The Argonautica by Apollonius Rhodius - HTML preview
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(ll. 18-22) The ship, as former bards relate, Argus (ll. 1-4) Beginning with thee, O Phoebus, I will re-wrought by the guidance of Athena. But now I will tell count the famous deeds of men of old, who, at the be-the lineage and the names of the heroes, and of the hest of King Pelias, down through the mouth of Pontus long sea-paths and the deeds they wrought in their and between the Cyanean rocks, sped well-benched wanderings; may the Muses be the inspirers of my song!
Argo in quest of the golden fleece.
(ll. 23-34) First then let us name Orpheus whom once (ll. 5-17) Such was the oracle that Pelias heard, that a Calliope bare, it is said, wedded to Thracian Oeagrus, hateful doom awaited him to be slain at the prompting near the Pimpleian height. Men say that he by the music of the man whom he should see coming forth from the of his songs charmed the stubborn rocks upon the moun-people with but one sandal. And no long time after, in tains and the course of rivers. And the wild oak-trees to accordance with that true report, Jason crossed the this day, tokens of that magic strain, that grow at Zone on stream of wintry Anaurus on foot, and saved one san-the Thracian shore, stand in ordered ranks close together, dal from the mire, but the other he left in the depths the same which under the charm of his lyre he led down held back by the flood. And straightway he came to from Pieria. Such then was Orpheus whom Aeson’s son Pelias to share the banquet which the king was offer-welcomed to share his toils, in obedience to the behest of ing to his father Poseidon and the rest of the gods, Cheiron, Orpheus ruler of Bistonian Pieria.
though he paid no honour to Pelasgian Hera. Quickly 8
(ll. 35-39) Straightway came Asterion, whom Cometes (ll. 51-56) Nor at Alope stayed the sons of Hermes, begat by the waters of eddying Apidanus; he dwelt at rich in corn-land, well skilled in craftiness, Erytus and Peiresiae near the Phylleian mount, where mighty Echion, and with them on their departure their kins-Apidanus and bright Enipeus join their streams, comman Aethalides went as the third; him near the streams ing together from afar.
of Amphrysus Eupolemeia bare, the daughter of Myr-midon, from Phthia; the two others were sprung from (ll. 40-44) Next to them from Larisa came Polyphemus, Antianeira, daughter of Menetes.
son of Eilatus, who aforetime among the mighty Lapithae, when they were arming themselves against (ll. 57-64) From rich Gyrton came Coronus, son of the Centaurs, fought in his younger days; now his limbs Caeneus, brave, but not braver than his father. For were grown heavy with age, but his martial spirit still bards relate that Caeneus though still living perished remained, even as of old.
at the hands of the Centaurs, when apart from other chiefs he routed them; and they, rallying against him, (ll. 45-48) Nor was Iphiclus long left behind in Phylace, could neither bend nor slay him; but unconquered and the uncle of Aeson’s son; for Aeson had wedded his unflinching he passed beneath the earth, overwhelmed sister Alcimede, daughter of Phylacus: his kinship with by the downrush of massy pines.
her bade him be numbered in the host.
(ll. 49-50) Nor did Admetus, the lord of Pherae rich in (ll. 65-68) There came too Titaresian Mopsus, whom sheep, stay behind beneath the peak of the above all men the son of Leto taught the augury of Chalcodonian mount.
birds; and Eurydamas the son of Ctimenus; he dwelt at Dolopian Ctimene near the Xynian lake.
(ll. 69-70) Moreover Actor sent his son Menoetius from selves, the warders of Oechalia, sons of Eurytus the Opus that he might accompany the chiefs.
ruthless, Eurytus, to whom the Far-shooting god gave his bow; but he had no joy of the gift; for of his own (ll. 71-76) Eurytion followed and strong Eribotes, one choice he strove even with the giver.
the son of Teleon, the other of Irus, Actor’s son; the son of Teleon renowned Eribotes, and of Irus Eurytion.
(ll. 90-94) After them came the sons of Aeacus, not A third with them was Oileus, peerless in courage and both together, nor from the same spot; for they settled well skilled to attack the flying foe, when they break far from Aegina in exile, when in their folly they had their ranks.
slain their brother Phoeus. Telamon dwelt in the Attic island; but Peleus departed and made his home in (ll. 77-85) Now from Euboea came Canthus eager for Phthia.
the quest, whom Canethus son of Abas sent; but he was not destined to return to Cerinthus. For fate had (ll. 95-104) After them from Cecropia came warlike ordained that he and Mopsus, skilled in the seer’s art, Butes, son of brave Teleon, and Phalerus of the ashen should wander and perish in the furthest ends of Libya.
spear. Alcon his father sent him forth; yet no other For no ill is too remote for mortals to incur, seeing that sons had he to care for his old age and livelihood. But they buried them in Libya, as far from the Colchians him, his well-beloved and only son, he sent forth that as is the space that is seen between the setting and the amid bold heroes he might shine conspicuous. But rising of the sun.
Theseus, who surpassed all the sons of Erechtheus, an unseen bond kept beneath the land of Taenarus, for he (ll. 86-89) To him Clytius and Iphitus joined them-had followed that path with Peirithous; assuredly both 10
would have lightened for all the fulfilment of their toil.
(ll. 122-132) Nor do we learn that Heracles of the mighty heart disregarded the eager summons of (ll. 105-114) Tiphys, son of Hagnias, left the Siphaean Aeson’s son. But when he heard a report of the heroes’
people of the Thespians, well skilled to foretell the ris-gathering and had reached Lyrceian Argos from ing wave on the broad sea, and well skilled to infer Arcadia by the road along which he carried the boar from sun and star the stormy winds and the time for alive that fed in the thickets of Lampeia, near the vast sailing. Tritonian Athena herself urged him to join the Erymanthian swamp, the boar bound with chains he band of chiefs, and he came among them a welcome put down from his huge shoulders at the entrance to comrade. She herself too fashioned the swift ship; and the market-place of Mycenae; and himself of his own with her Argus, son of Arestor, wrought it by her coun-will set out against the purpose of Eurystheus; and with sels. Wherefore it proved the most excellent of all ships him went Hylas, a brave comrade, in the flower of that have made trial of the sea with oars.
youth, to bear his arrows and to guard his bow.
(ll. 115-117) After them came Phlias from Araethyrea, (ll. 133-138) Next to him came a scion of the race of where he dwelt in affluence by the favour of his father divine Danaus, Nauplius. He was the son of Clytonaeus Dionysus, in his home by the springs of Asopus.
son of Naubolus; Naubolus was son of Lernus; Lernus (ll. 118-121) From Argos came Talaus and Areius, sons we know was the son of Proetus son of Nauplius; and of Bias, and mighty Leodocus, all of whom Pero daugh-once Amymone daughter of Danaus, wedded to ter of Neleus bare; on her account the Aeolid Melampus Poseidon, bare Nauplius, who surpassed all men in endured sore affliction in the steading of Iphiclus.
(ll. 139-145) Idmon came last of all them that dwelt at (ll. 156-160) And with them Neleian Periclymenus set Argos, for though he had learnt his own fate by au-out to come, eldest of all the sons of godlike Neleus gury, he came, that the people might not grudge him who were born at Pylos; Poseidon had given him fair renown. He was not in truth the son of Abas, but boundless strength and granted him that whatever Leto’s son himself begat him to be numbered among shape he should crave during the fight, that he should the illustrious Aeolids; and himself taught him the art take in the stress of battle.
of prophecy—to pay heed to birds and to observe the signs of the burning sacrifice.
(ll. 161-171) Moreover from Arcadia came Amphidamas and Cepheus, who inhabited Tegea and the allotment (ll. 146-150) Moreover Aetolian Leda sent from Sparta of Apheidas, two sons of Aldus; and Ancaeus followed strong Polydeuces and Castor, skilled to guide swift-them as the third, whom his father Lycurgus sent, the footed steeds; these her dearly-loved sons she bare at brother older than both. But he was left in the city to one birth in the house of Tyndareus; nor did she for-care for Aleus now growing old, while he gave his son bid their departure; for she had thoughts worthy of the to join his brothers. Antaeus went clad in the skin of a bride of Zeus.
Maenalian bear, and wielding in his right hand a huge two-edged battleaxe. For his armour his grandsire had (ll. 151-155) The sons of Aphareus, Lynceus and proud hidden in the house’s innermost recess, to see if he Idas, came from Arene, both exulting in their great might by some means still stay his departure.
strength; and Lynceus too excelled in keenest sight, if the report is true that that hero could easily direct his (ll. 172-175) There came also Augeias, whom fame sight even beneath the earth.
declared to be the son of Helios; he reigned over the 12
Eleans, glorying in his wealth; and greatly he desired of Oeneus, strong Meleagrus, and Laocoon—Laocoon to behold the Colchian land and Aeetes himself the the brother of Oeneus, though not by the same mother, ruler of the Colchians.
for a serving-woman bare him; him, now growing old, Oeneus sent to guard his son: thus Meleagrus, still a (ll. 176-178) Asterius and Amphion, sons of Hyperasius, youth, entered the bold band of heroes. No other had came from Achaean Pellene, which once Pelles their come superior to him, I ween, except Heracles, if for grandsire founded on the brows of Aegialus.
one year more he had tarried and been nurtured among the Aetolians. Yea, and his uncle, well skilled to fight (ll. 179-184) After them from Taenarus came Euphemus whether with the javelin or hand to hand, Iphiclus son whom, most swift-footed of men, Europe, daughter of of Thestius, bare him company on his way.
mighty Tityos, bare to Poseidon. He was wont to skim the swell of the grey sea, and wetted not his swift feet, (ll. 202-206) With him came Palaemonius, son of but just dipping the tips of his toes was borne on the Olenian Lernus, of Lernus by repute, but his birth was watery path.
from Hephaestus; and so he was crippled in his feet, (ll. 185-189) Yea, and two other sons of Poseidon came; but his bodily frame and his valour no one would dare one Erginus, who left the citadel of glorious Miletus, to scorn. Wherefore he was numbered among all the the other proud Ancaeus, who left Parthenia, the seat chiefs, winning fame for Jason.
of Imbrasion Hera; both boasted their skill in seacraft and in war.
(ll. 207-210) From the Phocians came Iphitus sprung from Naubolus son of Ornytus; once he had been his (ll. 190-201) After them from Calydon came the son host when Jason went to Pytho to ask for a response 13
concerning his voyage; for there he welcomed him in too were ready to be numbered in the host.
his own hails.
(ll. 228-233) So many then were the helpers who as-
(ll. 211-223) Next came Zetes and Calais, sons of sembled to join the son of Aeson. All the chiefs the Boreas, whom once Oreithyia, daughter of Erechtheus, dwellers thereabout called Minyae, for the most and bare to Boreas on the verge of wintry Thrace; thither the bravest avowed that they were sprung from the it was that Thracian Boreas snatched her away from blood of the daughters of Minyas; thus Jason himself Cecropia as she was whirling in the dance, hard by was the son of Alcimede who was born of Clymene Hissus’ stream. And, carrying her far off, to the spot the daughter of Minyas.
that men called the rock of Sarpedon, near the river Erginus, he wrapped her in dark clouds and forced (ll. 234-241) Now when all things had been made ready her to his will. There they were making their dusky by the thralls, all things that fully-equipped ships are wings quiver upon their ankles on both sides as they furnished withal when men’s business leads them to rose, a great wonder to behold, wings that gleamed voyage across the sea, then the heroes took their way with golden scales: and round their backs from the top through the city to the ship where it lay on the strand of the head and neck, hither and thither, their dark that men call Magnesian Pagasae; and a crowd of people tresses were being shaken by the wind.
hastening rushed together; but the heroes shone like gleaming stars among the clouds; and each man as he (ll. 224-227) No, nor had Acastus son of mighty Pelias saw them speeding along with their armour would say: himself any will to stay behind in the palace of his brave sire, nor Argus, helper of the goddess Athena; but they (ll. 242-246) “King Zeus, what is the purpose of Pelias?
Whither is he driving forth from the Panachaean land (ll. 261-277) Thus the women spake at the departure so great a host of heroes? On one day they would waste of the heroes. And now many thralls, men and women, the palace of Aeetes with baleful fire, should he not yield were gathered together, and his mother, smitten with them the fleece of his own goodwill. But the path is not grief for Jason. And a bitter pang seized every woman’s to be shunned, the toil is hard for those who venture.” heart; and with them groaned the father in baleful old age, lying on his bed, closely wrapped round. But the (ll. 247-250) Thus they spake here and there through-hero straightway soothed their pain, encouraging them, out the city; but the women often raised their hands to and bade the thralls take up his weapons for war; and the sky in prayer to the immortals to grant a return, they in silence with downcast looks took them up. And their hearts’ desire. And one with tears thus lamented even as the mother had thrown her arms about her to her fellow:
son, so she clung, weeping without stint, as a maiden all alone weeps, falling fondly on the neck of her hoary (ll. 251-260) “Wretched Alcimede, evil has come to thee nurse, a maid who has now no others to care for her, but at last though late, thou hast not ended with splendour of she drags on a weary life under a stepmother, who mal-life. Aeson too, ill-fated man! Surely better had it been for treats her continually with ever fresh insults, and as she him, if he were lying beneath the earth, enveloped in his weeps, her heart within her is bound fast with misery, shroud, still unconscious of bitter toils. Would that the nor can she sob forth all the groans that struggle for utter-dark wave, when the maiden Helle perished, had over-ance; so without stint wept Alcimede straining her son in whelmed Phrixus too with the ram; but the dire portent her arms, and in her yearning grief spake as follows: even sent forth a human voice, that it might cause to Alcimede sorrows and countless pains hereafter.” (ll. 278-291) “Would that on that day when, wretched 15
woman that I am, I heard King Pelias proclaim his evil ter sorrows overmuch, for thou wilt not redeem me from behest, I had straightway given up my life and forgot-evil by tears, but wilt still add grief to grief. For unseen ten my cares, so that thou thyself, my son, with thine are the woes that the gods mete out to mortals; be strong own hands, mightest have buried me; for that was the to endure thy share of them though with grief in thy heart; only wish left me still to be fulfilled by time, all the take courage from the promises of Athena, and from the other rewards for thy nurture have I long enjoyed. Now answers of the gods (for very favourable oracles has I, once so admired among Achaean women, shall be Phoebus given), and then from the help of the chieftains.
left behind like a bondwoman in my empty halls, pin-But do thou remain here, quiet among thy handmaids, ing away, ill-fated one, for love of thee, thee on whose and be not a bird of ill omen to the ship; and thither my account I had aforetime so much splendour and re-clansmen and thralls will follow me.” nown, my only son for whom I loosed my virgin zone first and last. For to me beyond others the goddess (ll. 306-316) He spake, and started forth to leave the Eileithyia grudged abundant offspring. Alas for my house. And as Apollo goes forth from some fragrant folly! Not once, not even in nay dreams did I forebode shrine to divine Delos or Claros or Pytho or to broad this, that the flight of Phrixus would bring me woe.” Lyeia near the stream of Xanthus, in such beauty moved Jason through the throng of people; and a cry (ll. 292-294) Thus with moaning she wept, and her arose as they shouted together. And there met him aged handmaidens, standing by, lamented; but Jason spake Iphias, priestess of Artemis guardian of the city, and gently to her with comforting words: kissed his right hand, but she had not strength to say a word, for all her eagerness, as the crowd rushed on, (ll. 295-305) “Do not, I pray thee, mother, store up bit-but she was left there by the wayside, as the old are left 16
by the young, and he passed on and was gone afar.
fore we will make no long delay in our sailing for these things’ sake, when the breezes but blow fair. But, (ll. 317-331) Now when he had left the well-built streets friends,—for common to all is our return to Hellas hereof the city, he came to the beach of Pagasae, where his after, and common to all is our path to the land of comrades greeted him as they stayed together near the Aeetes—now therefore with ungrudging heart choose ship Argo. And he stood at the entering in, and they the bravest to be our leader, who shall be careful for were gathered to meet him. And they perceived Aeastus everything, to take upon him our quarrels and cov-and Argus coming from the city, and they marvelled enants with strangers.”
when they saw them hasting with all speed, despite the will of Pelias. The one, Argus, son of Arestor, had cast (ll. 341-344) Thus he spake; and the young heroes round his shoulders the hide of a bull reaching to his turned their eyes towards bold Heracles sitting in their feet, with the black hair upon it, the other, a fair mantle midst, and with one shout they all enjoined upon him of double fold, which his sister Pelopeia had given him.
to be their leader; but he, from the place where he Still Jason forebore from asking them about each point sat, stretched forth his right hand and said: but bade all be seated for an assembly. And there, upon the folded sails and the mast as it lay on the ground, (ll. 345-347) “Let no one offer this honour to me. For they all took their seats in order. And among them I will not consent, and I will forbid any other to stand with goodwill spake Aeson’s son: up. Let the hero who brought us together, himself be the leader of the host.”
(ll. 332-340) “All the equipment that a ship needs for all is in due order—lies ready for our departure. There-
(ll. 348-350) Thus he spake with high thoughts, and 17
they assented, as Heracles bade; and warlike Jason him-the stormy surge had cleansed it long before. First of self rose up, glad at heart, and thus addressed the ea-all, by the command of Argus, they strongly girded the ger throng:
ship with a rope well twisted within, * stretching it tight on each side, in order that the planks might be well com-
(ll. 351-362) “If ye entrust your glory to my care, no pacted by the bolts and might withstand the opposing longer as before let our path be hindered. Now at last force of the surge. And they quickly dug a trench as let us propitiate Phoebus with sacrifice and straight-wide as the space the ship covered, and at the prow as way prepare a feast. And until my thralls come, the far into the sea as it would run when drawn down by overseers of my steading, whose care it is to choose their hands. And they ever dug deeper in front of the out oxen from the herd and drive them hither, we will stem, and in the furrow laid polished rollers; and in-drag down the ship to the sea, and do ye place all the clined the ship down upon the first rollers, that so she tackling within, and draw lots for the benches for row-might glide and be borne on by them. And above, on ing. Meantime let us build upon the beach an altar to both sides, reversing the oars, they fastened them round Apollo Embasius* who by an oracle promised to point the thole-pins, so as to project a cubit’s space. And the out and show me the paths of the sea, if by sacrifice to heroes themselves stood on both sides at the oars in a him I should begin my venture for King Pelias.” row, and pushed forward with chest and hand at once.
And then Tiphys leapt on board to urge the youths to (ll. 363-393) He spake, and was the first to turn to the push at the right moment; and calling on them he work, and they stood up in obedience to him; and they shouted loudly; and they at once, leaning with all their heaped their garments, one upon the other, on a smooth
*Or, reading EKTOTHEN, they strongly girded the ship outside with a well-twisted rope. In either case there is probably no stone, which the sea did not strike with its waves, but allusion to YPOZOMATA (ropes for undergirding) which were
*i.e. God of embarcation.
carried loose and only used in stormy weather.
strength, with one push started the ship from her place, name of Actius* and Embasius, and quickly spread and strained with their feet, forcing her onward; and above it logs of dried olive-wood. Meantime the herds-Pelian Argo followed swiftly; and they on each side men of Aeson’s son had driven before them from the shouted as they rushed on. And then the rollers groaned herd two steers. These the younger comrades dragged under the sturdy keel as they were chafed, and round near the altars, and the others brought lustral water them rose up a dark smoke owing to the weight, and and barley meal, and Jason prayed, calling on Apollo she glided into the sea; but the heroes stood there and the god of his fathers:
kept dragging her back as she sped onward. And round the thole-pins they fitted the oars, and in the ship they (ll. 411-424) “Hear, O King, that dwellest in Pagasae placed the mast and the well-made sails and the stores.
and the city Aesonis, the city called by my father’s (ll. 394-401) Now when they had carefully paid heed name, thou who didst promise me, when I sought thy to everything, first they distributed the benches by lot, oracle at Pytho, to show the fulfilment and goal of my two men occupying one seat; but the middle bench journey, for thou thyself hast been the cause of my they chose for Heracles and Ancaeus apart from the venture; now do thou thyself guide the ship with my other heroes, Ancaeus who dwelt in Tegea. For them comrades safe and sound, thither and back again to alone they left the middle bench just as it was and not Hellas. Then in thy honour hereafter we will lay again by lot; and with one consent they entrusted Tiphys on thy altar the bright offerings of bulls—all of us who with guarding the helm of the well-stemmed ship.
return; and other gifts in countless numbers I will bring (ll. 402-410) Next, piling up shingle near the sea, they to Pytho and Ortygia. And now, come, Far-darter, ac-raised there an altar on the shore to Apollo, under the cept this sacrifice at our hands, which first of all we
*i.e. God of the shore.
have offered thee for this ship on our embarcation; ing up with good omen in dark spiral columns; and and grant, O King, that with a prosperous weird I may quickly he spake outright the will of Leto’s son: loose the hawsers, relying on thy counsel, and may the breeze blow softly with which we shall sail over the (ll. 440-447) “For you it is the will of heaven and des-sea in fair weather.”
tiny that ye shall return here with the fleece; but meanwhile both going and returning, countless trials await (ll. 425-439) He spake, and with his prayer cast the you. But it is my lot, by the hateful decree of a god, to barley meal. And they two girded themselves to slay die somewhere afar off on the mainland of Asia. Thus, the steers, proud Ancaeus and Heracles. The latter with though I learnt my fate from evil omens even before his club smote one steer mid-head on the brow, and now, I have left my fatherland to embark on the ship, falling in a heap on the spot, it sank to the ground; and that so after my embarking fair fame may be left me in Ancaeus struck the broad neck of the other with his my house.”
axe of bronze, and shore through the mighty sinews; and it fell prone on both its horns. Their comrades (ll. 448-462) Thus he spake; and the youths hearing quickly severed the victims’ throats, and flayed the the divine utterance rejoiced at their return, but grief hides: they sundered the joints and carved the flesh, seized them for the fate of Idmon. Now at the hour then cut out the sacred thigh bones, and covering them when the sun passes his noon-tide halt and the all together closely with fat burnt them upon cloven ploughlands are just being shadowed by the rocks, as wood. And Aeson’s son poured out pure libations, and the sun slopes towards the evening dusk, at that hour Idmon rejoiced beholding the flame as it gleamed on all the heroes spread leaves thickly upon the sand and every side from the sacrifice, and the smoke of it mount-lay down in rows in front of the hoary surf-line; and 20
near them were spread vast stores of viands and sweet the heroes clamoured together and Idmon spoke out wine, which the cupbearers had drawn off in pitchers; openly:
afterwards they told tales one to another in turn, such as youths often tell when at the feast and the bowl they (ll. 480-484) “Vain wretch, thou art devising destruc-take delightful pastime, and insatiable insolence is far tion for thyself before the time. Does the pure wine away. But here the son of Aeson, all helpless, was brood-cause thy bold heart to swell in thy breast to thy ruin, ing over each event in his mind, like one oppressed and has it set thee on to dishonour the gods? Other with thought. And Idas noted him and assailed him words of comfort there are with which a man might with loud voice:
encourage his comrade; but thou hast spoken with ut-
(ll. 463-471) “Son of Aeson, what is this plan thou art ter recklessness. Such taunts, the tale goes, did the sons turning over in mind. Speak out thy thought in the midst.
of Aloeus once blurt out against the blessed gods, and Does fear come on and master thee, fear, that confounds thou dost no wise equal them in valour; nevertheless cowards? Be witness now my impetuous spear, where-they were both slain by the swift arrows of Leto’s son, with in wars I win renown beyond all others (nor does mighty though they were.”
Zeus aid me so much as my own spear), that no woe will be fatal, no venture will be unachieved, while Idas (ll. 485-486) Thus he spake, and Aphareian Iclas follows, even though a god should oppose thee. Such a laughed out, loud and long, and eyeing him askance helpmeet am I that thou bringest from Arene.” replied with biting words:
(ll. 472-475) He spake, and holding a brimming goblet (ll. 487-491) “Come now, tell me this by thy prophetic in both hands drank off the unmixed sweet wine; and art, whether for me too the gods will bring to pass such his lips and dark cheeks were drenched with it; and all doom as thy father promised for the sons of Aloeus.
And bethink thee how thou wilt escape from my hands over the blessed Titan-gods, while Zeus, still a child alive, if thou art caught making a prophecy vain as the and with the thoughts of a child, dwelt in the Dictaean idle wind.”
cave; and the earthborn Cyclopes had not yet armed him with the bolt, with thunder and lightning; for these (ll. 492-495) Thus in wrath Idas reviled him, and the things give renown to Zeus.
strife would have gone further had not their comrades and Aeson’s son himself with indignant cry restrained (ll. 512-518) He ended, and stayed his lyre and divine the contending chiefs; and Orpheus lifted his lyre in voice. But though he had ceased they still bent for-his left hand and made essay to sing.
ward with eagerness all hushed to quiet, with ears in-
(ll. 496-511) He sang how the earth, the heaven and tent on the enchanting strain; such a charm of song the sea, once mingled together in one form, after deadly had he left behind in their hearts. Not long after they strife were separated each from other; and how the mixed libations in honour of Zeus, with pious rites as stars and the moon and the paths of the sun ever keep is customary, and poured them upon the burning their fixed place in the sky; and how the mountains tongues, and bethought them of sleep in the darkness.
rose, and how the resounding rivers with their nymphs came into being and all creeping things. And he sang (ll. 519-558) Now when gleaming dawn with bright how first of all Ophion and Eurynome, daughter of eyes beheld the lofty peaks of Pelion, and the calm Ocean, held the sway of snowy Olympus, and how headlands were being drenched as the sea was ruffled through strength of arm one yielded his prerogative to by the winds, then Tiphys awoke from sleep; and at Cronos and the other to Rhea, and how they fell into once he roused his comrades to go on board and make the waves of Ocean; but the other two meanwhile ruled ready the oars. And a strange cry did the harbour of 22
Pagasae utter, yea and Pelian Argo herself, urging them the sun like flame as the ship sped on; and ever their to set forth. For in her a beam divine had been laid wake gleamed white far behind, like a path seen over which Athena had brought from an oak of Dodona a green plain. On that day all the gods looked down and fitted in the middle of the stem. And the heroes from heaven upon the ship and the might of the hewent to the benches one after the other, as they had roes, half-divine, the bravest of men then sailing the previously assigned for each to row in his place, and sea; and on the topmost heights the nymphs of Pelion took their seats in due order near their fighting gear. In wondered as they beheld the work of Itonian Athena, the middle sat Antaeus and mighty Heracles, and near and the heroes themselves wielding the oars. And there him he laid his club, and beneath his tread the ship’s came down from the mountain-top to the sea Chiron, keel sank deep. And now the hawsers were being son of Philyra, and where the white surf broke he slipped and they poured wine on the sea. But Jason dipped his feet, and, often waving with his broad hand, with tears held his eyes away from his fatherland. And cried out to them at their departure, “Good speed and just as youths set up a dance in honour of Phoebus a sorrowless home-return!” And with him his wife, either in Pytho or haply in Ortygia, or by the waters of bearing Peleus’ son Achilles on her arm, showed the Ismenus, and to the sound of the lyre round his altar child to his dear father.
all together in time beat the earth with swiftly-moving feet; so they to the sound of Orpheus’ lyre smote with (ll. 559-579) Now when they had left the curving shore of their oars the rushing sea-water, and the surge broke the harbour through the cunning and counsel of prudent over the blades; and on this side and on that the dark Tiphys son of Hagnias, who skilfully handled the well-pol-brine seethed with foam, boiling terribly through the ished helm that he might guide them steadfastly, then at might of the sturdy heroes. And their arms shone in length they set up the tall mast in the mastbox, and se-23
cured it with forestays, drawing them taut on each side, Sciathus appeared in the sea, and far off appeared and from it they let down the sail when they had hauled it Piresiae and the calm shore of Magnesia on the main-to the top-mast. And a breeze came down piping shrilly; land and the tomb of Dolops; here then in the evening, and upon the deck they fastened the ropes separately round as the wind blew against them, they put to land, and the well-polished pins, and ran quietly past the long Tisaean paying honour to him at nightfall burnt sheep as vic-headland. And for them the son of Oeagrus touched his tims, while the sea was tossed by the swell: and for two lyre and sang in rhythmical song of Artemis, saviour of days they lingered on the shore, but on the third day ships, child of a glorious sire, who hath in her keeping they put forth the ship, spreading on high the broad those peaks by the sea, and the land of Iolcos; and the sail. And even now men call that beach Aphetae* of fishes came darting through the deep sea, great mixed with Argo.
small, and followed gambolling along the watery paths.
And as when in the track of the shepherd, their master, (ll. 592-608) Thence going forward they ran past countless sheep follow to the fold that have fed to the full Meliboea, escaping a stormy beach and surf-line. And of grass, and he goes before gaily piping a shepherd’s strain in the morning they saw Homole close at hand lean-on Iris shrill reed; so these fishes followed; and a chasing ing on the sea, and skirted it, and not long after they breeze ever bore the ship onward.
were about to pass by the outfall of the river Amyrus.
From there they beheld Eurymenae and the seawashed (ll. 580-591) And straightway the misty land of the ravines of Ossa and Olympus; next they reached the Pelasgians, rich in cornfields, sank out of sight, and slopes of Pallene, beyond the headland of Canastra, ever speeding onward they passed the rugged sides of running all night with the wind. And at dawn before Pelion; and the Sepian headland sank away, and them as they journeyed rose Athos, the Thracian moun-
*i.e. The Starting.
tain, which with its topmost peak overshadows Lemnos, that they might thereafter pay no retribution for the even as far as Myrine, though it lies as far off as the grim murder. And of all the women, Hypsipyle alone space that a well-trimmed merchantship would traverse spared her aged father Thoas, who was king over the up to mid-day. For them on that day, till darkness fell, people; and she sent him in a hollow chest, to drift the breeze blew exceedingly fresh, and the sails of the over the sea, if haply he should escape. And fishermen ship strained to it. But with the setting of the sun the dragged him to shore at the island of Oenoe, formerly wind left them, and it was by the oars that they reached Oenoe, but afterwards called Sicinus from Sicinus, Lemnos, the Sintian isle.
whom the water-nymph Oenoe bore to Thoas. Now for all the women to tend kine, to don armour of bronze, (ll. 609-639) Here the whole of the men of the people and to cleave with the plough-share the wheat-bearing together had been ruthlessly slain through the trans-fields, was easier than the works of Athena, with which gressions of the women in the year gone by. For the they were busied aforetime. Yet for all that did they of-men had rejected their lawful wives, loathing them, ten gaze over the broad sea, in grievous fear against the and had conceived a fierce passion for captive maids Thracians’ coming. So when they saw Argo being rowed whom they themselves brought across the sea from near the island, straightway crowding in multitude from their forays in Thrace; for the terrible wrath of Cypris the gates of Myrine and clad in their harness of war, came upon them, because for a long time they had they poured forth to the beach like ravening Thyiades: grudged her the honours due. O hapless women, and for they deemed that the Thracians were come; and with insatiate in jealousy to their own ruin! Not their hus-them Hypsipyle, daughter of Thoas, donned her father’s bands alone with the captives did they slay on account harness. And they streamed down speechless with dis-of the marriage-bed, but all the males at the same time, may; such fear was wafted about them.
(ll. 640-652) Meantime from the ship the chiefs had (ll. 657-666) “O friends, come let us grant these men sent Aethalides the swift herald, to whose care they en-gifts to their hearts’ desire, such as it is fitting that they trusted their messages and the wand of Hermes, his sire, should take on ship-board, food and sweet wine, in order who had granted him a memory of all things, that never that they may steadfastly remain outside our towers, and grew dim; and not even now, though he has entered the may not, passing among us for need’s sake, get to know unspeakable whirlpools of Acheron, has forgetfulness us all too well, and so an evil report be widely spread; for swept over his soul, but its fixed doom is to be ever we have wrought a terrible deed and in nowise will it be changing its abode; at one time to be numbered among to their liking, should they learn it. Such is our counsel the dwellers beneath the earth, at another to be in the now, but if any of you can devise a better plan let her light of the sun among living men. But why need I tell at rise, for it was on this account that I summoned you hither.” length tales of Aethalides? He at that time persuaded (ll. 667-674) Thus she spake and sat upon her father’s Hypsipyle to receive the new-comers as the day was seat of stone, and then rose up her dear nurse Polyxo, waning into darkness; nor yet at dawn did they loose for very age halting upon her withered feet, bowed the ship’s hawsers to the breath of the north wind.
over a staff, and she was eager to address them. Near her were seated four virgins, unwedded, crowned with (ll. 653-656) Now the Lemnian women fared through white hair. And she stood in the midst of the assembly the city and sat down to the assembly, for Hypsipyle and from her bent back she feebly raised her neck and herself had so bidden. And when they were all gath-spake thus:
ered together in one great throng straightway she spake among them with stirring words: (ll. 675-696) “Gifts, as Hypsipyle herself wishes, let us send to the strangers, for it is better to give them. But for 26
you what device have ye to get profit of your life if the with clamour. For the word pleased them. And after Thracian host fall upon us, or some other foe, as often her straightway Hypsipyle rose up again, and thus happens among men, even as now this company is come spake in reply.
unforeseen? But if one of the blessed gods should turn this aside yet countless other woes, worse than battle, (ll. 700-701) “If this purpose please you all, now will I remain behind, when the aged women die off and ye even send a messenger to the ship.” younger ones, without children, reach hateful old age.
(ll. 702-707) She spake and addressed Iphinoe close at hand: How then will ye live, hapless ones? Will your oxen of
“Go, Iphinoe, and beg yonder man, whoever it is that leads their own accord yoke themselves for the deep plough-this array, to come to our land that I may tell him a word lands and draw the earth-cleaving share through the fal-that pleases the heart of my people, and bid the men them-low, and forthwith, as the year comes round, reap the selves, if they wish, boldly enter the land and the city with harvest? Assuredly, though the fates till now have friendly intent.”
shunned me in horror, I deem that in the coming year I shall put on the garment of earth, when I have received (ll. 708-711) She spake, and dismissed the assembly, and my meed of burial even so as is right, before the evil thereafter started to return home. And so Iphinoe came to days draw near. But I bid you who are younger give the Minyae; and they asked with what intent she had come good heed to this. For now at your feet a way of escape among them. And quickly she addressed her questioners lies open, if ye trust to the strangers the care of your with all speed in these words: homes and all your stock and your glorious city.” (ll. 712-716) “The maiden Hypsipyle daughter of Thoas, (ll. 697-699) Thus she spake, and the assembly was filled sent me on my way here to you, to summon the captain of 27
your ship, whoever he be, that she may tell him a word (ll. 730-734) In it were the Cyclops seated at their imper-that pleases the heart of the people, and she bids your-ishable work, forging a thunderbolt for King Zeus; by now selves, if ye wish it, straightway enter the land and the city it was almost finished in its brightness and still it wanted with friendly intent.”
but one ray, which they were beating out with their iron hammers as it spurted forth a breath of raging flame.
(ll. 717-720) Thus she spake and the speech of good omen (ll. 735-741) In it too were the twin sons of Antiope, pleased all. And they deemed that Thoas was dead and daughter of Asopus, Amphion and Zethus, and Thebe that his beloved daughter Hypsipyle was queen, and quickly still ungirt with towers was lying near, whose founda-they sent Jason on his way and themselves made ready to tions they were just then laying in eager haste. Zethus go.
on his shoulders was lifting the peak of a steep mountain, like a man toiling hard, and Amphion after him, (ll. 721-729) Now he had buckled round his shoulders a singing loud and clear on his golden lyre, moved on, purple mantle of double fold, the work of the Tritonian and a rock twice as large followed his footsteps.
goddess, which Pallas had given him when she first laid the keel-props of the ship Argo and taught him how to (ll. 742-746) Next in order had been wrought Cytherea measure timbers with the rule. More easily wouldst thou with drooping tresses, wielding the swift shield of Ares; cast thy eyes upon the sun at its rising and from her shoulder to her left arm the fastening of than behold that blazing splendour. For indeed in the middle her tunic was loosed beneath her breast; and opposite the fashion thereof was red, but at the ends it was all purple, in the shield of bronze her image appeared clear to and on each margin many separate devices had been skil-view as she stood.
(ll. 747-751) And in it there was a well-wooded pastur-
(ll. 763-767) And in it was Phrixus the Minyan as though age of oxen; and about the oxen the Teleboae and the he were in very deed listening to the ram, while it was sons of Eleetryon were fighting; the one party defend-like one speaking. Beholding them thou wouldst be ing themselves, the others, the Taphian raiders, long-silent and wouldst cheat thy soul with the hope of hearing to rob them; and the dewy meadow was drenched ing some wise speech from them, and long wouldst with their blood, and the many were overmastering thou gaze with that hope.
the few herdsmen.
(ll. 768-773) Such then were the gifts of the Tritonian (ll. 752-758) And therein were fashioned two chariots, goddess Athena. And in his right hand Jason held a racing, and the one in front Pelops was guiding, as he fardarting spear, which Atalanta gave him once as a shook the reins, and with him was Hippodameia at his gift of hospitality in Maenalus as she met him gladly; side, and in pursuit Myrtilus urged his steeds, and with for she eagerly desired to follow on that quest; but he him Oenomaus had grasped his couched spear, but himself of his own accord prevented the maid, for he fell as the axle swerved and broke in the nave, while feared bitter strife on account of her love.
he was eager to pierce the back of Pelops.
(ll. 774-792) And he went on his way to the city like to a (ll. 759-762) And in it was wrought Phoebus Apollo, a bright star, which maidens, pent up in new-built cham-stripling not yet grown up, in the act of shooting at bers, behold as it rises above their homes, and through mighty Tityos who was boldly dragging his mother by the dark air it charms their eyes with its fair red gleam her veil, Tityos whom glorious Elate bare, but Earth and the maid rejoices, love-sick for the youth who is far nursed him and gave him second birth.
away amid strangers, for whom her parents are keeping 29
her to be his bride; like to that star the hero trod the way opposite, and they brought back hither measureless to the city. And when they had passed within the gates booty and maidens too. But the counsel of the baneful and the city, the women of the people surged behind goddess Cypris was working out its accomplishment, them, delighting in the stranger, but he with his eyes who brought upon them soul destroying infatuation.
fixed on the ground fared straight on, till he reached the For they hated their lawful wives, and, yielding to their glorious palace of Hypsipyle; and when he appeared own mad folly, drove them from their homes; and they the maids opened the folding doors, fitted with well-took to their beds the captives of their spear, cruel ones.
fashioned panels. Here Iphinoe leading him quickly Long in truth we endured it, if haply again, though through a fair porch set him upon a shining seat oppo-late, they might change their purpose, but ever the bit-site her mistress, but Hypsipyle turned her eyes aside ter woe grew, twofold. And the lawful children were and a blush covered her maiden cheeks, yet for all her being dishonoured in their halls, and a bastard race modesty she addressed him with crafty words: was rising. And thus unmarried maidens and widowed mothers too wandered uncared for through the city; (ll. 793-833) “Stranger, why stay ye so long outside no father heeded his daughter ever so little even though our towers? for the city is not inhabited by the men, he should see her done to death before his eyes at the but they, as sojourners, plough the wheat-bearing fields hands of an insolent step-dame, nor did sons, as be-of the Thracian mainland. And I will tell out truly all fore, defend their mother against unseemly outrage; our evil plight, that ye yourselves too may know it well.
nor did brothers care at heart for their sister. But in When my father Thoas reigned over the citizens, then their homes, in the dance, in the assembly and the ban-our folk starting from their homes used to plunder from quet all their thought was only for their captive maid-their ships the dwellings of the Thracians who live ens; until some god put desperate courage in our hearts 30
no more to receive our lords on their return from need thee. And I will return again to the city when I Thrace within our towers so that they might either heed have told everything in order due. But let the sover-the right or might depart and begone elsewhither, they eignty of the island be thine; it is not in scorn I yield it and their captives. So they begged of us all the male up, but grievous trials urge me on.” children that were left in the city and went back to (ll. 842-852) He spake, and touched her right hand; where even now they dwell on the snowy tilths of and quickly he turned to go back: and round him the Thrace. Do ye therefore stay and settle with us; and young maids on every side danced in countless num-shouldst thou desire to dwell here, and this finds favour bers in their joy till he passed through the gates. And with thee, assuredly thou shalt have the prerogative of then they came to the shore in smooth-running wains, my father Thoas; and I deem that thou wilt not scorn bearing with them many gifts, when now he had re-our land at all; for it is deepsoiled beyond all other lated from beginning to end the speech which islands that lie in the Aegaean sea. But come now, re-Hypsipyle had spoken when she summoned them; and turn to the ship and relate my words to thy comrades, the maids readily led the men back to their homes for and stay not outside our city.” entertainment. For Cypris stirred in them a sweet desire, for the sake of Hephaestus of many counsels, in (ll. 834-835) She spoke, glozing over the murder that order that Lemnos might be again inhabited by men had been wrought upon the men; and Jason addressed and not be ruined.
her in answer:
(ll. 853-864) Thereupon Aeson’s son started to go to (ll. 836-841) “Hypsipyle, very dear to our hearts is the the royal home of Hypsipyle; and the rest went each help we shall meet with, which thou grantest to us who his way as chance took them, all but Heracles; for he 31
of his own will was left behind by the ship and a few men-children, and so there come to him great glory.” chosen comrades with him. And straightway the city rejoiced with dances and banquets, being filled with (ll. 875-887) Thus did he chide the band; but no one the steam of sacrifice; and above all the immortals they dared to meet his eye or to utter a word in answer. But propitiated with songs and sacrifices the illustrious son just as they were in the assembly they made ready their of Hera and Cypris herself. And the sailing was ever departure in all haste, and the women came running delayed from one day to another; and long would they towards them, when they knew their intent. And as have lingered there, had not Heracles, gathering to-when bees hum round fair lilies pouring forth from gether his comrades apart from the women, thus ad-their hive in the rock, and all around the dewy meadow dressed them with reproachful words: rejoices, and they gather the sweet fruit, flitting from one to another; even so the women eagerly poured (ll. 865-874) “Wretched men, does the murder of kin-forth clustering round the men with loud lament, and dred keep us from our native land? Or is it in want of greeted each one with hands and voice, praying the marriage that we have come hither from thence, in scorn blessed gods to grant him a safe return. And so of our countrywomen? Does it please us to dwell here Hypsipyle too prayed, seizing the hands of Aeson’s son, and plough the rich soil of Lemnos? No fair renown and her tears flowed for the loss of her lover: shall we win by thus tarrying so long with stranger women; nor will some god seize and give us at our prayer (ll. 888-898) “Go, and may heaven bring thee back a fleece that moves of itself. Let us then return each to again with thy comrades unharmed, bearing to the king his own; but him leave ye to rest all day long in the the golden fleece, even as thou wilt and thy heart embrace of Hypsipyle until he has peopled Lemnos with desireth; and this island and my father’s sceptre will 32
be awaiting thee, if on thy return hereafter thou shouldst (ll. 910-921) He spake, and mounted the ship first of choose to come hither again; and easily couldst thou all; and so the rest of the chiefs followed, and, sitting in gather a countless host of men from other cities. But order, seized the oars; and Argus loosed for them the thou wilt not have this desire, nor do I myself forbode hawsers from under the sea-beaten rock. Whereupon that so it will be. Still remember Hypsipyle when thou they mightily smote the water with their long oars, and art far away and when thou hast returned; and leave in the evening by the injunctions of Orpheus they me some word of bidding, which I will gladly accom-touched at the island of Electra,* daughter of Atlas, in plish, if haply heaven shall grant me to be a mother.” order that by gentle initiation they might learn the rites that may not be uttered, and so with greater safety sail (ll. 899-909) And Aeson’s son in admiration thus reover the chilling sea. Of these I will make no further plied: “Hypsipyle, so may all these things prove pro-mention; but I bid farewell to the island itself and the pitious by the favour of the blessed gods. But do thou indwelling deities, to whom belong those mysteries, hold a nobler thought of me, since by the grace of Pelias which it is not lawful for me to sing.
it is enough for me to dwell in my native land; may the gods only release me from my toils. But if it is not my (ll. 922-935) Thence did they row with eagerness over destiny to sail afar and return to the land of Hellas, the depths of the black Sea, having on the one side the and if thou shouldst bear a male child, send him when land of the Thracians, on the other Imbros on the south; grown up to Pelasgian Iolcus, to heal the grief of my and as the sun was just setting they reached the foreland father and mother if so be that he find them still living, of the Chersonesus. There a strong south wind blew in order that, far away from the king, they may be cared for them; and raising the sails to the breeze they en-for by their own hearth in their home.” tered the swift stream of the maiden daughter of
Athamas; and at dawn the sea to the north was left their dwelling, and over them Cyzicus son of Aeneus behind and at night they were coasting inside the was king, whom Aenete the daughter of goodly Eusorus Rhoeteian shore, with the land of Ida on their right.
bare. But these men the Earthborn monsters, fearful And leaving Dardania they directed their course to though they were, in nowise harried, owing to the pro-Abydus, and after it they sailed past Percote and the tection of Poseidon; for from him had the Doliones sandy beach of Abarnis and divine Pityeia. And in that first sprung. Thither Argo pressed on, driven by the night, as the ship sped on by sail and oar, they passed winds of Thrace, and the Fair haven received her as right through the Hellespont dark-gleaming with eddies.
she sped. There they cast away their small anchorstone by the advice of Tiphys and left it beneath a fountain, (ll. 936-960) There is a lofty island inside the Propontis, the fountain of Artaeie; and they took another meet a short distance from the Phrygian mainland with its for their purpose, a heavy one; but the first, according rich cornfields, sloping to the sea, where an isthmus in to the oracle of the Far-Darter, the Ionians, sons of front of the mainland is flooded by the waves, so low Neleus, in after days laid to be a sacred stone, as was does it lie. And the isthmus has double shores, and right, in the temple of Jasonian Athena.
they lie beyond the river Aesepus, and the inhabitants round about call the island the Mount of Bears. And (ll. 961-988) Now the Doliones and Cyzicus himself insolent and fierce men dwell there, Earthborn, a great all came together to meet them with friendliness, and marvel to the neighbours to behold; for each one has when they knew of the quest and their lineage wel-six mighty hands to lift up, two from his sturdy shoul-comed them with hospitality, and persuaded them to ders, and four below, fitting close to his terrible sides.
row further and to fasten their ship’s hawsers at the And about the isthmus and the plain the Doliones had city harbour. Here they built an altar to Ecbasian 34
Apollo* and set it up on the beach, and gave heed to that they might themselves behold the various paths sacrifices. And the king of his own bounty gave them of that sea; and they brought their ship from its former sweet wine and sheep in their need; for he had heard a anchorage to the harbour, Chytus; and the path they report that whenever a godlike band of heroes should trod is named the path of Jason.
come, straightway he should meet it with gentle words and should have no thought of war. As with Jason, the (ll. 989-1011) But the Earthborn men on the other side soft down was just blooming on his chin, nor yet had it rushed down from the mountain and with crags below been his lot to rejoice in children, but still in his palace blocked up the mouth of vast Chytus towards the sea, his wife was untouched by the pangs of child-birth, the like men lying in wait for a wild beast within. But there daughter of Percosian Merops, fair-haired Cleite, whom Heracles had been left behind with the younger he-lately by priceless gifts he had brought from her father’s roes and he quickly bent his back-springing bow against home from the mainland opposite. But even so he left the monsters and brought them to earth one after an-his chamber and bridal bed and prepared a banquet other; and they in their turn raised huge ragged rocks among the strangers, casting all fears from his heart.
and hurled them. For these dread monsters too, I ween, And they questioned one another in turn. Of them the goddess Hera, bride of Zeus, had nurtured to be a would he learn the end of their voyage and the injunc-trial for Heracles. And therewithal came the rest of the tions of Pelias; while they enquired about the cities of martial heroes returning to meet the foe before they the people round and all the gulf of the wide Propontis; reached the height of outlook, and they fell to the but further he could not tell them for all their desire to slaughter of the Earthborn, receiving them with arrows learn. In the morning they climbed mighty Dindymum and spears until they slew them all as they rushed fiercely to battle. And as when woodcutters cast in rows
* i.e. god of disembarcation.
upon the beach long trees just hewn down by their did the Doliones clearly perceive that the heroes were axes, in order that, once sodden with brine, they may returning; but they deemed that Pelasgian war-men of receive the strong bolts; so these monsters at the en-the Macrians had landed. Therefore they donned their trance of the foam-fringed harbour lay stretched one armour and raised their hands against them. And with after another, some in heaps bending their heads and clashing of ashen spears and shields they fell on each breasts into the salt waves with their limbs spread out other, like the swift rush of fire which falls on dry brush-above on the land; others again were resting their heads wood and rears its crest; and the din of battle, terrible on the sand of the shore and their feet in the deep wa-and furious, fell upon the people of the Doliones. Nor ter, both alike a prey to birds and fishes at once.
was the king to escape his fate and return home from battle to his bridal chamber and bed. But Aeson’s son (ll. 1012-1076) But the heroes, when the contest was leapt upon him as he turned to face him, and smote ended without fear, loosed the ship’s hawsers to the him in the middle of the breast, and the bone was shat-breath of the wind and pressed on through the sea-tered round the spear; he rolled forward in the sand swell. And the ship sped on under sail all day; but when and filled up the measure of his fate. For that no mor-night came the rushing wind did not hold steadfast, tal may escape; but on every side a wide snare encom-but contrary blasts caught them and held them back passes us. And so, when he thought that he had es-till they again approached the hospitable Doliones. And caped bitter death from the chiefs, fate entangled him they stepped ashore that same night; and the rock is that very night in her toils while battling with them; still called the Sacred Rock round which they threw and many champions withal were slain; Heracles killed the ship’s hawsers in their haste. Nor did anyone note Telecles and Megabrontes, and Acastus slew Sphodris; with care that it was the same island; nor in the night and Peleus slew Zelus and Gephyrus swift in war.
Telamon of the strong spear slew Basileus. And Idas wrought an ill yet more awful, when she clasped a noose slew Promeus, and Clytius Hyacinthus, and the two round her neck. Her death even the nymphs of the sons of Tyndareus slew Megalossaces and Phlogius.
grove bewailed; and of all the tears for her that they And after them the son of Oeneus slew bold Itomeneus, shed to earth from their eyes the goddesses made a and Artaceus, leader of men; all of whom the inhabit-fountain, which they call Cleite, * the illustrious name ants still honour with the worship due to heroes. And of the hapless maid. Most terrible came that day from the rest gave way and fled in terror just as doves fly in Zeus upon the Doliones, women and men; for no one terror before swift-winged hawks. And with a din they of them dared even to taste food, nor for a long time rustled in a body to the gates; and quickly the city was by reason of grief did they take thought for the toil of filled with loud cries at the turning of the dolorous fight.
the cornmill, but they dragged on their lives eating their But at dawn both sides perceived the fatal and cureless food as it was, untouched by fire. Here even now, when error; and bitter grief seized the Minyan heroes when the Ionians that dwell in Cyzicus pour their yearly li-they saw before them Cyzicus son of Aeneus fallen in bations for the dead, they ever grind the meal for the the midst of dust and blood. And for three whole days sacrificial cakes at the common mill. **
they lamented and rent their hair, they and the Dollones. Then three times round his tomb they paced (ll. 1079-1091) After this, fierce tempests arose for in armour of bronze and performed funeral rites and twelve days and nights together and kept them there celebrated games, as was meet, upon the meadow-plain, from sailing. But in the next night the rest of the chief-where even now rises the mound of his grave to be tains, overcome by sleep, were resting during the lat-seen by men of a later day. No, nor was his bride Cleite est period of the night, while Acastus and Mopsus the left behind her dead husband, but to crown the ill she
* Cleite means illustrious.
** i.e. to avoid grinding it at home.
son of Ampyeus kept guard over their deep slumbers.
(ll. 1103-1152) Thus he spake, and his words were And above the golden head of Aeson’s son there hov-welcome to Jason’s ear. And he arose from his bed ered a halcyon prophesying with shrill voice the ceas-with joy and woke all his comrades hurriedly and told ing of the stormy winds; and Mopsus heard and un-them the prophecy of Mopsus the son of Ampycus.
derstood the cry of the bird of the shore, fraught with And quickly the younger men drove oxen from their good omen. And some god made it turn aside, and stalls and began to lead them to the mountain’s lofty flying aloft it settled upon the stern-ornament of the summit. And they loosed the hawsers from the sacred ship. And the seer touched Jason as he lay wrapped in rock and rowed to the Thracian harbour; and the he-soft sheepskins and woke him at once, and thus spake: roes climbed the mountain, leaving a few of their comrades in the ship. And to them the Macrian heights (ll. 1092-1102) “Son of Aeson, thou must climb to this and all the coast of Thrace opposite appeared to view temple on rugged Dindymum and propitiate the mother *
close at hand. And there appeared the misty mouth of of all the blessed gods on her fair throne, and the stormy Bosporus and the Mysian hills; and on the other side blasts shall cease. For such was the voice I heard but now the stream of the river Aesepus and the city and from the halcyon, bird of the sea, which, as it flew above Nepeian plain of Adrasteia. Now there was a sturdy thee in thy slumber, told me all. For by her power the stump of vine that grew in the forest, a tree exceeding winds and the sea and all the earth below and the snowy old; this they cut down, to be the sacred image of the seat of Olympus are complete; and to her, when from the mountain goddess; and Argus smoothed it skilfully, and mountains she ascends the mighty heaven, Zeus himself, they set it upon that rugged hill beneath a canopy of the son of Cronos, gives place. In like manner the rest of lofty oaks, which of all trees have their roots deepest.
the immortal blessed ones reverence the dread goddess.” And near it they heaped an altar of small stones, and
wreathed their brows with oak leaves and paid heed to left their lairs and thickets and came up fawning on sacrifice, invoking the mother of Dindymum, most them with their tails. And she caused yet another mar-venerable, dweller in Phrygia, and Titias and Cyllenus, vel; for hitherto there was no flow of water on who alone of many are called dispensers of doom and Dindymum, but then for them an unceasing stream assessors of the Idaean mother,—the Idaean Dactyls of gushed forth from the thirsty peak just as it was, and Crete, whom once the nymph Anchiale, as she grasped the dwellers around in after times called that stream, with both hands the land of Oaxus, bare in the Dictaean the spring of Jason. And then they made a feast in cave. And with many prayers did Aeson’s son beseech honour of the goddess on the Mount of Bears, singing the goddess to turn aside the stormy blasts as he poured the praises of Rhea most venerable; but at dawn the libations on the blazing sacrifice; and at the same time winds had ceased and they rowed away from the island.
by command of Orpheus the youths trod a measure dancing in full armour, and clashed with their swords (ll. 1153-1171) Thereupon a spirit of contention stirred on their shields, so that the ill-omened cry might be each chieftain, who should be the last to leave his oar.
lost in the air the wail which the people were still send-For all around the windless air smoothed the swirling ing up in grief for their king. Hence from that time waves and lulled the sea to rest. And they, trusting in forward the Phrygians propitiate Rhea with the wheel the calm, mightily drove the ship forward; and as she and the drum. And the gracious goddess, I ween, insped through the salt sea, not even the storm-footed clined her heart to pious sacrifices; and favourable signs steeds of Poseidon would have overtaken her. Never-appeared. The trees shed abundant fruit, and round theless when the sea was stirred by violent blasts which their feet the earth of its own accord put forth flowers were just rising from the rivers about evening, forspent from the tender grass. And the beasts of the wild wood with toil, they ceased. But Heracles by the might of his 39
arms pulled the weary rowers along all together, and pitably welcomed, and gave them in their need provi-made the strong-knit timbers of the ship to quiver. But sions and sheep and abundant wine. Hereupon some when, eager to reach the Mysian mainland, they passed brought dried wood, others from the meadows leaves along in sight of the mouth of Rhyndaeus and the great for beds which they gathered in abundance for strew-cairn of Aegaeon, a little way from Phrygia, then ing, whilst others were twirling sticks to get fire; others Heracles, as he ploughed up the furrows of the rough-again were mixing wine in the bowl and making ready ened surge, broke his oar in the middle. And one half the feast, after sacrificing at nightfall to Apollo Ecbasius.
he held in both his hands as he fell sideways, the other the sea swept away with its receding wave. And he sat (ll. 1187-1206) But the son of Zeus having duly en-up in silence glaring round; for his hands were unac-joined on his comrades to prepare the feast took his customed to he idle.
way into a wood, that he might first fashion for himself an oar to fit his hand. Wandering about he found a (ll. 1172-1186) Now at the hour when from the field pine not burdened with many branches, nor too full of some delver or ploughman goes gladly home to his leaves, but like to the shaft of a tall poplar; so great was hut, longing for his evening meal, and there on the it both in length and thickness to look at. And quickly threshold, all squalid with dust, bows his wearied knees, he laid on the ground his arrow-holding quiver together and, beholding his hands worn with toil, with many a with his bow, and took off his lion’s skin. And he loos-curse reviles his belly; at that hour the heroes reached ened the pine from the ground with his bronze-tipped the homes of the Cianian land near the Arganthonian club and grasped the trunk with both hands at the bot-mount and the outfall of Cius. Them as they came in tom, relying on his strength; and he pressed it against friendliness, the Mysians, inhabitants of that land, hos-his broad shoulder with legs wide apart; and clinging 40
close he raised it from the ground deep-rooted though him give up the ploughing ox against his will. For he it was, together with clods of earth. And as when un-desired to find some pretext for war against the expectedly, just at the time of the stormy setting of Dryopians for their bane, since they dwelt there reck-baleful Orion, a swift gust of wind strikes down from less of right. But these tales would lead me far astray above, and wrenches a ship’s mast from its stays, from my song. And quickly Hylas came to the spring wedges and all; so did Heracles lift the pine. And at which the people who dwell thereabouts call Pegae.
the same time he took up his bow and arrows, his lion And the dances of the nymphs were just now being skin and club, and started on his return.
held there; for it was the care of all the nymphs that haunted that lovely headland ever to hymn Artemis in (ll. 1207-1239) Meantime Hylas with pitcher of bronze songs by night. All who held the mountain peaks or in hand had gone apart from the throng, seeking the glens, all they were ranged far off guarding the woods; sacred flow of a fountain, that he might be quick in but one, a water-nymph was just rising from the fair-drawing water for the evening meal and actively make flowing spring; and the boy she perceived close at hand all things ready in due order against his lord’s return.
with the rosy flush of his beauty and sweet grace. For For in such ways did Heracles nurture him from his the full moon beaming from the sky smote him. And first childhood when he had carried him off from the Cypris made her heart faint, and in her confusion she house of his father, goodly Theiodamas, whom the hero could scarcely gather her spirit back to her. But as soon pitilessly slew among the Dryopians because he withas he dipped the pitcher in the stream, leaning to one stood him about an ox for the plough. Theiodamas side, and the brimming water rang loud as it poured was cleaving with his plough the soil of fallow land against the sounding bronze, straightway she laid her when he was smitten with the curse; and Heracles bade left arm above upon his neck yearning to kiss his ten-41
der mouth; and with her right hand she drew down his ship through the darkness. And straightway he told elbow, and plunged him into the midst of the eddy.
the wretched calamity while his heart laboured with his panting breath.
(ll. 1240-1256) Alone of his comrades the hero Polyphemus, son of Eilatus, as he went forward on the (ll. 1257-1260) “My poor friend, I shall be the first to path, heard the boy’s cry, for he expected the return of bring thee tidings of bitter woe. Hylas has gone to the mighty Heracles. And he rushed after the cry, near well and has not returned safe, but robbers have at-Pegae, like some beast of the wild wood whom the tacked and are carrying him off, or beasts are tearing bleating of sheep has reached from afar, and burning him to pieces; I heard his cry.” with hunger he follows, but does not fall in with the flocks; for the shepherds beforehand have penned them (ll. 1261-1272) Thus he spake; and when Heracles heard in the fold, but he groans and roars vehemently until his words, sweat in abundance poured down from his he is weary. Thus vehemently at that time did the son temples and the black blood boiled beneath his heart.
of Eilatus groan and wandered shouting round the spot; And in wrath he hurled the pine to the ground and and his voice rang piteous. Then quickly drawing his hurried along the path whither his feet bore on his great sword he started in pursuit, in fear lest the boy impetuous soul. And as when a bull stung by a gadfly should be the prey of wild beasts, or men should have tears along, leaving the meadows and the marsh land, lain in ambush for him faring all alone, and be carry-and recks not of herdsmen or herd, but presses on, ing him off, an easy prey. Hereupon as he brandished now without cheek, now standing still, and raising his his bare sword in his hand he met Heracles himself on broad neck he bellows loudly, stung by the madden-the path, and well he knew him as he hastened to the ing fly; so he in his frenzy now would ply his swift 42
knees unresting, now again would cease from toil and (ll. 1290-1295) “Sit there at thy ease, for it was fitting shout afar with loud pealing cry.
for thee to leave Heracles behind; from thee the project arose, so that his glory throughout Hellas should not (ll. 1273-1289) But straightway the morning star rose overshadow thee, if so be that heaven grants us a re-above the topmost peaks and the breeze swept down; turn home. But what pleasure is there in words? For I and quickly did Tiphys urge them to go aboard and will go, I only, with none of thy comrades, who have avail themselves of the wind. And they embarked ea-helped thee to plan this treachery.” gerly forthwith; and they drew up the ship’s anchors and hauled the ropes astern. And the sails were bellied (ll. 1296-1314) He spake, and rushed upon Tiphys son out by the wind, and far from the coast were they joy-of Hagnias; and his eyes sparkled like flashes of raven-fully borne past the Posideian headland. But at the hour ing flame. And they would quickly have turned back when gladsome dawn shines from heaven, rising from to the land of the Mysians, forcing their way through the east, and the paths stand out clearly, and the dewy the deep sea and the unceasing blasts of the wind, had plains shine with a bright gleam, then at length they not the two sons of Thracian Boreas held back the son were aware that unwittingly they had abandoned those of Aeacus with harsh words. Hapless ones, assuredly a men. And a fierce quarrel fell upon them, and violent bitter vengeance came upon them thereafter at the tumult, for that they had sailed and left behind the brav-hands of Heracles, because they stayed the search for est of their comrades. And Aeson’s son, bewildered by him. For when they were returning from the games their hapless plight, said never a word, good or bad; over Pelias dead he slew them in sea-girt Tenos and but sat with his heavy load of grief, eating out his heart.
heaped the earth round them, and placed two columns And wrath seized Telamon, and thus he spake: above, one of which, a great marvel for men to see, 43