The Problems of Philosophy by Bertrand Russel - HTML preview
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The Problems of Philosophy
Categorie(s): Non-Fiction, Philosophy
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May
1872 – 2 February 1970), was a British philosopher, logician, mathem-
atician, historian, religious sceptic, social reformer, socialist and pacifist.
Although he spent the majority of his life in England, he was born in
Wales, where he also died. Russell led the British "revolt against idealism" in the early 1900s and is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his protégé Wittgenstein and his elder Frege. He
co-authored, with A. N. Whitehead, Principia Mathematica, an attempt
to ground mathematics on logic. His philosophical essay "On Denoting"
has been considered a "paradigm of philosophy." Both works have had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics, set theory, linguistics and
analytic philosophy. He was a prominent anti-war activist, championing
free trade between nations and anti-imperialism. Russell was imprisoned
for his pacifist activism during World War I, campaigned against Adolf
Hitler, for nuclear disarmament, criticised Soviet totalitarianism and the United States of America's involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1950,
Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian
ideals and freedom of thought."
Also available on Feedbooks for Russell:
• Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays (1918)
• Political Ideals (1917)
• Proposed Roads to Freedom (1918) Copyright: This work was published before 1923 and is in the public do-main in the USA only.
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In the following pages I have confined myself in the main to those prob-
lems of philosophy in regard to which I thought it possible to say
something positive and constructive, since merely negative criticism
seemed out of place. For this reason, theory of knowledge occupies a lar-
ger space than metaphysics in the present volume, and some topics
much discussed by philosophers are treated very briefly, if at all.
I have derived valuable assistance from unpublished writings of G. E.
Moore and J. M. Keynes: from the former, as regards the relations of
sense-data to physical objects, and from the latter as regards probability and induction. I have also profited greatly by the criticisms and sugges-tions of Professor Gilbert Murray.