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which have been more thoroughly investigated—by a peculiar mark,
thus [rectangular box], and it also shows roads and paths used in
transportation and communication. Since its publication political
changes have caused the division of the Peninsula into the States of
Yucatan and Campeachy, which change of boundaries has called for
the preparation of a new and improved map. Such an one is now
being engraved at Paris and will soon be issued in this country. It is
the joint production of Sr. Dn. Joaquin Hubbe and Sr. Dn. Andres
Aznar Pérez, revised by Dr. C. Hermann Berendt.
The early history of the central portions of the western
hemisphere has particularly attracted the attention of European
archæologists, and those of France have already formed learned
societies engaged specifically in scientific and antiquarian
investigations in Spanish America. It is to the French that credit for
the initiative in this most interesting field of inquiry is especially due,
presenting an example which can not fail to be productive of good
results in animating the enthusiasm of all engaged in similar studies.
The Société Américaine de France (an association, like our own,
having the study of American Antiquities as a principal object, and
likely to become prominent in this field of inquiry), has already been
briefly mentioned by our Librarian; but the reception of the Annuaire
for 1873, and a statement of the present condition of the Society in
the Journal des Orientalistes of February 5, 1876, gives occasion for
a more extended notice. The Society was founded in 1857; and
among those most active in its creation were M. Brasseur de
Bourbourg, M. Léon de Rosny, and M. Alfred Maury. The objects of
the association, as officially set forth, were, first, the publication of the
works and collections of M. Aubin, the learned founder of a theory of
American Archæology, which it was hoped would throw much light
upon the hieroglyphical history of Mexico before the conquest;4-*
second, the publication of grammars and dictionaries of the native
languages of America; third, the foundation of
professorships of History, Archæology, and American Languages;
and fourth, the creation, outside of Paris, of four Museums like the