The Iliad by Homer. - HTML preview

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BOOK III

Phorcys, again, and noble Ascanius led the Phrygians from the far country of Ascania, and both WHEN THE COMPANIES were thus arrayed, each un-were eager for the fray.

der its own captain, the Trojans advanced as a flight Mesthles and Antiphus commanded the of wild fowl or cranes that scream overhead when Meonians, sons of Talæmenes, born to him of the rain and winter drive them over the flowing waters Gygæan lake. These led the Meonians, who dwelt of Oceanus to bring death and destruction on the under Mt. Tmolus.

Pygmies, and they wrangle in the air as they fly; Nastes led the Carians, men of a strange speech.

but the Achæans marched silently, in high heart, These held Miletus and the wooded mountain of and minded to stand by one another.

Phthires, with the water of the river Mæander and As when the south wind spreads a curtain of mist 39

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upon the mountain tops, bad for shepherds but his men. As one who starts back affrighted, trem-better than night for thieves, and a man can see no bling and pale, when he comes suddenly upon a further than he can throw a stone, even so rose the serpent in some mountain glade, even so did dust from under their feet as they made all speed Alexandrus plunge into the throng of Trojan war-over the plain.

riors, terror-stricken at the sight of the son Atreus.

When they were close up with one another, Then Hector upbraided him. “Paris,” said he, “evil-Alexandrus came forward as champion on the Tro-hearted Paris, fair to see, but woman-mad, and false jan side. On his shoulders he bore the skin of a of tongue, would that you had never been born, or panther, his bow, and his sword, and he brandished that you had died unwed. Better so, than live to be two spears shod with bronze as a challenge to the disgraced and looked askance at. Will not the bravest of the Achæans to meet him in single fight.

Achæans mock at us and say that we have sent one Menelaus saw him thus stride out before the ranks, to champion us who is fair to see but who has nei-and was glad as a hungry lion that lights on the ther wit nor courage? Did you not, such as you are, carcase of some goat or horned stag, and devours it get your following together and sail beyond the seas?

there and then, though dogs and youths set upon Did you not from your a far country carry off a him. Even thus was Menelaus glad when his eyes lovely woman wedded among a people of warriors—

caught sight of Alexandrus, for he deemed that now to bring sorrow upon your father, your city, and he should be revenged. He sprang, therefore, from your whole country, but joy to your enemies, and his chariot, clad in his suit of armour.

hang-dog shamefacedness to yourself? And now can Alexandrus quailed as he saw Menelaus come for-you not dare face Menelaus and learn what man-ward, and shrank in fear of his life under cover of ner of man he is whose wife you have stolen? Where 40

The Iliad – Book III

indeed would be your lyre and your love-tricks, your the others go home to Argos and the land of the comely locks and your fair favour, when you were Achæans.”

lying in the dust before him? The Trojans are a weak-When Hector heard this he was glad, and went kneed people, or ere this you would have had a shirt about among the Trojan ranks holding his spear by of stones for the wrongs you have done them.” the middle to keep them back, and they all sat down And Alexandrus answered, “Hector, your rebuke at his bidding: but the Achæans still aimed at him is just. You are hard as the axe which a shipwright with stones and arrows, till Agamemnon shouted wields at his work, and cleaves the timber to his to them saying, “Hold, Argives, shoot not, sons of liking. As the axe in his hand, so keen is the edge of the Achæans; Hector desires to speak.” your scorn. Still, taunt me not with the gifts that They ceased taking aim and were still, whereon golden Venus has given me; they are precious; let Hector spoke. “Hear from my mouth,” said he, not a man disdain them, for the gods give them

“Trojans and Achæans, the saying of Alexandrus, where they are minded, and none can have them through whom this quarrel has come about. He bids for the asking. If you would have me do battle with the Trojans and Achæans lay their armour upon Menelaus, bid the Trojans and Achæans take their the ground, while he and Menelaus fight in the seats, while he and I fight in their midst for Helen midst of you for Helen and all her wealth. Let him and all her wealth. Let him who shall be victorious who shall be victorious and prove to be the better and prove to be the better man take the woman man take the woman and all she has, to bear them and all she has, to bear them to his home, but let to his own home, but let the rest swear to a solemn the rest swear to a solemn covenant of peace covenant of peace.”

whereby you Trojans shall stay here in Troy, while Thus he spoke, and they all held their peace, till 41

The Iliad – Book III

Menelaus of the loud battle-cry addressed them.

near to one another with a little space between them.

“And now,” he said, “hear me too, for it is I who am Hector sent two messengers to the city to bring the the most aggrieved. I deem that the parting of lambs and to bid Priam come, while Agamemnon Achæans and Trojans is at hand, as well it may be, told Talthybius to fetch the other lamb from the seeing how much have suffered for my quarrel with ships, and he did as Agamemnon had said.

Alexandrus and the wrong he did me. Let him who Meanwhile Iris went to Helen in the form of her shall die, die, and let the others fight no more. Bring, sister-in-law, wife of the son of Antenor, for Helicaon, then, two lambs, a white ram and a black ewe, for son of Antenor, had married Laodice, the fairest of Earth and Sun, and we will bring a third for Jove.

Priam’s daughters. She found her in her own room, Moreover, you shall bid Priam come, that he may working at a great web of purple linen, on which swear to the covenant himself; for his sons are high-she was embroidering the battles between Trojans handed and ill to trust, and the oaths of Jove must and Achæans, that Mars had made them fight for not be transgressed or taken in vain. Young men’s her sake. Iris then came close up to her and said, minds are light as air, but when an old man comes

“Come hither, child, and see the strange doings of he looks before and after, deeming that which shall the Trojans and Achæans till now they have been be fairest upon both sides.” warring upon the plain, mad with lust of battle, The Trojans and Achæans were glad when they but now they have left off fighting, and are leaning heard this, for they thought that they should now upon their shields, sitting still with their spears have rest. They backed their chariots toward the planted beside them. Alexandrus and Menelaus are ranks, got out of them, and put off their armour, going to fight about yourself, and you are to the laying it down upon the ground; and the hosts were the wife of him who is the victor.” 42

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Thus spoke the goddess, and Helen’s heart But Priam bade her draw nigh. “My child,” said yearned after her former husband, her city, and her he, “take your seat in front of me that you may see parents. She threw a white mantle over her head, your former husband, your kinsmen and your and hurried from her room, weeping as she went, friends. I lay no blame upon you, it is the gods, not not alone, but attended by two of her handmaids, you who are to blame. It is they that have brought Æthræ, daughter of Pittheus, and Clymene. And about this terrible war with the Achæans. Tell me, straightway they were at the Scæan gates.

then, who is yonder huge hero so great and goodly?

The two sages, Ucalegon and Antenor, elders of I have seen men taller by a head, but none so comely the people, were seated by the Scæan gates, with and so royal. Surely he must be a king.” Priam, Panthous, Thymoetes, Lampus, Clytius, and

“Sir,” answered Helen, “father of my husband, Hiketaon of the race of Mars. These were too old dear and reverend in my eyes, would that I had to fight, but they were fluent orators, and sat on chosen death rather than to have come here with the tower like cicales that chirrup delicately from your son, far from my bridal chamber, my friends, the boughs of some high tree in a wood. When they my darling daughter, and all the companions of my saw Helen coming towards the tower, they said softly girlhood. But it was not to be, and my lot is one of to one another, “Small wonder that Trojans and tears and sorrow. As for your question, the hero of Achæans should endure so much and so long, for whom you ask is Agamemnon, son of Atreus, a good the sake of a woman so marvellously and divinely king and a brave soldier, brother-in-law as surely as lovely. Still, fair though she be, let them take her that he lives, to my abhorred and miserable self.” and go, or she will breed sorrow for us and for our The old man marvelled at him and said, “Happy children after us.”

son of Atreus, child of good fortune. I see that the 43

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Achæans are subject to you in great multitudes.

sight and conversation. When they stood up in pres-When I was in Phrygia I saw much horsemen, the ence of the assembled Trojans, Menelaus was the people of Otreus and of Mygdon, who were camp-broader shouldered, but when both were seated ing upon the banks of the river Sangarius; I was Ulysses had the more royal presence. After a time their ally, and with them when the Amazons, peers they delivered their message, and the speech of of men, came up against them, but even they were Menelaus ran trippingly on the tongue; he did not not so many as the Achæans.” say much, for he was a man of few words, but he The old man next looked upon Ulysses; “Tell me,” spoke very clearly and to the point, though he was he said, “who is that other, shorter by a head than the younger man of the two; Ulysses, on the other Agamemnon, but broader across the chest and shoul-hand, when he rose to speak, was at first silent and ders? His armour is laid upon the ground, and he kept his eyes fixed upon the ground. There was no stalks in front of the ranks as it were some great play nor graceful movement of his sceptre; he kept woolly ram ordering his ewes.” it straight and stiff like a man unpractised in ora-And Helen answered, “He is Ulysses, a man of tory—one might have taken him for a mere churl great craft, son of Lærtes. He was born in rugged or simpleton; but when he raised his voice, and the Ithaca, and excels in all manner of stratagems and words came driving from his deep chest like winter subtle cunning.”

snow before the wind, then there was none to touch On this Antenor said, “Madam, you have spoken him, and no man thought further of what he looked truly. Ulysses once came here as envoy about your-like.”

self, and Menelaus with him. I received them in my Priam then caught sight of Ajax and asked, “Who own house, and therefore know both of them by is that great and goodly warrior whose head and 44

The Iliad – Book III

broad shoulders tower above the rest of the Argives?” goatskin of wine, the gift of earth; and Idæus

“That,” answered Helen, “is huge Ajax, bulwark brought the mixing bowl and the cups of gold. He of the Achæans, and on the other side of him, among went up to Priam and said, “Son of Laomedon, the the Cretans, stands Idomeneus looking like a god, princes of the Trojans and Achæans bid you come and with the captains of the Cretans round him.

down on to the plain and swear to a solemn cov-Often did Menelaus receive him as a guest in our enant. Alexandrus and Menelaus are to fight for house when he came visiting us from Crete. I see, Helen in single combat, that she and all her wealth moreover, many other Achæans whose names I may go with him who is the victor. We are to swear could tell you, but there are two whom I can no-to a solemn covenant of peace whereby we others where find, Castor, breaker of horses, and Pollux shall dwell here in Troy, while the Achæans return the mighty boxer; they are children of my mother, to Argos and the land of the Achæans.” and own brothers to myself. Either they have not The old man trembled as he heard, but bade his left Lacedæmon, or else, though they have brought followers yoke the horses, and they made all haste their ships, they will not show themselves in battle to do so. He mounted the chariot, gathered the reins for the shame and disgrace that I have brought upon in his hand, and Antenor took his seat beside him; them.”

they then drove through the Scæan gates on to the She knew not that both these heroes were already plain. When they reached the ranks of the Trojans lying under the earth in their own land of and Achæans they left the chariot, and with mea-Lacedæmon.

sured pace advanced into the space between the Meanwhile the heralds were bringing the holy hosts.

oath-offerings through the city—two lambs and a Agamemnon and Ulysses both rose to meet them.

45

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The attendants brought on the oath-offerings and on till I have got satisfaction.” mixed the wine in the mixing-bowls; they poured As he spoke he drew his knife across the throats water over the hands of the chieftains, and the son of the victims, and laid them down gasping and of Atreus drew the dagger that hung by his sword, dying upon the ground, for the knife had reft them and cut wool from the lambs’ heads; this the men-of their strength. Then they poured wine from the servants gave about among the Trojan and Achæan mixing-bowl into the cups, and prayed to the ever-princes, and the son of Atreus lifted up his hands in lasting gods, saying, Trojans and Achæans among prayer. “Father Jove,” he cried, “that rulest in Ida, one another, “Jove, most great and glorious, and ye most glorious in power, and thou oh Sun, that seest other everlasting gods, grant that the brains of them and givest ear to all things, Earth and Rivers, and who shall first sin against their oaths—of them and ye who in the realms below chastise the soul of him their children—may be shed upon the ground even that has broken his oath, witness these rites and as this wine, and let their wives become the slaves guard them, that they be not vain. If Alexandrus of strangers.”

kills Menelaus, let him keep Helen and all her Thus they prayed, but not as yet would Jove grant wealth, while we sail home with our ships; but if them their prayer. Then Priam, descendant of Menelaus kills Alexandrus, let the Trojans give back Dardanus, spoke, saying, “Hear me, Trojans and Helen and all that she has; let them moreover pay Achæans, I will now go back to the wind-beaten such fine to the Achæans as shall be agreed upon, city of Ilius: I dare not with my own eyes witness in testimony among those that shall be born here-this fight between my son and Menelaus, for Jove after. Aid if Priam and his sons refuse such fine when and the other immortals alone know which shall Alexandrus has fallen, then will I stay here and fight fall.”

46

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On this he laid the two lambs on his chariot and and then his mighty shield. On his comely head he took his seat. He gathered the reins in his hand, set his helmet, well-wrought, with a crest of horse-and Antenor sat beside him; the two then went back hair that nodded menacingly above it, and he to Ilius. Hector and Ulysses measured the ground, grasped a redoubtable spear that suited his hands.

and cast lots from a helmet of bronze to see which In like fashion Menelaus also put on his armour.

should take aim first. Meanwhile the two hosts lifted When they had thus armed, each amid his own up their hands and prayed saying, “Father Jove, that people, they strode fierce of aspect into the open rulest from Ida, most glorious in power, grant that space, and both Trojans and Achæans were struck he who first brought about this war between us may with awe as they beheld them. They stood near one die, and enter the house of Hades, while we others another on the measured ground, brandishing their remain at peace and abide by our oaths.” spears, and each furious against the other.

Great Hector now turned his head aside while he Alexandrus aimed first, and struck the round shield shook the helmet, and the lot of Paris flew out first.

of the son of Atreus, but the spear did not pierce it, The others took their several stations, each by his for the shield turned its point. Menelaus next took horses and the place where his arms were lying, while aim, praying to Father Jove as he did so. “King Jove,” Alexandrus, husband of lovely Helen, put on his he said, “grant me revenge on Alexandrus who has goodly armour. First he greaved his legs with greaves wronged me; subdue him under my hand that in of good make and fitted with ancle-clasps of silver; ages yet to come a man may shrink from doing ill after this he donned the cuirass of his brother deeds in the house of his host.” Lycaon, and fitted it to his own body; he hung his He poised his spear as he spoke, and hurled it at silver-studded sword of bronze about his shoulders, the shield of Alexandrus. Through shield and cui-47

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rass it went, and tore the shirt by his flank, but in a moment (as a god can do), hid him under a Alexandrus swerved aside, and thus saved his life.

cloud of darkness, and conveyed him to his own Then the son of Atreus drew his sword, and drove bedchamber.

at the projecting part of his helmet, but the sword Then she went to call Helen, and found her on a fell shivered in three or four pieces from his hand, high tower with the Trojan women crowding round and he cried, looking towards Heaven, “Father Jove, her. She took the form of an old woman who used of all gods thou art the most despiteful; I made sure to dress wool for her when she was still in of my revenge, but the sword has broken in my hand, Lacedæmon, and of whom she was very fond. Thus my spear has been hurled in vain, and I have not disguised she plucked her by perfumed robe and killed him.”

said, “Come hither; Alexandrus says you are to go With this he flew at Alexandrus, caught him by to the house; he is on his bed in his own room, the horsehair plume of his helmet, and began drag-radiant with beauty and dressed in gorgeous ap-ging him towards the Achæans. The strap of the parel. No one would think he had just come from helmet that went under his chin was choking him, fighting, but rather that he was going to a dance, or and Menelaus would have dragged him off to his had done dancing and was sitting down.” own great glory had not Jove’s daughter Venus been With these words she moved the heart of Helen quick to mark and to break the strap of oxhide, so to anger. When she marked the beautiful neck of that the empty helmet came away in his hand. This the goddess, her lovely bosom, and sparkling eyes, he flung to his comrades among the Achæans, and she marvelled at her and said, “Goddess, why do was again springing upon Alexandrus to run him you thus beguile me? Are you going to send me through with a spear, but Venus snatched him up afield still further to some man whom you have 48

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taken up in Phrygia or fair Meonia? Menelaus has dess took a seat and set it for her facing Alexandrus.

just vanquished Alexandrus, and is to take my hate-On this Helen, daughter of ægis-bearing Jove, sat ful self back with him. You are come here to betray down, and with eyes askance began to upbraid her me. Go sit with Alexandrus yourself; henceforth be husband.

goddess no longer; never let your feet carry you back

“So you are come from the fight,” said she; “would to Olympus; worry about him and look after him that you had fallen rather by the hand of that brave till he make you his wife, or, for the matter of that, man who was my husband. You used to brag that his slave—but me? I shall not go; I can garnish his you were a better man with hands and spear than bed no longer; I should be a by-word among all the Menelaus. go, but I then, an challenge him again—

women of Troy. Besides, I have trouble on my mind.” but I should advise you not to do so, for if you are Venus was very angry, and said, “Bold hussy, do foolish enough to meet him in single combat, you not provoke me; if you do, I shall leave you to your will soon all by his spear.” fate and hate you as much as I have loved you. I And Paris answered, “Wife, do not vex me with will stir up fierce hatred between Trojans and your reproaches. This time, with the help of Achæans, and you shall come to a bad end.” Minerva, Menelaus has vanquished me; another At this Helen was frightened. She wrapped her time I may myself be victor, for I too have gods that mantle about her and went in silence, following the will stand by me. Come, let us lie down together goddess and unnoticed by the Trojan women.

and make friends. Never yet was I so passionately When they came to the house of Alexandrus the enamoured of you as at this moment—not even maid-servants set about their work, but Helen went when I first carried you off from Lacedæmon and into her own room, and the laughter-loving god-sailed away with you—not even when I had con-49

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verse with you upon the couch of love in the island BOOK IV

of Cranæ was I so enthralled by desire of you as now.” On this he led her towards the bed, and his NOW THE GODS were sitting with Jove in council upon wife went with him.

the golden floor while Hebe went round pouring Thus they laid themselves on the bed together; out nectar for them to drink, and as they pledged but the son of Atreus strode among the throng, look-one another in their cups of gold they looked down ing everywhere for Alexandrus, and no man, nei-upon the town of Troy. The son of Saturn then bether of the Trojans nor of the allies, could find him.

gan to tease Juno, talking at her so as to provoke If they had seen him they were in no mind to hide her. “Menelaus,” said he, “has two good friends him, for they all of them hated him as they did among the goddesses, Juno of Argos, and Minerva death itself. Then Agamemnon, king of men, spoke, of Alalcomene, but they only sit still and look on, saying, “Hear me, Trojans, Dardanians, and allies.

while Venus keeps ever by Alexandrus’ side to de-The victory has been with Menelaus; therefore give fend him in any danger; indeed she has just rescued back Helen with all her wealth, and pay such fine him when he made sure that it was all over with as shall be agreed upon, in testimony among them him—for the victory really did lie with Menelaus.

that shall be born hereafter.” We must consider what we shall do about all this; Thus spoke the son of Atreus, and the Achæans shall we set them fighting anew or make peace be-shouted in applause.

tween them? If you will agree to this last Menelaus can take back Helen and the city of Priam may remain still inhabited.”

Minerva and Juno muttered their discontent as 50

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they sat side by side hatching mischief for the Tro-giving in to you sorely against my will. Of all inhab-jans. Minerva scowled at her father, for she was in a ited cities under the sun and stars of heaven, there furious passion with him, and said nothing, but Juno was none that I so much respected as Ilius with Priam could not contain herself. “Dread son of Saturn,” and his whole people. Equitable feasts were never said she, “what, pray, is the meaning of all this? Is wanting about my altar, nor the savour of burning my trouble, then, to go for nothing, and the sweat fat, which is honour due to ourselves.” that I have sweated, to say nothing of my horses,

“My own three favourite cities,” answered Juno, while getting the people together against Priam and

“are Argos, Sparta, and Mycenæ. Sack them when-his children? Do as you will, but we other gods shall ever you may be displeased with them. I shall not not all of us approve your counsel.” defend them and I shall not care. Even if I did, and Jove was angry and answered, “My dear, what tried to stay you, I should take nothing by it, for you harm have Priam and his sons done you that you are much stronger than I am, but I will not have my are so hotly bent on sacking the city of Ilius? Will own work wasted. I too am a god and of the same nothing do for you but you must within their walls race with yourself. I am Saturn’s eldest daughter, and and eat Priam raw, with his sons and all the other am honourable not on this ground only, but also Trojans to boot? Have it your own way then; for I because I am your wife, and you are king over the would not have this matter become a bone of con-gods. Let it be a case, then, of give-and-take between tention between us. I say further, and lay my say-us, and the rest of the gods will follow our lead. Tell ing to your heart, if ever I want to sack a city be-Minerva to go and take part in the fight at once, and longing to friends of yours, you must not try to let her contrive that the Trojans shall be the first to stop me; you will have to let me do it, for I am break their oaths and set upon the Achæans.” 51

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The sire of gods and men heeded her words, and from the banks of the Æsopus, so she went close up said to Minerva, “Go at once into the Trojan and to him and said, “Brave son of Lycaon, will you do Achæan hosts, and contrive that the Trojans shall as I tell you? If you dare send an arrow at Menelaus be the first to break their oaths and set upon the you will win honour and thanks from all the Tro-Achæans.”

jans, and especially from prince Alexandrus—he This was what Minerva was already eager to do, would be the first to requite you very handsomely so down she darted from the topmost summits of if he could see Menelaus mount his funeral pyre, Olympus. She shot through the sky as some bril-slain by an arrow from your hand. Take your home liant meteor which the son of scheming Saturn has aim then, and pray to Lycian Apollo, the famous sent as a sign to mariners or to some great army, archer; vow that when you get home to your strong and a fiery train of light follows in its wake. The city of Zelea you will offer a hecatomb of firstling Trojans and Achæans were struck with awe as they lambs in his honour.”

beheld, and one would turn to his neighbour, say-His fool’s heart was persuaded, and he took his ing, “Either we shall again have war and din of com-bow from its case. This bow was made from the bat, or Jove the lord of battle will now make peace horns of a wild ibex which he had killed as it was between us.”

bounding from a rock; he had stalked it, and it had Thus did they converse. Then Minerva took the fallen as the arrow struck it to the heart. Its horns form of Laodocus, son of Antenor, and went through were sixteen palms long, and a worker in horn had the ranks of the Trojans to find Pandarus, the re-made them into a bow, smoothing them well down, doubtable son of Lycaon. She found him standing and giving them tips of gold. When Pandarus had among the stalwart heroes who had followed him strung his bow he laid it carefully on the ground, 52

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and his brave followers held their shields before him the golden buckles of the belt that passed over his lest the Achæans should set upon him before he double cuirass were fastened, so the arrow struck had shot Menelaus. Then he opened the lid of his the belt that went tightly round him. It went right quiver and took out a winged arrow that had yet through this and through the cuirass of cunning been shot, fraught with the pangs of death. He laid workmanship; it also pierced the belt beneath it, the arrow on the string and prayed to Lycian Apollo, which he wore next his skin to keep out darts or the famous archer, vowing that when he got home arrows; it was this that served him in the best stead, to his strong city of Zelea he would offer a hecatomb nevertheless the arrow went through it and grazed of firstling lambs in his honour. He laid the notch the top of the skin, so that blood began flowing of the arrow on the oxhide bowstring, and drew both from the wound.

notch and string to his breast till the arrow-head As when some woman of Meonia or Caria strains was near the bow; then when the bow was arched purple dye on to a piece of ivory that is to be the into a half-circle he let fly, and the bow twanged, cheek-piece of a horse, and is to be laid up in a and the string sang as the arrow flew gladly on over treasure house—many a knight is fain to bear it, the heads of the throng.

but the king keeps it as an ornament of which both But the blessed gods did not forget thee, O

horse and driver may be proud—even so, O

Menelaus, and Jove’s daughter, driver of the spoil, Menelaus, were your shapely thighs and your legs was the first to stand before thee and ward off the down to your fair ancles stained with blood.

piercing arrow. She turned it from his skin as a When King Agamemnon saw the blood flowing mother whisks a fly from off her child when it is from the wound he was afraid, and so was brave sleeping sweetly; she guided it to the part where Menelaus himself till he saw that the barbs of the 53

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arrow and the thread that bound the arrow-head to by-word, for the Achæans will at once go home. We the shaft were still outside the wound. Then he took shall leave Priam and the Trojans the glory of still heart, but Agamemnon heaved a deep sigh as he keeping Helen, and the earth will rot your bones as held Menelaus’s hand in his own, and his comrades you lie here at Troy with your purpose not fulfilled.

made moan in concert. “Dear brother, “he cried, “I Then shall some braggart Trojan leap upon your have been the death of you in pledging this cov-tomb and say, ‘Ever thus may Agamemnon wreak enant and letting you come forward as our cham-his vengeance; he brought his army in vain; he is pion. The Trojans have trampled on their oaths and gone home to his own land with empty ships, and have wounded you; nevertheless the oath, the blood has left Menelaus behind him.’ Thus will one of of lambs, the drink-offerings and the right hands of them say, and may the earth then swallow me.” fellowship in which have put our trust shall not be But Menelaus reassured him and said, “Take heart, vain. If he that rules Olympus fulfil it not here and and do not alarm the people; the arrow has not now, he. will yet fulfil it hereafter, and they shall struck me in a mortal part, for my outer belt of pay dearly with their lives and with their wives and burnished metal first stayed it, and under this my children. The day will surely come when mighty cuirass and the belt of mail which the bronze-smiths Ilius shall be laid low, with Priam and Priam’s made me.”

people, when the son of Saturn from his high throne And Agamemnon answered, “I trust, dear shall overshadow them with his awful ægis in pun-Menelaus, that it may be even so, but the surgeon ishment of their present treachery. This shall surely shall examine your wound and lay herbs upon it to be; but how, Menelaus, shall I mourn you, if it be relieve your pain.”

your lot now to die? I should return to Argos as a He then said to Talthybius, “Talthybius, tell 54

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Machaon, son to the great physician, Æsculapius, cuirass and the belt of mail which the bronze-smiths to come and see Menelaus immediately. Some Tro-had made; then, when he had seen the wound, he jan or Lycian archer has wounded him with an ar-wiped away the blood and applied some soothing row to our dismay, and to his own great glory.” drugs which Chiron had given to Æsculapius out of Talthybius did as he was told, and went about the good will he bore him.

the host trying to find Machaon. Presently he found While they were thus busy about Menelaus, the standing amid the brave warriors who had followed Trojans came forward against them, for they had him from Tricca; thereon he went up to him and put on their armour, and now renewed the fight.

said, “Son of Æsculapius, King Agamemnon says You would not have then found Agamemnon you are to come and see Menelaus immediately.

asleep nor cowardly and unwilling to fight, but ea-Some Trojan or Lycian archer has wounded him with ger rather for the fray. He left his chariot rich with an arrow to our dismay and to his own great glory.” bronze and his panting steeds in charge of Thus did he speak, and Machaon was moved to Eurymedon, son of Ptolemæus the son of Peiræus, go. They passed through the spreading host of the and bade him hold them in readiness against the Achæans and went on till they came to the place time his limbs should weary of going about and where Menelaus had been wounded and was lying giving orders to so many, for he went among the with the chieftains gathered in a circle round him.

ranks on foot. When he saw men hasting to the Machaon passed into the middle of the ring and at front he stood by them and cheered them on.

once drew the arrow from the belt, bending its barbs

“Argives,” said he, “slacken not one whit in your back through the force with which he pulled it out.

onset; father Jove will be no helper of liars; the Tro-He undid the burnished belt, and beneath this the jans have been the first to break their oaths and to 55

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attack us; therefore they shall be devoured of vul-Achæans, whether in war or in other things, or at tures; we shall take their city and carry off their table. When the princes are mixing my choicest wives and children in our ships.” wines in the mixing-bowls, they have each of them But he angrily rebuked those whom he saw shirk-a fixed allowance, but your cup is kept always full ing and disinclined to fight. “Argives,” he cried, “cow-like my own, that you may drink whenever you are ardly miserable creatures, have you no shame to minded. Go, therefore, into battle, and show your-stand here like frightened fawns who, when they self the man you have been always proud to be.” can no longer scud over the plain, huddle together, Idomeneus answered, “I will be a trusty comrade, but show no fight? You are as dazed and spiritless as I promised you from the first I would be. Urge as deer. Would you wait till the Trojans reach the on the other Achæans, that we may join battle at sterns of our ships as they lie on the shore, to see, once, for the Trojans have trampled upon their cov-whether the son of Saturn will hold his hand over enants. Death and destruction shall be theirs, see-you to protect you?”

ing they have been the first to break their oaths Thus did he go about giving his orders among the and to attack us.”

ranks. Passing through the crowd, he came presently The son of Atreus went on, glad at heart, till he on the Cretans, arming round Idomeneus, who was came upon the two Ajaxes arming themselves amid at their head, fierce as a wild boar, while Meriones a host of foot-soldiers. As when a goat-herd from was bringing up the battalions that were in the rear.

some high post watches a storm drive over the deep Agamemnon was glad when he saw him, and spoke before the west wind—black as pitch is the offing him fairly. “Idomeneus,” said he, “I treat you with and a mighty whirlwind draws towards him, so that greater distinction than I do any others of the he is afraid and drives his flock into a cave—even 56

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thus did the ranks of stalwart youths move in a avoid confusion. “Let no man,” he said, “relying on dark mass to battle under the Ajaxes, horrid with his strength or horsemanship, get before the others shield and spear. Glad was King Agamemnon when and engage singly with the Trojans, nor yet let him he saw them. “No need,” he cried, “to give orders lag behind or you will weaken your attack; but let to such leaders of the Argives as you are, for of your each when he meets an enemy’s chariot throw his own selves you spur your men on to fight with might spear from his own; this be much the best; this is and main. Would, by father Jove, Minerva, and how the men of old took towns and strongholds; in Apollo that all were so minded as you are, for the this wise were they minded.” city of Priam would then soon fall beneath our Thus did the old man charge them, for he had hands, and we should sack it.” been in many a fight, and King Agamemnon was With this he left them and went onward to Nestor, glad. “I wish,” he said to him, that your limbs were the facile speaker of the Pylians, who was marshal-as supple and your strength as sure as your judg-ling his men and urging them on, in company with ment is; but age, the common enemy of mankind, Pelagon, Alastor, Chromius, Hæmon, and Bias shep-has laid his hand upon you; would that it had fallen herd of his people. He placed his knights with their upon some other, and that you were still young.” chariots and horses in the front rank, while the foot-And Nestor, knight of Gerene, answered, “Son of soldiers, brave men and many, whom he could trust, Atreus, I too would gladly be the man I was when I were in the rear. The cowards he drove into the slew mighty Ereuthalion; but the gods will not give middle, that they might fight whether they would us everything at one and the same time. I was then or no. He gave his orders to the knights first, bid-young, and now I am old; still I can go with my ding them hold their horses well in hand, so as to knights and give them that counsel which old men 57

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have a right to give. The wielding of the spear I drink wine as long as you please, whereas now you leave to those who are younger and stronger than would not care though you saw ten columns of myself.”

Achæans engage the enemy in front of you.” Agamemnon went his way rejoicing, and presently Ulysses glared at him and answered, “Son of found Menestheus, son of Peteos, tarrying in his Atreus, what are you talking about? How can you place, and with him were the Athenians loud of say that we are slack? When the Achæans are in tongue in battle. Near him also tarried cunning full fight with the Trojans, you shall see, if you care Ulysses, with his sturdy Cephallenians round him; to do so, that the father of Telemachus will join they had not yet heard the battle-cry, for the ranks battle with the foremost of them. You are talking of Trojans and Achæans had only just begun to idly.”

move, so they were standing still, waiting for some When Agamemnon saw that Ulysses was angry, other columns of the Achæans to attack the Tro-he smiled pleasantly at him and withdrew his words.

jans and begin the fighting. When he saw this

“Ulysses,” said he, “noble son of Lærtes, excellent Agamemnon rebuked them and said, “Son of Peteos, in all good counsel, I have neither fault to find nor and you other, steeped in cunning, heart of guile, orders to give you, for I know your heart is right, why stand you here cowering and waiting on oth-and that you and I are of a mind. Enough; I will ers? You two should be of all men foremost when make you amends for what I have said, and if any there is hard fighting to be done, for you are ever ill has now been spoken may the gods bring it to foremost to accept my invitation when we council-nothing.”

lors of the Achæans are holding feast. You are glad He then left them and went on to others. Pres-enough then to take your fill of roast meats and to ently he saw the son of Tydeus, noble Diomed, 58

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standing by his chariot and horses, with Sthenelus he knew no fear on finding himself single-handed the son of Capaneus beside him; whereon he began among so many, but challenged them to contests of to upbraid him. “Son of Tydeus,” he said, “why all kinds, and in each one of them was at once vic-stand you cowering here upon the brink of battle?

torious, so mightily did Minerva help him. The Tydeus did not shrink thus, but was ever ahead of Cadmeans were incensed at his success, and set a his men when leading them on against the foe—so, force of fifty youths with two captains—the god-at least, say they that saw him in battle, for I never like hero Mæon, son of Hæmon, and Polyphontes, set eyes upon him myself. They say that there was son of Autophonus—at their head, to lie in wait for no man like him. He came once to Mycenæ, not as him on his return journey; but Tydeus slew every an enemy but as a guest, in company with Polynices man of them, save only Mæon, whom he let go in to recruit his forces, for they were levying war against obedience to heaven’s omens. Such was Tydeus of the strong city of Thebes, and prayed our people Ætolia. His son can talk more glibly, but he cannot for a body of picked men to help them. The men of fight as his father did.”

Mycenæ were willing to let them have one, but Jove Diomed made no answer, for he was shamed by dissuaded them by showing them unfavourable the rebuke of Agamemnon; but the son of Capaneus omens. Tydeus, therefore, and Polynices went their took up his words and said, “Son of Atreus, tell no way. When they had got as far the deep-meadowed lies, for you can speak truth if you will. We boast and rush-grown banks of the Æsopus, the Achæans ourselves as even better men than our fathers; we sent Tydeus as their envoy, and he found the took seven-gated Thebes, though the wall was stron-Cadmeans gathered in great numbers to a banquet ger and our men were fewer in number, for we in the house of Eteocles. Stranger though he was, trusted in the omens of the gods and in the help of 59

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Jove, whereas they perished through their own the host was, it seemed as though there was not a sheer folly; hold not, then, our fathers in like tongue among them, so silent were they in their honour with us.”

obedience; and as they marched the armour about Diomed looked sternly at him and said, “Hold their bodies glistened in the sun. But the clamour your peace, my friend, as I bid you. It is not amiss of the Trojan ranks was as that of many thousand that Agamemnon should urge the Achæans forward, ewes that stand waiting to be milked in the yards for the glory will be his if we take the city, and his of some rich flockmaster, and bleat incessantly in the shame if we are vanquished. Therefore let us answer to the bleating of their lambs; for they had acquit ourselves with valour.” not one speech nor language, but their tongues were As he spoke he sprang from his chariot, and his diverse, and they came from many different places.

armour rang so fiercely about his body that even a These were inspired of Mars, but the others by brave man might well have been scared to hear it.

Minerva—and with them came Panic, Rout, and As when some mighty wave that thunders on the Strife whose fury never tires, sister and friend of beach when the west wind has lashed it into fury—

murderous Mars, who, from being at first but low it has reared its head afar and now comes crashing in stature, grows till she uprears her head to heaven, down on the shore; it bows its arching crest high though her feet are still on earth. She it was that over the jagged rocks and spews its salt foam in all went about among them and flung down discord to directions—even so did the serried phalanxes of the the waxing of sorrow with even hand between them.

Danaans march steadfastly to battle. The chiefs gave When they were got together in one place shield orders each to his own people, but the men said clashed with shield and spear with spear in the rage never a word; no man would think it, for huge as of battle. The bossed shields beat one upon another, 60

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and there was a tramp as of a great multitude—

stooped his side was left unprotected by his shield—

death-cry and shout of triumph of slain and slay-and thus he perished. Then the fight between Tro-ers, and the earth ran red with blood. As torrents jans and Achæans grew furious over his body, and swollen with rain course madly down their deep they flew upon each other like wolves, man and channels till the angry floods meet in some gorge, man crushing one upon the other.

and the shepherd the hillside hears their roaring Forthwith Ajax, son of Telamon, slew the fair from afar—even such was the toil and uproar of the youth Simoeisius, son of Anthemion, whom his hosts as they joined in battle.

mother bore by the banks of the Simois, as she was First Antilochus slew an armed warrior of the Tro-coming down from Mt. Ida, where she had been jans, Echepolus, son of Thalysius, fighting in the with her parents to see their flocks. Therefore he foremost ranks. He struck at the projecting part of was named Simoeisius, but he did not live to pay his helmet and drove the spear into his brow; the his parents for his rearing, for he was cut off un-point of bronze pierced the bone, and darkness timely by the spear of mighty Ajax, who struck him veiled his eyes; headlong as a tower he fell amid the in the breast by the right nipple as he was coming press of the fight, and as he dropped King Elephenor, on among the foremost fighters; the spear went right son of Chalcodon and captain of the proud Abantes through his shoulder, and he fell as a poplar that began dragging him out of reach of the darts that has grown straight and tall in a meadow by some were falling around him, in haste to strip him of his mere, and its top is thick with branches. Then the armour. But his purpose was not for long; Agenor wheelwright lays his axe to its roots that he may saw him haling the body away, and smote him in fashion a felloe for the wheel of some goodly chariot, the side with his bronze-shod spear—for as he and it lies seasoning by the waterside. In such wise 61

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did Ajax fell to earth Simoeisius, son of Anthemion.

and drew off the dead, pressing further forward as Thereon Antiphus of the gleaming corslet, son of they did so. But Apollo looked down from Pergamus Priam, hurled a spear at Ajax from amid the crowd and called aloud to the Trojans, for he was dis-and missed him, but he hit Leucus, the brave com-pleased. “Trojans,” he cried, “rush on the foe, and rade of Ulysses, in the groin, as he was dragging the do not let yourselves be thus beaten by the Argives.

body of Simoeisius over to the other side; so he fell Their skins are not stone nor iron that when hit upon the body and loosed his hold upon it. Ulysses them you do them no harm. Moreover, Achilles, was furious when he saw Leucus slain, and strode the son of lovely Thetis, is not fighting, but is nursin full armour through the front ranks till he was ing his anger at the ships.” quite close; then he glared round about him and Thus spoke the mighty god, crying to them from took aim, and the Trojans fell back as he did so. His the city, while Jove’s redoubtable daughter, the Trito-dart was not sped in vain, for it struck Democoon, born, went about among the host of the Achæans, the bastard son of Priam, who had come to him and urged them forward whenever she beheld them from Abydos, where he had charge of his father’s slackening.

mares. Ulysses, infuriated by the death of his com-Then fate fell upon Diores, son of Amarynceus, rade, hit him with his spear on one temple, and the for he was struck by a jagged stone near the ancle bronze point came through on the other side of his of his right leg. He that hurled it was Peirous, son forehead. Thereon darkness veiled his eyes, and his of Imbrasus, captain of the Thracians, who had come armour rang rattling round him as he fell heavily to from Ænus; the bones and both the tendons were the ground. Hector, and they that were in front, crushed by the pitiless stone. He fell to the ground then gave round while the Argives raised a shout on his back, and in his death throes stretched out 62

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his hands towards his comrades. But Peirous, who the hand, and protecting him from the storm of had wounded him, sprang on him and thrust a spear spears and arrows. For many Trojans and Achæans into his belly, so that his bowels came gushing out on that day lay stretched side by side face down-upon the ground, and darkness veiled his eyes. As wards upon the earth.

he was leaving the body, Thoas of Ætolia struck him in the chest near the nipple, and the point fixed BOOK V

itself in his lungs. Thoas came close up to him, pulled the spear out of his chest, and then drawing THEN PALLAS MINERVA put valour into the heart of his sword, smote him in the middle of the belly so Diomed, son of Tydeus, that he might excel all the that he died; but he did not strip him of his armour, other Argives, and cover himself with glory. She for his Thracian comrades, men who wear their hair made a stream of fire flare from his shield and hel-in a tuft at the top of their heads, stood round the met like the star that shines most brilliantly in sum-body and kept him off with their long spears for all mer after its bath in the waters of Oceanus—even his great stature and valour; so he was driven back.

such a fire did she kindle upon his head and shoul-Thus the two corpses lay stretched on earth near to ders as she bade him speed into the thickest hurly-one another, the one captain of the Thracians and burly of the fight.

the other of the Epeans; and many another fell Now there was a certain rich and honourable man round them.

among the Trojans, priest of Vulcan, and his name And now no man would have made light of the was Dares. He had two sons, Phegeus and Idæus, fighting if he could have gone about among it scathe-both of them skilled in all the arts of war. These less and unwounded, with Minerva leading him by two came forward from the main body of Trojans, 63

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and set upon Diomed, he being on foot, while they Let us go away, and thus avoid his anger.” fought from their chariot. When they were close up So saying, she drew Mars out of the battle, and to one another, Phegeus took aim first, but his spear set him down upon the steep banks of the went over Diomed’s left shoulder without hitting Scamander. Upon this the Danaans drove the Tro-him. Diomed then threw, and his spear sped not in jans back, and each one of their chieftains killed vain, for it hit Phegeus on the breast near the nipple, his man. First King Agamemnon flung mighty and he fell from his chariot. Idæus did not dare to Odius, captain of the Halizoni, from his chariot.

bestride his brother’s body, but sprang from the The spear of Agamemnon caught him on the broad chariot and took to flight, or he would have shared of his back, just as he was turning in flight; it struck his brother’s fate; whereon Vulcan saved him by him between the shoulders and went right through wrapping him in a cloud of darkness, that his old his chest, and his armour rang rattling round him father might not be utterly overwhelmed with grief; as he fell heavily to the ground.

but the son of Tydeus drove off with the horses, Then Idomeneus killed Phæsus, son of Borus the and bade his followers take them to the ships. The Meonian, who had come from Varne. Mighty Trojans were scared when they saw the two sons of Idomeneus speared him on the right shoulder as he Dares, one of them in fright and the other lying was mounting his chariot, and the darkness of death dead by his chariot. Minerva, therefore, took Mars enshrouded him as he fell heavily from the car.

by the hand and said, “Mars, Mars, bane of men, The squires of Idomeneus spoiled him of his bloodstained stormer of cities, may we not now leave armour, while Menelaus, son of Atreus, killed the Trojans and Achæans to fight it out, and see to Scamandrius the son of Strophius, a mighty hunts-which of the two Jove will vouchsafe the victory?

man and keen lover of the chase. Diana herself had 64

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taught him how to kill every kind of wild creature up by Theano as one of her own children, for the that is bred in mountain forests, but neither she love she bore her husband. The son of Phyleus got nor his famed skill in archery could now save him, close up to him and drove a spear into the nape of for the spear of Menelaus struck him in the back as his neck: it went under his tongue all among his he was flying; it struck him between the shoulders teeth, so he bit the cold bronze, and fell dead in the and went right through his chest, so that he fell dust.

headlong and his armour rang rattling round him.

And Eurypylus, son of Euæmon, killed Hypsenor, Meriones then killed Phereclus the son of Tecton, the son of noble Dolopion, who had been made who was the son of Hermon, a man whose hand priest of the river Scamander, and was honoured was skilled in all manner of cunning workmanship, among the people as though he were a god.

for Pallas Minerva had dearly loved him. He it was Eurypylus gave him chase as he was flying before that made the ships for Alexandrus, which were the him, smote him with his sword upon the arm, and beginning of all mischief, and brought evil alike both lopped his strong hand from off it. The bloody hand on the Trojans and on Alexandrus himself; for he fell to the ground, and the shades of death, with heeded not the decrees of heaven. Meriones over-fate that no man can withstand, came over his eyes.

took him as he was flying, and struck him on the Thus furiously did the battle rage between them.

right buttock. The point of the spear went through As for the son of Tydeus, you could not say whether the bone into the bladder, and death came upon he was more among the Achæans or the Trojans.

him as he cried aloud and fell forward on his knees.

He rushed across the plain like a winter torrent that Meges, moreover, slew Pedæus, son of Antenor, has burst its barrier in full flood; no dykes, no walls who, though he was a bastard, had been brought of fruitful vineyards can embank it when it is swol-65

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len with rain from heaven, but in a moment it comes Sthenelus sprang from his chariot, and drew the tearing onward, and lays many a field waste that arrow from the wound, whereon the blood came many a strong man hand has reclaimed—even so spouting out through the hole that had been made were the dense phalanxes of the Trojans driven in in his shirt. Then Diomed prayed, saying, “Hear rout by the son of Tydeus, and many though they me, daughter of ægis-bearing Jove, unweariable, if were, they dared not abide his onslaught.

ever you loved my father well and stood by him in Now when the son of Lycaon saw him scouring the thick of a fight, do the like now by me; grant the plain and driving the Trojans pell-mell before him, me to come within a spear’s throw of that man and he aimed an arrow and hit the front part of his cui-kill him. He has been too quick for me and has rass near the shoulder: the arrow went right through wounded me; and now he is boasting that I shall the metal and pierced the flesh, so that the cuirass not see the light of the sun much longer.” was covered with blood. On this the son of Lycaon Thus he prayed, and Pallas Minerva heard him; she shouted in triumph, “Knights Trojans, come on; the made his limbs supple and quickened his hands and bravest of the Achæans is wounded, and he will not his feet. Then she went up close to him and said, “Fear hold out much longer if King Apollo was indeed with not, Diomed, to do battle with the Trojans, for I have me when I sped from Lycia hither.” set in your heart the spirit of your knightly father Thus did he vaunt; but his arrow had not killed Tydeus. Moreover, I have withdrawn the veil from your Diomed, who withdrew and made for the chariot eyes, that you know gods and men apart. If, then, any and horses of Sthenelus, the son of Capaneus. “Dear other god comes here and offers you battle, do not son of Capaneus,” said he, “come down from your fight him; but should Jove’s daughter Venus come, strike chariot, and draw the arrow out of my shoulder.” her with your spear and wound her.” 66

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When she had said this Minerva went away, and Diomed made an end of them. He then gave chase the son of Tydeus again took his place among the to Xanthus and Thoon, the two sons of Phænops, foremost fighters, three times more fierce even than both of them very dear to him, for he was now worn he had been before. He was like a lion that some out with age, and begat no more sons to inherit his mountain shepherd has wounded, but not killed, possessions. But Diomed took both their lives and as he is springing over the wall of a sheep-yard to left their father sorrowing bitterly, for he nevermore attack the sheep. The shepherd has roused the brute saw them come home from battle alive, and his kins-to fury but cannot defend his flock, so he takes men divided his wealth among themselves.

shelter under cover of the buildings, while the sheep, Then he came upon two sons of Priam, panic-stricken on being deserted, are smothered in Echemmon and Chromius, as they were both in one heaps one on top of the other, and the angry lion chariot. He sprang upon them as a lion fastens on leaps out over the sheep-yard wall. Even thus did the neck of some cow or heifer when the herd is Diomed go furiously about among the Trojans.

feeding in a coppice. For all their vain struggles he He killed Astynous, and shepherd of his people, flung them both from their chariot and stripped the one with a thrust of his spear, which struck him the armour from their bodies. Then he gave their above the nipple, the other with a sword—cut on horses to his comrades to take them back to the the collar-bone, that severed his shoulder from his ships.

neck and back. He let both of them lie, and went in When Æneas saw him thus making havoc among pursuit of Abas and Polyidus, sons of the old reader the ranks, he went through the fight amid the rain of dreams Eurydamas: they never came back for of spears to see if he could find Pandarus. When he him to read them any more dreams, for mighty had found the brave son of Lycaon he said, 67

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“Pandarus, where is now your bow, your winged send him hurrying to the world below, but it seems arrows, and your renown as an archer, in respect of that I have not killed him. There must be a god which no man here can rival you nor is there any in who is angry with me. Moreover I have neither horse Lycia that can beat you? Lift then your hands to nor chariot. In my father’s stables there are eleven Jove and send an arrow at this fellow who is going excellent chariots, fresh from the builder, quite new, so masterfully about, and has done such deadly work with cloths spread over them; and by each of them among the Trojans. He has killed many a brave there stand a pair of horses, champing barley and man—unless indeed he is some god who is angry rye; my old father Lycaon urged me again and again with the Trojans about their sacrifices, and and has when I was at home and on the point of starting, to set his hand against them in his displeasure.” take chariots and horses with me that I might lead And the son of Lycaon answered, “Æneas, I take the Trojans in battle, but I would not listen to him; him for none other than the son of Tydeus. I know it would have been much better if I had done so, him by his shield, the visor of his helmet, and by but I was thinking about the horses, which had been his horses. It is possible that he may be a god, but if used to eat their fill, and I was afraid that in such a he is the man I say he is, he is not making all this great gathering of men they might be ill-fed, so I havoc without heaven’s help, but has some god by left them at home and came on foot to Ilius armed his side who is shrouded in a cloud of darkness, only with my bow and arrows. These it seems, are and who turned my arrow aside when it had hit of no use, for I have already hit two chieftains, the him. I have taken aim at him already and hit him sons of Atreus and of Tydeus, and though I drew on the right shoulder; my arrow went through the blood surely enough, I have only made them still breastpiece of his cuirass; and I made sure I should more furious. I did ill to take my bow down from 68

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its peg on the day I led my band of Trojans to Ilius of the fight. The son of Tydeus will then kill both in Hector’s service, and if ever I get home again to of us and take the horses. Therefore drive them set eyes on my native place, my wife, and the great-yourself and I will be ready for him with my spear.” ness of my house, may some one cut my head off They then mounted the chariot and drove full-then and there if I do not break the bow and set it speed towards the son of Tydeus. Sthenelus, son of on a hot fire—such pranks as it plays me.” Capaneus, saw them coming and said to Diomed, Æneas answered, “Say no more. Things will not

“Diomed, son of Tydeus, man after my own heart, I mend till we two go against this man with chariot see two heroes speeding towards you, both of them and horses and bring him to a trial of arms. Mount men of might the one a skilful archer, Pandarus son my chariot, and note how cleverly the horses of Tros of Lycaon, the other, Æneas, whose sire is Anchises, can speed hither and thither over the plain in pur-while his mother is Venus. Mount the chariot and suit or flight. If Jove again vouchsafes glory to the let us retreat. Do not, I pray you, press so furiously son of Tydeus they will carry us safely back to the forward, or you may get killed.” city. Take hold, then, of the whip and reins while I Diomed looked angrily at him and answered: stand upon the car to fight, or else do you wait this

“Talk not of flight, for I shall not listen to you: I am man’s onset while I look after the horses.” of a race that knows neither flight nor fear, and my

“Æneas.” replied the son of Lycaon, “take the reins limbs are as yet unwearied. I am in no mind to and drive; if we have to fly before the son of Tydeus mount, but will go against them even as I am; Pallas the horses will go better for their own driver. If they Minerva bids me be afraid of no man, and even miss the sound of your voice when they expect it though one of them escape, their steeds shall not they may be frightened, and refuse to take us out take both back again. I say further, and lay my say-69

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ing to your heart—if Minerva sees fit to vouchsafe reached the breastplate. Thereon the son of Lycaon me the glory of killing both, stay your horses here shouted out and said, “You are hit clean through and make the reins fast to the rim of the chariot; the belly; you will not stand out for long, and the then be sure you spring Æneas’ horses and drive glory of the fight is mine.” them from the Trojan to the Achæan ranks. They But Diomed all undismayed made answer, “You are of the stock that great Jove gave to Tros in pay-have missed, not hit, and before you two see the ment for his son Ganymede, and are the finest that end of this matter one or other of you shall glut live and move under the sun. King Anchises stole tough-shielded Mars with his blood.” the blood by putting his mares to them without With this he hurled his spear, and Minerva guided Laomedon’s knowledge, and they bore him six foals.

it on to Pandarus’s nose near the eye. It went crash-Four are still in his stables, but he gave the other ing in among his white teeth; the bronze point cut two to Æneas. We shall win great glory if we can through the root of his to tongue, coming out untake them.”

der his chin, and his glistening armour rang rattling Thus did they converse, but the other two had round him as he fell heavily to the ground. The now driven close up to them, and the son of Lycaon horses started aside for fear, and he was reft of life spoke first. “Great and mighty son,” said he, “of and strength.

noble Tydeus, my arrow failed to lay you low, so I Æneas sprang from his chariot armed with shield will now try with my spear.” and spear, fearing lest the Achæans should carry He poised his spear as he spoke and hurled it off the body. He bestrode it as a lion in the pride of from him. It struck the shield of the son of Tydeus; strength, with shield and on spear before him and a the bronze point pierced it and passed on till it cry of battle on his lips resolute to kill the first that 70

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should dare face him. But the son of Tydeus caught of the orders that Diomed had given him. He made up a mighty stone, so huge and great that as men his own horses fast, away from the hurly-burly, by now are it would take two to lift it; nevertheless he binding the reins to the rim of the chariot. Then he bore it aloft with ease unaided, and with this he sprang upon Æneas’s horses and drove them from struck Æneas on the groin where the hip turns in the Trojan to the Achæan ranks. When he had so the joint that is called the “cup-bone.” The stone done he gave them over to his chosen comrade crushed this joint, and broke both the sinews, while Deipylus, whom he valued above all others as the its jagged edges tore away all the flesh. The hero one who was most like-minded with himself, to take fell on his knees, and propped himself with his hand them on to the ships. He then remounted his own resting on the ground till the darkness of night fell chariot, seized the reins, and drove with all speed upon his eyes. And now Æneas, king of men, would in search of the son of Tydeus.

have perished then and there, had not his mother, Now the son of Tydeus was in pursuit of the Jove’s daughter Venus, who had conceived him by Cyprian goddess, spear in hand, for he knew her to Anchises when he was herding cattle, been quick to be feeble and not one of those goddesses that can mark, and thrown her two white arms about the lord it among men in battle like Minerva or Enyo body of her dear son. She protected him by cover-the waster of cities, and when at last after a long ing him with a fold of her own fair garment, lest chase he caught her up, he flew at her and thrust some Danaan should drive a spear into his breast his spear into the flesh of her delicate hand. The and kill him.

point tore through the ambrosial robe which the Thus, then, did she bear her dear son out of the Graces had woven for her, and pierced the skin be-fight. But the son of Capaneus was not unmindful tween her wrist and the palm of her hand, so that 71

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the immortal blood, or ichor, that flows in the veins your horses to take me to Olympus where the gods of the blessed gods, came pouring from the wound; dwell. I am badly wounded by a mortal, the son of for the gods do not eat bread nor drink wine, hence Tydeus, who would now fight even with father Jove.” they have no blood such as ours, and are immortal.

Thus she spoke, and Mars gave her his gold-bedi-Venus screamed aloud, and let her son fall, but zened steeds. She mounted the chariot sick and Phoebus Apollo caught him in his arms, and hid sorry at heart, while Iris sat beside her and took him in a cloud of darkness, lest some Danaan should the reins in her hand. She lashed her horses on and drive a spear into his breast and kill him; and they flew forward nothing loth, till in a trice they Diomed shouted out as he left her, “Daughter of were at high Olympus, where the gods have their Jove, leave war and battle alone, can you not be dwelling. There she stayed them, unloosed them contented with beguiling silly women? If you from the chariot, and gave them their ambrosial meddle with fighting you will get what will make forage; but Venus flung herself on to the lap of her you shudder at the very name of war.” mother Dione, who threw her arms about her and The goddess went dazed and discomfited away, caressed her, saying, “Which of the heavenly be-and Iris, fleet as the wind, drew her from the throng, ings has been treating you in this way, as though in pain and with her fair skin all besmirched. She you had been doing something wrong in the face of found fierce Mars waiting on the left of the battle, day?”

with his spear and his two fleet steeds resting on a And laughter-loving Venus answered, “Proud cloud; whereon she fell on her knees before her Diomed, the son of Tydeus, wounded me because I brother and implored him to let her have his horses.

was bearing my dear son Æneas, whom I love best

“Dear brother,” she cried, “save me, and give me of all mankind, out of the fight. The war is no longer 72

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one between Trojans and Achæans, for the Danaans him great anguish till Pæeon healed him by spread-have now taken to fighting with the immortals.” ing soothing herbs on the wound, for Hades was

“Bear it, my child,” replied Dione, “and make the not of mortal mould. Daring, head-strong, evildoer best of it. We dwellers in Olympus have to put up who recked not of his sin in shooting the gods that with much at the hands of men, and we lay much dwell in Olympus. And now Minerva has egged this suffering on one another. Mars had to suffer when son of Tydeus on against yourself, fool that he is for Otus and Ephialtes, children of Aloeus, bound him not reflecting that no man who fights with gods in cruel bonds, so that he lay thirteen months im-will live long or hear his children prattling about prisoned in a vessel of bronze. Mars would have his knees when he returns from battle. Let, then, then perished had not fair Eeriboea, stepmother to the son of Tydeus see that he does not have to fight the sons of Aloeus, told Mercury, who stole him with one who is stronger than you are. Then shall away when he was already well-nigh worn out by his brave wife Ægialeia, daughter of Adrestus, rouse the severity of his bondage. Juno, again, suffered her whole house from sleep, wailing for the loss of when the mighty son of Amphitryon wounded her her wedded lord, Diomed the bravest of the on the right breast with a three-barbed arrow, and Achæans.”

nothing could assuage her pain. So, also, did huge So saying, she wiped the ichor from the wrist of Hades, when this same man, the son of ægis-bear-her daughter with both hands, whereon the pain ing Jove, hit him with an arrow even at the gates of left her, and her hand was healed. But Minerva and hell, and hurt him badly. Thereon Hades went to Juno, who were looking on, began to taunt Jove with the house of Jove on great Olympus, angry and full their mocking talk, and Minerva was first to speak.

of pain; and the arrow in his brawny shoulder caused

“Father Jove,” said she, “do not be angry with me, 73

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but I think the Cyprian must have been persuading match yourself against gods, for men that walk the some one of the Achæan women to go with the earth cannot hold their own with the immortals.” Trojans of whom she is so very fond, and while caThe son of Tydeus then gave way for a little space, ressing one or other of them she must have torn her to avoid the anger of the god, while Apollo took delicate hand with the gold pin of the woman’s Æneas out of the crowd and set him in sacred brooch.”

Pergamus, where his temple stood. There, within The sire of gods and men smiled, and called golden the mighty sanctuary, Latona and Diana healed him Venus to his side. “My child,” said he, “it has not and made him glorious to behold, while Apollo of been given you to be a warrior. Attend, henceforth, the silver bow fashioned a wraith in the likeness of to your own delightful matrimonial duties, and leave Æneas, and armed as he was. Round this the Tro-all this fighting to Mars and to Minerva.” jans and Achæans hacked at the bucklers about one Thus did they converse. But Diomed sprang upon another’s breasts, hewing each other’s round shields Æneas, though he knew him to be in the very arms and light hide-covered targets. Then Phoebus Apollo of Apollo. Not one whit did he fear the mighty god, said to Mars, “Mars, Mars, bane of men, blood-so set was he on killing Æneas and stripping him of stained stormer of cities, can you not go to this his armour. Thrice did he spring forward with might man, the son of Tydeus, who would now fight even and main to slay him, and thrice did Apollo beat with father Jove, and draw him out of the battle?

back his gleaming shield. When he was coming on He first went up to the Cyprian and wounded her for the fourth time, as though he were a god, Apollo in the hand near her wrist, and afterwards sprang shouted to him with an awful voice and said, “Take upon me too, as though he were a god.” heed, son of Tydeus, and draw off; think not to He then took his seat on the top of Pergamus, 74

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while murderous Mars went about among the ranks stand my ground against any who would fight me of the Trojans, cheering them on, in the likeness of though I have nothing here for the Achæans to plun-fleet Acamas chief of the Thracians. “Sons of Priam,” der, while you look on, without even bidding your said he, “how long will you let your people be thus men stand firm in defence of their wives. See that slaughtered by the Achæans? Would you wait till you fall not into the hands of your foes as men they are at the walls of Troy? Æneas the son of caught in the meshes of a net, and they sack your Anchises has fallen, he whom we held in as high fair city forthwith. Keep this before your mind night honour as Hector himself. Help me, then, to rescue and day, and beseech the captains of your allies to our brave comrade from the stress of the fight.” hold on without flinching, and thus put away their With these words he put heart and soul into them reproaches from you.”

all. Then Sarpedon rebuked Hector very sternly.

So spoke Sarpedon, and Hector smarted under

“Hector,” said he, “where is your prowess now? You his words. He sprang from his chariot clad in his used to say that though you had neither people nor suit of armour, and went about among the host bran-allies you could hold the town alone with your dishing his two spears, exhorting the men to fight brothers and brothers-in-law. I see not one of them and raising the terrible cry of battle. Then they ral-here; they cower as hounds before a lion; it is we, lied and again faced the Achæans, but the Argives your allies, who bear the brunt of the battle. I have stood compact and firm, and were not driven back.

come from afar, even from Lycia and the banks of As the breezes sport with the chaff upon some the river Xanthus, where I have left my wife, my goodly threshing-floor, when men are winnowing—

infant son, and much wealth to tempt whoever is while yellow Ceres blows with the wind to sift the needy; nevertheless, I head my Lycian soldiers and chaff from the grain, and the chaff—heaps grow 75