times when the owner is not home to relieve ... When “Waste” accident happen at home, you should clean the place and spray with air freshener (preferably one that neutralizes odors animals). It will not smell launched the puppy to do there again. Do not punish your puppy in any way, and to continue strengthening the habit you want as described earlier. With a little patience, goodwill and understanding can go through this period quickly and more easily.

2. When calling the dog by is name he should come over

This habit is very important for dog owners and it allows owners to remotely control the dog. Unresponsive dog can get lost, hurt and cause damage to himself. This habit should be implemented form the beginning , at first call him from a small distance when he comes, give positive reinforcement (biscuit / sausage!). If there is no goody available, make sure to give positive reinforcement by saying “good dog”. Every time try increasing the distance from which we call him when he came to live and strengthen. even if it does not scold the dog for not coming because he did not associate the act of punishment! Eventually the dog will benefit from coming for you.

3. Walk with a strap

By law, a dog must be in the public domain with a leash. Equally important, a dog that is not on a leash, many vulnerable as from a passing car, aggressive dogs, eating junk, etc., or even be a nuisance of himself to children or people who are afraid of him. Therefore, for the dog owner, unequivocally recommended to go with the dog in the public domain when a leash. There gently accustom the puppy to walk on a leash when you are still strong and that can avoid damage to his neck area. Again, positive reinforcement goes well for the puppy strip will do. Release the dog to extract energy will play in safe places and under your control .

4. Not jumping on people

The jump habit is very problematic especially for big dogs: When a dog is jumping for joy on a child comes home from school and drop him, it's not such a happy event. Or when guest comes and the dog jump on it with happiness. the picture speaks for itself and thus a clear need to study the dog not to jump on people. Education begins at the very beginning, When a puppy or jumps while playing on us, we must catch him by the shoulders to take him down while saying "No!" Short and firm (not shouting). Every time your puppy jumps repeat this action.. You should explain to children why the dog should not get used to jumping and encourage them to practice the same exercise with your puppy.

5. Biting

Any puppy even from breeds that are consider to be a bity breeds have the instinct to bite especially during periods in which the teeth are growing or changing. It is advisable not to play with the dog biter games and if he still felt the need bite , immediately remove your hand / foot / leg from the puppy's mouth while saying "no" assault, and offer him something he can bite (like a toy, a bone, etc.).

6. Establish correct eating habits

In our explanation of the dog's diet, we mentioned that the dogs love snacks, and talk in the behavioral consequences: Dogs are experts in begging for food especially at family meals. Some dogs may grab food from the table or counter. These are behavioral problems. Therefore, no way to give the dog food off the table because it only will strengthen the negative habit (he then receives positive reinforcement!).
The dog should be used to receive his meals at times arranged his eating utensils. Regular meals (composition, like them and time to wait) contribute to overall health dog's behavior, reduce side effects such as gastrointestinal gases allow us to track the owner of the dog's appetite.

7. Accustom the dog to the touch

As more as we touch ant pet our puppy with a gentle touch, so it will be more accustomed to the touch of people. This is important both in terms of the dog's social relationships with those around him (especially kids who love to stroke, sometimes not so gently) and veterinary treatment. Normal dog will allow your veterinarian to check the touch and manipulate it more easily. It is important to accustom the dog to touch the feet and opening the mouth. It is also important to those who plan to take the dog for competition because competition judges review the dog's teeth bite.


There are different levels of training according to them will be asked to perform dog (family dog, guide dog for the blind, police service dog, etc.). Basic dog training is can be done by yourself or by professional trainer in a group or private lessons and gives the dog basic skills like my legs, sit, down, stay, come etc.. We recommend this basic training as it gives owners more control over the dog (important, eg , when a child takes a dog for a walk) and gives the dog clear boundaries where he learns to function. You should consult with your veterinarian to recommend a suitable framework near your home .



As the owner of a dog lying on you responsibility to ensure physical and mental health and public health come in contact directly or indirectly with the dog.



Has you receive the dog you should consults your vet on all the Immunization your dog should receive according to the federal law , and others which realted to your territory it can be different from one territory to another. Dog vaccines vaccination was given to his subscribers, and should bring the notebook every clinic visit.

External parasites

Dog flea mite is a known problem. External parasites, in addition to being a nuisance, constitute a health risk because they can transfer disease. Fleas can move the tapeworm that can cause difficult allergic reactions; Ticks can pass the bacterium that causes the disease and even could lead to death of the dog. Luckily, there are excellent products on the market today which are very convenient for preventing and treating the problems. Advanced products are more expensive but they are much more efficient than standard products, the activity lasts longer and they are also the ampoules which you can drip on the neck. You should consult with your veterinarian about the appropriate formula for a puppy (Some formula’s are appropriate in certain age) The
recommendation is to go back and take care of - according to manufacturer's instructions (prophylaxis) rather than waiting for signs of parasites of the dog. The new products also relatively safe to the touch of children (you must check very carefully the medicine). To prevent Ticks There prevention products which are very affective which come as a lease (depending on the manufacturer's instructions). Here, too, is important to choose the proper formula that is recommended by your veterinarian. If discovered a tick on a dog, you may want to put it a little alcohol, wait a few seconds and then pull it gently (otherwise your head may remain in the skin and cause damage there

Rut preventing

The dog's first rut can occur at different age’s dependent general condition and the dog race. The first rut in small female dog can occur even from the age of six
- seven months. The next rut will appear every 5-7 months. The marks of the rut are: bloody and swelling in the oral are. The female rut cycle is complex, during which the female attracts the male to her. Not every dog rut may lead to pregnancy but you must not take the risk . So, once you notice the sign for rut as mentioned you should prevent encounters for at least a month., but the female continues to be fertile even after the cessation of bleeding.

We recommended to sterilize the female dog before or after her first Rut . Sterilization has many advantages both in terms of dog health (reduces risk of womb infections, and udder crops) and in terms of preventing unwanted pregnancy.


Modern Veterinary medicine strongly recommends doing castration in young age. The Male sex hormones secreted form the testicles may increase medical problems and may arise unwanted male behaviors (aggression, urine marking territory, wandering after females in rut, etc.). As soon the dog castrated at a younger age, those behaviors were not yet based. In many cases the dog training process easier when the dog castrated. Many have the opinion that male castration is "not natural." In fact dogs do have Sex instincts or not need pleasure. Impulse stems from the influence of sex hormones and the smell of a female dog. We have many cases of male dog that hurt them self’s form running and wondering after a female, certainly is not something "natural”. If you not raise a valued breeder puppy and you are not seeking for the next generation. We strongly recommend that , early castrationis the responsible thing to do.


The first year of life shaped the body of the puppy , the load exerted on the bones of the skeleton must be controlled. This is especially common problem of trunks in the "hip dysplasia." The puppy should gradually strengthen the muscles to give the right support the developing skeleton. Physical activity should be gradual and controlled level of effort matched the age and the dog breed. Please consult your vet before starting to take the dog strenuous physical activity. It is very important to remember: the dog's feet is very delicate and must not lead him on the hot roads, rough or sharp surfaces etc..

Mental health

Behavioral problems that appear in many dogs are the result of improper care of the dog's emotional needs. Most of them can be prevented. The puppy requires company , trips, playtime and rest. In his first year the puppy is very curious and requires new experience. It prefer to expose him to many different situations (while keeping the risk of exposure to disease as described). This will contribute to the dog's self-confidence and mental development. When he is alone the dog may begin to feel bored and abandoned cause damage. In order to prevent this situation get him toys to play with (see our “Shopping list”) or the best thing is to find dog a company (someone who could keep the puppy if we are missing for hours from home).

Any change in his health or the dog's behavior (including depression, lack of eating, etc.) call the clinic as soon as possible


Public health

As the owner of a dog lying on you responsibility is to ensure the public health: Make sure that the dog received the vaccine in time, to go with the dog tied in the public domain and collect the dog droppings. By law, dog owners must pick up the dog needs the public domain throws it away. Means not only the sidewalks but also public lawns, parks, etc.. A dog makes just needs an amusement park endangers the health of children because children can touch the stool and put her in here! So, please consider where your dog is doing his needs! Stool collection also contributes to prevent transfer of diseases and worms from the dogs themselves.

We wish you success and enjoyment in raising your dog!
Feel free to contact us for any additional information you may have at
About the author



Dr. Eyal Nachmias 45, a Veterinary and nutritional expert, Own his privet animal hospital with experience for than 20 years, can be viewed at , Serving as an expert consultant for Purina for more than 10 years, develop unique vaccine for preventing staph. Establish the first Animal Blood Bank in Israel including blood typing, blood products etc.
For further information you can send an e-mail to

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