Silence of a Soldier HTML version

prisoners had to stand the better part of the days to reach three spigots in the center of the camp. Salt and sweet
potato were added to the rice diet. Most could not eat because of malaria and dysentery. The sick lay on floors
in a so called hospital Covered with feces, blood vomit and flies. Major William E. Dyess............We were
marched for several days without water or food. We were made to sit in the boiling sun during the day and not
permitted to lie down at night. Prisoners who fell out of line because of sickness were killed on the spot. Several
were buries alive. The prisoners were terrorized and dehumanized. During the first week at O’Donnell, twenty
men a day perished. During the second week the numbers rose to fifty a day. Regardless of their weakened
condition, the prisoners were forced into work details. The great sadness was to see the prisoners die as they
buried their dead.
Report On American Prisoners of War Interned by the Japanese in the Philippines. Prepared by the Office Of
The Provost Marshall General, 19 November, 1945 There were several interment camps at Cabanatuan. The
camps were twelve miles from the town of Cabanatuan. Camp # 1 held the relatively healthy prisoners who
surrendered at Corregidor. Camp #2 held the prisoners from Bataan and other parts of the Philippines. Camp # 3
served as a makeshift hospital. The very ill from camps #1 and #2 were sent to Camp 3. It was a death camp and
the burial details were from camps #1 and #2. These camps were administered far better than Camp O’Donnell.
The death rate at Camps two and three was greater than that of Camp one. The high death rate was due to
starvation, dysentery, scurvy, malaria, and beriberi. The officers of the Camps organized the camps into
administration, kitchens, and dispensaries. There were medical doctors dentists and medical corpsmen among
the prisoners, but they had very little drugs to work with. It should be noted that the large number of deaths at
these camps was also due to the cut in rations prior to surrender. The fighting men had their rations cut to one
eighth of the ordinary daily rations. Consequently, both the prisoners from Bataan and Corregidor were in vary
poor health at the time of capture.
Report by: Capt. James I Norwood
Capt. Emily L Shek
31 July 1946
Hoten was the name of the POW camp on the outskirts of Mukden, Manchuria, ( Shenyang, China ) three
miles northeast of the walled city. The camp was several miles from the industrial part of the city which housed
the Japanese MKK factories. These factories manufactured airplane parts, structural steel, and tannery goods.
The camp held prisoners from Bataan,Corregidor,and Singapore. There were three brick buildings for housing,
very similar to Japanese Barracks. The men slept on raised wooden platforms with a straw mattress beneath
them. The rooms were heated by two small stoves which were inadequate to ward off the 20 below zero outside
temperatures. In a separate building there were 22 showers and three pools. This facility was not heated.
Another brick building was used as a cookhouse and bakery. The prisoners did the cooking and baking under
Japanese supervision. It was then carried in large buckets to the barracks where it was distributed to the
prisoners.The food was the same every day. Breakfast consisted of corn mush. Supper and dinner was a watery
vegetable soup and a bun. The vegetables were grown by the prisoners on a plot of land next to the barracks.
The vegetables were varied and in good supply. The prisoners were marched to the factories every day except
Sunday. On Sunday and holidays, the prisoners could play sports on an open field next to the barracks. YMCA
had provided over 1000 books for a small library.
The Russian Red Army Guard was under the command of Colonel Skriknikov. He and Colonel Pilet of the
American Army jointly created a list of prisoners at Hoten. The document was signed by the above officers. On
August 10 and 11 of 1945, a list of 1,383 officers and soldiers of the allied forces was made by the Russians and
Americans. Gradually the men were released from the camp. The less ill were transported by rail to
Dairen(Luda, China). The very ill were flown to their respective military centers. On August 24, 1945, 47