The Complete Aristotle HTML version

About Aristotle:
Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher, a student of
Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many sub-
jects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhet-
oric, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Together with
Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle is one of the most import-
ant founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle's writings consti-
tute a first at creating a comprehensive system of Western philosophy,
encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and
metaphysics. Aristotle's views on the physical sciences profoundly
shaped medieval scholarship, and their influence extended well into the
Renaissance, although they were ultimately replaced by Newtonian
physics. In the biological sciences, some of his observations were con-
firmed to be accurate only in the nineteenth century. His works contain
the earliest known formal study of logic, which was incorporated in the
late nineteenth century into modern formal logic. In metaphysics, Aris-
totelianism had a profound influence on philosophical and theological
thinking in the Islamic and Jewish traditions in the Middle Ages, and it
continues to influence Christian theology, especially Eastern Orthodox
theology, and the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. His ethics,
though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern ad-
vent of virtue ethics. All aspects of Aristotle's philosophy continue to be
the object of active academic study today. Though Aristotle wrote many
elegant treatises and dialogues (Cicero described his literary style as "a
river of gold"), it is thought that the majority of his writings are now lost
and only about one-third of the original works have survived. Despite
the far-reaching appeal that Aristotle's works have traditionally enjoyed,
today modern scholarship questions a substantial portion of the Aris-
totelian corpus as authentically Aristotle's own.
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