Young Folks' Library: Wonders of Earth, Sea and Sky HTML version

AGASSIZ, J.L.R., naturalist, born in Switzerland, 1807; died, Cambridge, Mass., 1873. In
1846 he came to America, after having gained a high reputation in Europe, to deliver a
course of lectures in Boston "On the Plan of the Creation," and met with such success
that he spent the rest of his days there, declining an invitation to return to his native
country and to Paris. In 1848 he was elected to the chair of Natural History at Harvard. In
1850-51 he went on an expedition to the Florida Reefs. In 1858 he founded and organized
the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Cambridge—and, later on, went on his important
voyage to Brazil. In 1872 he founded and organized the summer school of Natural
History at Buzzard's Bay. He wrote "The Fishes of Brazil," "A Study of Glaciers,"
"Natural History of the Fresh Water Fishes of Central Europe," "Contributions to the
Natural History of the United States" (unfinished), and with his wife, "A Journey in
BALL, PROF. SIR R.S., English astronomer, born in Dublin, 1840. Was appointed Lord
Ross's astronomer in 1865. Professor of mathematics and mechanics at the Royal Irish
College of Science in 1873, and is now astronomer royal for Ireland. He is the author of
"The Story of the Heavens," "Starland," etc., and is well known as a successful lecturer
on astronomical subjects in this country.
DARWIN, CHARLES R., English naturalist, born, 1809; died, 1882. He first formulated
what is known as the principle of Natural Selection. In 1831 he went in the famous
scientific voyage of the Beagle as naturalist, and afterwards published an account of it.
He was one of the most thorough, careful, and painstaking scientific men of this or any
age. He is the author of many famous books. "The Origin of Species," "The Descent of
Man," "Insectivorous Plants," "The Power of Movement in Plants," "The Structure and
Distribution of Coral Reefs," "Geological Observations on Volcanic Islands." "The
Formation of Vegetable Mould" was his last published work.
FLAMMARION, C., famous French astronomer, born, 1842. He has written many popular
works on astronomy, most of which have been translated into English. "The Stars," "The
World Before the Creation," "Uranus," "Comets," "Popular Astronomy," are among his
best known.
HOLDEN, PROF. E.S., American astronomer, born at St. Louis, 1846. Lieutenant
engineers, U.S.A., 1870-73; professor mathematics, U.S.N., 1873-81; director Washburn
Observatory, 1881-85; president University of California, 1883-88; director Lick
Observatory, 1888-98. Is a member of several learned societies of Europe. Is the author
of a "Life of William Herschel," "A Hand-book of the Lick Observatory," "Earth and
Sky," "Primer of Heraldry," "Elementary Astronomy," "Family of the Sun," "Essays in
Astronomy," "Stories of the Great Astronomers," etc.
HUXLEY, T.H., English biologist, born, 1825; died, 1895. Went on an exploring
expedition on the Rattlesnake, and devoted himself to the study of marine life. For his
scientific researches he received many honors. His lectures were models of clearness, and
he could simplify the most difficult subjects. He strongly advocated Darwin's views and
evolutionist doctrines. His writings are numerous and many of them technical. Among
some of the most popular are "Man's Place in Nature," his "Lay Sermons," "Critiques and
Addresses," "American Addresses," "Physiography," "Science and Culture," "Lessons in
Elementary Physiology," etc.