Lady Chatterley' s Lover by D.H. Lawrence - HTML preview
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Connie and Clifford came home to Wragby in the autumn of 1920. Miss
Chatterley, still disgusted at her brother's defection, had departed and
was living in a little flat in London.
Wragby was a long low old house in brown stone, begun about the
middle of the eighteenth century, and added on to, till it was a warren of
a place without much distinction. It stood on an eminence in a rather line
old park of oak trees, but alas, one could see in the near distance the
chimney of Tevershall pit, with its clouds of steam and smoke, and on
the damp, hazy distance of the hill the raw straggle of Tevershall village,
a village which began almost at the park gates, and trailed in utter hope-
less ugliness for a long and gruesome mile: houses, rows of wretched,
small, begrimed, brick houses, with black slate roofs for lids, sharp
angles and wilful, blank dreariness.
Connie was accustomed to Kensington or the Scotch hills or the Sussex
downs: that was her England. With the stoicism of the young she took in
the utter, soulless ugliness of the coal-and-iron Midlands at a glance, and
left it at what it was: unbelievable and not to be thought about. From the
rather dismal rooms at Wragby she heard the rattle-rattle of the screens
at the pit, the puff of the winding-engine, the clink-clink of shunting
trucks, and the hoarse little whistle of the colliery locomotives.
Tevershall pit-bank was burning, had been burning for years, and it
would cost thousands to put it out. So it had to burn. And when the
wind was that way, which was often, the house was full of the stench of
this sulphurous combustion of the earth's excrement. But even on wind-
less days the air always smelt of something under-earth: sulphur, iron,
coal, or acid. And even on the Christmas roses the smuts settled persist-
ently, incredible, like black manna from the skies of doom.
Well, there it was: fated like the rest of things! It was rather awful, but
why kick? You couldn't kick it away. It just went on. Life, like all the rest!
On the low dark ceiling of cloud at night red blotches burned and
quavered, dappling and swelling and contracting, like burns that give
pain. It was the furnaces. At first they fascinated Connie with a sort of
horror; she felt she was living underground. Then she got used to them.
And in the morning it rained.
Clifford professed to like Wragby better than London. This country
had a grim will of its own, and the people had guts. Connie wondered
what else they had: certainly neither eyes nor minds. The people were as
haggard, shapeless, and dreary as the countryside, and as unfriendly.
Only there was something in their deep-mouthed slurring of the dialect,
and the thresh-thresh of their hob-nailed pit-boots as they trailed home
in gangs on the asphalt from work, that was terrible and a bit
There had been no welcome home for the young squire, no festivities,
no deputation, not even a single flower. Only a dank ride in a motor-car
up a dark, damp drive, burrowing through gloomy trees, out to the slope
of the park where grey damp sheep were feeding, to the knoll where the
house spread its dark brown facade, and the housekeeper and her hus-
band were hovering, like unsure tenants on the face of the earth, ready to
stammer a welcome.
There was no communication between Wragby Hall and Tevershall
village, none. No caps were touched, no curtseys bobbed. The colliers
merely stared; the tradesmen lifted their caps to Connie as to an ac-
quaintance, and nodded awkwardly to Clifford; that was all. Gulf im-
passable, and a quiet sort of resentment on either side. At first Connie
suffered from the steady drizzle of resentment that came from the vil-
lage. Then she hardened herself to it, and it became a sort of tonic,
something to live up to. It was not that she and Clifford were unpopular,
they merely belonged to another species altogether from the colliers.
Gulf impassable, breach indescribable, such as is perhaps nonexistent
south of the Trent. But in the Midlands and the industrial North gulf im-
passable, across which no communication could take place. You stick to
your side, I'll stick to mine! A strange denial of the common pulse of
Yet the village sympathized with Clifford and Connie in the abstract.
In the flesh it was—You leave me alone!—on either side.
The rector was a nice man of about sixty, full of his duty, and reduced,
personally, almost to a nonentity by the silent—You leave me alone!—of
the village. The miners' wives were nearly all Methodists. The miners
were nothing. But even so much official uniform as the clergyman wore
was enough to obscure entirely the fact that he was a man like any other
man. No, he was Mester Ashby, a sort of automatic preaching and pray-
This stubborn, instinctive—We think ourselves as good as you, if you
are Lady Chatterley!—puzzled and baffled Connie at first extremely. The curious, suspicious, false amiability with which the miners' wives met
her overtures; the curiously offensive tinge of—Oh dear me! I am somebody now, with Lady Chatterley talking to me! But she needn't think I'm
not as good as her for all that!—which she always heard twanging in the
women's half-fawning voices, was impossible. There was no getting past
it. It was hopelessly and offensively nonconformist.
Clifford left them alone, and she learnt to do the same: she just went
by without looking at them, and they stared as if she were a walking wax
figure. When he had to deal with them, Clifford was rather haughty and
contemptuous; one could no longer afford to be friendly. In fact he was
altogether rather supercilious and contemptuous of anyone not in his
own class. He stood his ground, without any attempt at conciliation.
And he was neither liked nor disliked by the people: he was just part of
things, like the pit-bank and Wragby itself.
But Clifford was really extremely shy and self-conscious now he was
lamed. He hated seeing anyone except just the personal servants. For he
had to sit in a wheeled chair or a sort of bath-chair. Nevertheless he was
just as carefully dressed as ever, by his expensive tailors, and he wore
the careful Bond Street neckties just as before, and from the top he
looked just as smart and impressive as ever. He had never been one of
the modern ladylike young men: rather bucolic even, with his ruddy face
and broad shoulders. But his very quiet, hesitating voice, and his eyes, at
the same time bold and frightened, assured and uncertain, revealed his
nature. His manner was often offensively supercilious, and then again
modest and self-effacing, almost tremulous.
Connie and he were attached to one another, in the aloof modern way.
He was much too hurt in himself, the great shock of his maiming, to be
easy and flippant. He was a hurt thing. And as such Connie stuck to him
But she could not help feeling how little connexion he really had with
people. The miners were, in a sense, his own men; but he saw them as
objects rather than men, parts of the pit rather than parts of life, crude
raw phenomena rather than human beings along with him. He was in
some way afraid of them, he could not bear to have them look at him
now he was lame. And their queer, crude life seemed as unnatural as
that of hedgehogs.
He was remotely interested; but like a man looking down a micro-
scope, or up a telescope. He was not in touch. He was not in actual touch
with anybody, save, traditionally, with Wragby, and, through the close
bond of family defence, with Emma. Beyond this nothing really touched
him. Connie felt that she herself didn't really, not really touch him; per-
haps there was nothing to get at ultimately; just a negation of human
Yet he was absolutely dependent on her, he needed her every moment.
Big and strong as he was, he was helpless. He could wheel himself about
in a wheeled chair, and he had a sort of bath-chair with a motor attach-
ment, in which he could puff slowly round the park. But alone he was
like a lost thing. He needed Connie to be there, to assure him he existed
Still he was ambitious. He had taken to writing stories; curious, very
personal stories about people he had known. Clever, rather spiteful, and
yet, in some mysterious way, meaningless. The observation was ex-
traordinary and peculiar. But there was no touch, no actual contact. It
was as if the whole thing took place in a vacuum. And since the field of
life is largely an artificially-lighted stage today, the stories were curi-
ously true to modern life, to the modern psychology, that is.
Clifford was almost morbidly sensitive about these stories. He wanted
everyone to think them good, of the best, ne plus ultra. They appeared in the most modern magazines, and were praised and blamed as usual. But
to Clifford the blame was torture, like knives goading him. It was as if
the whole of his being were in his stories.
Connie helped him as much as she could. At first she was thrilled. He
talked everything over with her monotonously, insistently, persistently,
and she had to respond with all her might. It was as if her whole soul
and body and sex had to rouse up and pass into theme stories of his. This
thrilled her and absorbed her.
Of physical life they lived very little. She had to superintend the
house. But the housekeeper had served Sir Geoffrey for many years, and
the dried-up, elderly, superlatively correct female you could hardly call
her a parlour-maid, or even a woman… who waited at table, had been in
the house for forty years. Even the very housemaids were no longer
young. It was awful! What could you do with such a place, but leave it
alone! All these endless rooms that nobody used, all the Midlands
routine, the mechanical cleanliness and the mechanical order! Clifford
had insisted on a new cook, an experienced woman who had served him
in his rooms in London. For the rest the place seemed run by mechanical
anarchy. Everything went on in pretty good order, strict cleanliness, and
strict punctuality; even pretty strict honesty. And yet, to Connie, it was a
methodical anarchy. No warmth of feeling united it organically. The
house seemed as dreary as a disused street.
What could she do but leave it alone? So she left it alone. Miss Chatter-
ley came sometimes, with her aristocratic thin face, and triumphed, find-
ing nothing altered. She would never forgive Connie for ousting her
from her union in consciousness with her brother. It was she, Emma,
who should be bringing forth the stories, these books, with him; the
Chatterley stories, something new in the world, that they, the Chatterleys, had put there. There was no other standard. There was no organic
connexion with the thought and expression that had gone before. Only
something new in the world: the Chatterley books, entirely personal.
Connie's father, where he paid a flying visit to Wragby, and in private
to his daughter: As for Clifford's writing, it's smart, but there's nothing in it. It won't last! Connie looked at the burly Scottish knight who had done himself well all his life, and her eyes, her big, still-wondering blue eyes
became vague. Nothing in it! What did he mean by nothing in it? If the
critics praised it, and Clifford's name was almost famous, and it even
brought in money… what did her father mean by saying there was noth-
ing in Clifford's writing? What else could there be?
For Connie had adopted the standard of the young: what there was in
the moment was everything. And moments followed one another
without necessarily belonging to one another.
It was in her second winter at Wragby her father said to her: 'I hope,
Connie, you won't let circumstances force you into being a demi-vierge.'
'A demi-vierge!' replied Connie vaguely. 'Why? Why not?'
'Unless you like it, of course!' said her father hastily. To Clifford he
said the same, when the two men were alone: 'I'm afraid it doesn't quite
suit Connie to be a demi-vierge.'
'A half-virgin!' replied Clifford, translating the phrase to be sure of it.
He thought for a moment, then flushed very red. He was angry and
'In what way doesn't it suit her?' he asked stiffly.
'She's getting thin… angular. It's not her style. She's not the pilchard
sort of little slip of a girl, she's a bonny Scotch trout.'
'Without the spots, of course!' said Clifford.
He wanted to say something later to Connie about the demi-vierge
business… the half-virgin state of her affairs. But he could not bring him-
self to do it. He was at once too intimate with her and not intimate
enough. He was so very much at one with her, in his mind and hers, but
bodily they were non-existent to one another, and neither could bear to
drag in the corpus delicti. They were so intimate, and utterly out of
Connie guessed, however, that her father had said something, and that
something was in Clifford's mind. She knew that he didn't mind whether
she were demi-vierge or demi-monde, so long as he didn't absolutely
know, and wasn't made to see. What the eye doesn't see and the mind
doesn't know, doesn't exist.
Connie and Clifford had now been nearly two years at Wragby, living
their vague life of absorption in Clifford and his work. Their interests
had never ceased to flow together over his work. They talked and
wrestled in the throes of composition, and felt as if something were hap-
pening, really happening, really in the void.
And thus far it was a life: in the void. For the rest it was non-existence.
Wragby was there, the servants… but spectral, not really existing. Con-
nie went for walks in the park, and in the woods that joined the park,
and enjoyed the solitude and the mystery, kicking the brown leaves of
autumn, and picking the primroses of spring. But it was all a dream; or
rather it was like the simulacrum of reality. The oak-leaves were to her
like oak-leaves seen ruffling in a mirror, she herself was a figure some-
body had read about, picking primroses that were only shadows or
memories, or words. No substance to her or anything… no touch, no
contact! Only this life with Clifford, this endless spinning of webs of
yarn, of the minutiae of consciousness, these stories Sir Malcolm said
there was nothing in, and they wouldn't last. Why should there be any-
thing in them, why should they last? Sufficient unto the day is the evil
thereof. Sufficient unto the moment is the appearance of reality.
Clifford had quite a number of friends, acquaintances really, and he
invited them to Wragby. He invited all sorts of people, critics and
writers, people who would help to praise his books. And they were
flattered at being asked to Wragby, and they praised. Connie understood
it all perfectly. But why not? This was one of the fleeting patterns in the
mirror. What was wrong with it?
She was hostess to these people… mostly men. She was hostess also to
Clifford's occasional aristocratic relations. Being a soft, ruddy, country-
looking girl, inclined to freckles, with big blue eyes, and curling, brown
hair, and a soft voice, and rather strong, female loins she was considered
a little old-fashioned and 'womanly'. She was not a 'little pilchard sort of
fish', like a boy, with a boy's flat breast and little buttocks. She was too
feminine to be quite smart.
So the men, especially those no longer young, were very nice to her in-
deed. But, knowing what torture poor Clifford would feel at the slightest
sign of flirting on her part, she gave them no encouragement at all. She
was quiet and vague, she had no contact with them and intended to have
none. Clifford was extraordinarily proud of himself.
His relatives treated her quite kindly. She knew that the kindliness in-
dicated a lack of fear, and that these people had no respect for you unless
you could frighten them a little. But again she had no contact. She let
them be kindly and disdainful, she let them feel they had no need to
draw their steel in readiness. She had no real connexion with them.
Time went on. Whatever happened, nothing happened, because she
was so beautifully out of contact. She and Clifford lived in their ideas
and his books. She entertained… there were always people in the house.
Time went on as the clock does, half past eight instead of half past seven.