Handywoman's Home Repairs by Gloria Rae - HTML preview

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How to fix a toilet leak

First and foremost, you have to tighten all the connections. If the leak persists, then find the leak's source by drying everything with a towel or an old cloth. Then search for where the water is leaking out. The two mechanisms that operate simultaneously when a toilet is flushed are known as a flush valve and a fill (ball cock) valve.

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For leaks at the Fill Valve

Turn off the water supply to the toilet; flush out all the water in the tank and sponge out the remaining water.

Use a wrench to disconnect the supply-tube-coupling nut and remove the fill valve's mounting nut.

Lift out the fill valve to clean the gasket and washer. If either one of them is damaged or dried out, replace it.

Reseat the valve, carefully centering it in the hole and holding it vertical as you tighten the mounting nut about a half turn past the point of full contact.

Reinstall the water-supply tube and turn on the water to test it. If necessary, tighten the mounting nut a little more

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For leaks at the flush valve

Drain the tank and supply-tube coupling as described earlier. Remove the tank's mounting bolts using a large standard screwdriver on the bolt.

Use other tools, if required.

Lift off the tank.

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With the tank upside down, pull or twist off the rubber spud washer and use a spud wrench to unscrew the large locking nut from the flush valve.

Lay the tank on its side and remove the flush valve.

Remove the beveled cone washer from the flush valve. Clean it and the spud washer with a soapy sponge (or replace them if they are in poor condition).

Reverse the procedure to reinstall the tank. Make sure the beveled side of the cone washer is facing the tank's inside and the beveled side of the spud washer is facing the bowl.

Tips:

Leaks that appear to come from either the fill valve or the flush valve may actually be passing through hairline tank cracks at those locations. If so, you need to replace the tank.

When you remove the tank to work on it, place it on a bath mat or similar padding to protect both the flooring and the tank.

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How to unclog a toilet

Using a plunger:

If the bowl is full or overflowing, use a disposable plastic container to take out half of the water.

If the bowl is empty, then add water to it.

Place the plunger firmly over the larger drain opening and move it up and down rapidly several times. If the water goes down the drain, you have probably removed the blockage.

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Use the plunger again to be sure the water is running freely.

Then, pour in a pail of water and plunge one more time before flushing the toilet to refill the bowl.

If the blockage still remains after plunging, then it’s time to use an auger.

Using an auger:

Determine the direction in which to guide the auger.

Feed the curved tip of the auger into the drain opening. Crank clockwise and push with moderate pressure until the auger tightens up.

Then crank in the other direction. When the auger tightens again, reverse the direction until the auger is deep inside the drain.

Pull the handle up and out to remove the auger. If it jams, push gently, then pull again.

You may have to turn the handle as you pull up.

Using an auger may either push the blockage through or pull it up in the bowl. After using the auger, remove any large pieces, wearing rubber gloves.

Finish with a plunger to ensure that the drain runs freely.

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Clear a Blocked Showerhead.

If you have a clogged showerhead (not brass because the vinegar would damage the brass finish), fill a plastic bag with vinegar.

Tie the plastic bag to the showerhead so that the head can soak in the vinegar overnight.

In the morning, rinse the showerhead. It should be clean and working great.

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How to Unclog a Sprinkler System

Turn off the sprinkler system and remove all the nozzles and heads.

Turn on the water and let it run until a solid, clean stream flows from each head opening.

Then turn the water off.

Dismantle each nozzle according to the directions in your owner's manual.

Hold the nozzle under a faucet or hose to blast out debris. Open small, clogged holes using a piece of wire or a paper clip.

Rinse out the filter basket or screen.

Reassemble and replace the heads and nozzles.

Then turn on the water.

Remember:

To dismantle some nozzles, you'll need a screwdriver or a special key that comes with the whole system. Some other sprinklers can be taken apart by hand. Back to the Index

How to open a clogged drain

How to fix a clogged drain? Or, how to fix a clogged sink? These are among the most common problems; almost everyone has faced this situation.

Before you call your plumber to fix the problem, try to fix it yourself with these easy steps.

Remember a simple suction cup can often open a clogged sink drain.

If not, then first remove the basket strainer from the drain. Run (preferably) hot water until it stands about 2" deep in the sink.

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Take a suction cup plunger and pump up and down directly over the clogged drain. The water in the sink provides a seal.

If the suction cup does not clear the drain in a few minutes, you will probably have to remove some of the pipes to get the job done.

If you cannot open the drain with the suction cup, set a vessel underneath the sink trap and remove the clean out plug and washer.

If the drain is only slightly clogged, a few quick probes with a screwdriver may solve the problem. If the drain is still clogged, then proceed further.

A drain auger works best.

The drain auger can be inserted deeply into the pipe.

After the drainpipe is opened, replace the clean out plug and washer.

Run hot water through the pipe to remove any dirt, or other accumulations present.

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How to Replace a Light Switch

Turn off the power at the main circuit breaker or fuse box.

Test by flipping the switch on to make sure the power is off.

Remove the screws holding the cover plate with a screwdriver and take the plate off.

Remove the screws holding the switch inside the electrical box.

Pull the switch out of the wall. The switch should come out a few inches, exposing the wires.

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Remove the screws holding the two wires coming out of the wall to the switch.

Make sure to tag the wires so that you know which came from which screw and which place (they are usually color-coded).

Buy the same kind of switch from the hardware store. If you want to place a new style switch, it should be of the same size, so that it can fit in the same place with ease.

Attach the wires to the screws on the switch in accord with your earlier tags or marks.

Secure the new switch in the box with mounting screws.

Replace the switch cover.

Test your work; turn on the switch to check whether it works properly.

Things to Remember:

Marking which wire came from which screw prevents dangerous wiring mix-ups.

Purchase a tester. It will help you.

Follow the instructions carefully.

If you don’t achieve the desired result, then get in touch with an expert.

Safety Tips:

Wear Gloves.

Use the right tools.

Protect yourself from shocks of any kind.

Keep the tools away from children.

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How to Paint a Window Frame

Painting around a window requires some skill and understanding of the whole process.

But, it’s not that difficult. Just follow these steps to get the desired result.

Tape all the parts near or over the window frame that are not supposed to be painted, such as catches, hinges, etc.

Clean the glass before you paint the frame to keep dust and grime from getting into the paint.

Tape off the window, leaving a small gap between the frame and the glass.

Begin with the horizontal crosspieces, then do the top and bottom horizontal pieces.

Later on, paint the vertical crosspieces if there are any.

Paint the window molding (if required).

Peel the tape off the glass when the paint is nearly dry to touch, but don't wait until it's completely dry.

The tape may pull the paint up with it if it's too dry.

Remove any accidental drips on the glass with a paint scraper.

Important points to remember:

Follow the instructions carefully

Keep paint and other solvents away from children

Wear gloves to protect your hands

Wear an eye protector if needed

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How to Repair a Sliding Door

The most common problem with sliding doors is they stick and don’t move freely.

Follow these tips to solve your problem.

Check the floor track for dirt, leaves, pebbles, mildew or other junk that can obstruct the rollers.

Also, look for dents or dings that may cause the door to stick.

Squirt a little bit of powdered graphite into the rollers, to lubricate them.

Rub a block of paraffin along the tracks.

Check the alignment of the latch if it's not catching properly.

Loosen the screws and align the mount properly with the latch.

Check the weather stripping. Pressure-sensitive or stick-on weather stripping can be applied around a draughty sliding door.

Tips:

Clean the frame with a rag dipped in denatured alcohol before applying weather stripping.

Wear gloves while performing the activity.

Vacuum the track periodically with your vacuum cleaner’s hose attachment

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Furniture Repairs

How to Repair a Wobbly Chair or Table

Wooden Chairs

Place the chair upside down on top of a plastic sheet or a drop cloth.

Carefully measure the length of each leg to determine the particular leg that may be the reason for the wobble.

On the other three legs, make a pencil mark at the same length as the wobbly one.

Gently sand each of the longer three legs until you reach the pencil mark, starting with coarse (80-grit) sandpaper and ending with fine (220-grit) sandpaper.

Sand the chair outdoors so that the dust particles won’t spoil your home.

Metal Chairs

If the chair has metal, cork or plastic glides, check to make sure no glide is missing. If a glide is missing, buy a replacement one at a hardware store. Glides are small disks used to protect floors from furniture.

Other Tips

If one chair leg is shorter than the other three, then place a glide on the shorter leg to make up the difference instead of sanding down the other three legs.

Examine the chair joints - a loose one will cause the chair to wobble. Reinforce a loose joint with wood glue

Once the work is done, make sure that you touch-up the portion with matching paint.

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Wear gloves while working.

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How to caulk a bathtub

There are times when you would find yourself in a scenario wherein the joint between the tub and the wall of your toilet has opened up. And there is leakage. Thus it's time to do the process of caulking around the bathtub.

Firstly, remove all loose material from the bathtub area and clean the area with rubbing alcohol.

Then, remove the old caulk, either by softening it with a heat gun or by scraping out the old caulk with a sharp putty knife.

If that doesn’t work, then use a hammer and a chisel.

You can also use a solvent called the ‘Caulk Remover’ from any local hardware store or home improvement store. Follow the supplied instructions.

After a couple of hours, the loosened caulk can be removed with a putty knife. If the caulk still remains firm, then you may want to carefully use a safety razor to remove it.

After that, clean the surface with water and allow it to dry.

Then, caulk the joint again with a flexible silicone- or urethane-based caulk. You can even purchase special bathtub caulks now. These caulks resist water and mildew, and they remain flexible to allow for movement.

Be sure to pick a color that matches the adhesive which you use.

It is a good idea to fill the tub with water before you replace the caulk. A tub always moves with the weight of the water so, if there is water, you will be filling the joint when Copyright © 2005 - All rights reserved

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it's forced open and it will accommodate more movement when the tub is filled in the future.

After the caulk has partially cured or placed, drain the water.

Discard the excess caulk and then use a damp rag or cloth to carefully remove any caulk that has got on to the porcelain or tile surfaces. At this point, the caulk is moist enough to be wiped up easily.

If you want to, you can repeat this process for the other interior seams also. If necessary, caulk the exterior seams between the floor and the top of the tub for extra protection.

If the caulk still seems a bit uneven after the whole process, then you can drag a wet finger across it before it dries. This will help to smooth it out.

Allow the caulk to lay/stay for at least a day (preferably longer) before using the bathtub.

Safety tips to keep in mind:

Keep your hands protected (wear gloves)

Keep tools and other solvents away from children

Wear eye protection if you have to chisel out the old caulk

Make sure that you follow all the instructions properly

Important:

Make sure that you understand the whole process before you start. If you are not comfortable with any step or process, don’t do the project. If you find yourself stuck at any moment, call for help - preferably a plumber or an expert in the same field.

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How to Change a Door knob

Give your door a new look - installing a new doorknob is easy. Remember that almost all door mechanisms are interchangeable.

Detach the trim (the ring of metal between both doorknobs and the door) by removing the screws that hold it. Sometimes the trim has to be gently pried off rather than unscrewed.

Remove all the screws under the trim. There are long screws that are attached at the doorknobs on either side of the door.

Pull the doorknobs apart and remove them from the door

Remove the screws that hold the bolt (the locking mechanism), which remains attached to the door, and extract the bolt.

Look at the metal strike plate attached to the frame around the door (this is what catches the bolt). If the strike plate is not loose and is the right color, leave it there. Otherwise, detach it from the doorjamb by removing its screws.

Insert the new bolt into the door and screw it into place. Remember to face the slanted side toward the direction the door closes in.

Place a trim piece between one new doorknob and the door, and insert the doorknob. The mechanism of the new doorknob should be the same.

Insert the other doorknob and trim piece on the other side of the door, making sure the two are aligned so that the long screws can hold them together.

Tighten the screws gradually, alternating each one so that the doorknobs come together evenly.

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Key Points to remember

As you remove the various parts, put them back together in the same positions they were in, including screws.

If the new bolt mechanism or strike plate feels loose, replace the screws with longer ones.

If you stumble at any level, and you can’t repair it further, then get professional help.

Safety Tips:

Wear gloves to protect your hands

Follow the instructions carefully

Go slowly. Make sure that you understand all the steps as it can be confusing Keep the tools and other important parts away from children

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How to Fix a Drawer That Sticks

Examine the whole drawer/bureau.

Swap the sticking drawer with another same-size drawer in the piece of furniture if that will fix the problem.

If this doesn't help, look in the bureau opening where the drawer is. Is there an obstruction, like a nail or a lost sock? If a nail is poking out, hammer it into the wood. If a sock is causing the problem, remove it.

If you don't find any obstructions, lightly sand the runners of a wood drawer, then rub them with paraffin, beeswax or bar soap.

If the drawer is metal, wipe the runners with a dry rag/cloth and apply a small amount of lubricating oil.

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If the bottom of the drawer sags, causing it to drag, slip out the bottom of the drawer.

Then flip it over and re-insert it into the drawer.

If one of the corners or a side is loose, glue it into place with wood glue. Hold the sides together with a corner clamp while the glue dries.

Consider the following option as a last resort, since it permanently alters the drawer.

Sand down a side of the drawer so it fits more smoothly into the bureau.

Tips:

Excess moisture, due to rain or humidity, can make wood swell and often causes the drawers to stick. Apply wax, such as beeswax or paraffin, to seal the wood and help prevent moisture-induced swelling in future. Wear gloves to protect your hands while doing the application.

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Cleaning

How to Remove Rust

Follow these tips to get rid of rust and prevent its return to most surfaces.

First and foremost, put on your rubber gloves.

Treat the affected material (metal or otherwise) with a rust-removing agent that contains oxalic acid.

Follow the instructions, as given on the label of the product you are using, carefully.

Prevent indoor metal items from rusting by keeping their surfaces dry, dusting them regularly and wiping them down with a damp cloth and then drying them immediately.

Keep outdoor wrought-iron structures rust-free by removing existing rust with a wire brush and some sandpaper or a sandblaster.

Safety Tips

Follow the instructions carefully

Keep the solvent away from children

The solvents are combustible, so use them carefully

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How to clean an Oven

Fast cleaning:

Only use this method if you have an oven cleaner that is not affected by heat and does not contain inflammable ingredients – double-check this before use.

1] Remove oven racks and soak them in soapy water.

2] Pre-heat oven to 200 degrees.

3] Turn the oven off and spray the inside with oven cleaner (see important note above).

4] Allow the mixture to sit in the machine for 10 minutes.

5] Wipe the cleaner and dirt away with a damp sponge, rinsing frequently.

6] Dry with a soft cloth.

Self-Cleaning

1] Remove oven racks and soak them in soapy water.

2] Turn on your automatic oven cleaner. This usually means locking the door and turning the function switch to ‘clean’.

Let the oven do its work; it will heat for several hours to remove baked-on foods.

Safety Tips

Wear Gloves

Wear goggles (if needed)

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How to Clean Your Barbeque Grill

If your barbeque has a painted, a non-stick or an aluminum

surface, don’t use any abrasive cleaners or metal scrubbers.

Use dishwashing liquid, water and a plastic scrubber instead.

For a Charcoal Grill

Once you decide to clean the grill, use a stiff wire brush to scrape away the loose debris from the grill and grates.

Then remove the grill and grates.

Remove or scoop out all the ash that is at the bottom of the barbeque with a large spoon or cup.

Then, clean the inside and outside of the barbeque with baking soda, or any another abrasive cleaner, and a little water using a metal scouring pad.

Place the grill and grates in a large plastic bag and cover them thoroughly with oven cleaner.

Allow them to sit for several hours preferably overnight. If the grill and grates are aluminum, soak them in dishwashing liquid and water instead.

Remove the grill and grates from the plastic bag and place them on top of several layers of newspaper.

Use a metal scouring pad or stiff brush to scrub them clean.

Remember, if your grill or grates are made of aluminum then use a plastic scrubber, and not a metal one (it may damage the grill).

Wash the grill and grates to remove any bits and pieces.

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Allow everything to dry thoroughly, then replace the grill and grates.

Coat the grill with vegetable oil to prevent the grill from rusting.

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For a Gas Grill

Consult your owner's manual for basic maintenance tips. This will include checking the metal tubes under each burner.

Spiders like to nests in these tubes, which cause blockages. Use a paper clip or toothpick to clear these holes if necessary.

Remember that many gas grills are made of aluminum, so avoid using abrasive cleaners.

Soak the grill and any other removable parts in hot water with some dishwashing liquid in it.

Scrub away all the dirt. Use an old cloth, or a sponge or plastic scrubber to clean it well.

Clean the exterior of the barbeque with hot, soapy water and a sponge.

Wash the barbeque.

Allow it to dry thoroughly before you replace all of the parts.

After it is all dry, rub the grill with vegetable oil then rub linseed oil on wooden parts.

Overall Safety Tips

Wear Gloves for your hand protection

Wear eyeglasses for protection

Follow the instructions carefully

Keep tools and equipment away from children

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How to Clean Curtains

Curtains should be cleaned as they tend to accumulate dust and dirt.

Remove the curtains from the rollers or hooks. Inspect the back of the curtain for any signs of rotting from sunlight by stretching and feeling the curtains.

If the curtains are sun-rotted, then it’s time for new curtains.

Wash all the unlined curtains according to the instructions provided by the manufacturer.

All the lined curtains should be professionally dry-cleaned.

Wash large curtains in your bathtub to prevent possible damage to your washing machine.

Boil rusty curtain rings in vinegar to re-discover their shine.

Rub soap on old curtain rods to make them run smoothly again.

Toss your curtains into a dryer for a quick job. Add fabric softener to get clean, fresh curtains.

Important Tips:

Dust your curtains frequently using a vacuum attachment. This way, you will keep them clean without having to periodically take them down and put them back up. To keep a curtain from being sucked into the nozzle of the vacuum cleaner, use the lowest setting and place a stiff piece of plastic screening between the nozzle and the curtain.

Safety Tips:

Weak a mask to protect yourself from the dust

Wear eye goggles if needed

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Keep the solvents away from children

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How to Clean a Bathtub

1] Cleaning the Walls above the Tub

Always wear your rubber gloves for this work.

Spray an all-purpose cleaner on the walls above the tub.

Allow the cleaner to sit on the wall for a few minutes, then rinse it or wipe it off.

Remove mildew from grout by using a tile cleaner.

Apply the tile cleaner to the grout with a grout brush and scrub thoroughly.

Rinse the whole area well.

Dry the wall with an old cloth.

2] Cleaning the Tub

Apply a heavy-duty bathtub or all-purpose cleaner to the tub. Allow it to sit for a few minutes, and then scrub it off gently with a scrub brush.

After applying the cleaner, rinse the tub.

Scrub away any remaining soap scum with a scrub brush or an old toothbrush.

Rinse the tub again.

If your bathtub is acrylic, then apply a non-abrasive bathroom or bathtub cleaner. Gently scrub with a soft-bristled brush. Rinse the tub well.

If your have a fiberglass tub, apply a specialized fiberglass cleaner or a non-abrasive bathtub. Scrub the tub gently with a sponge. Rinse the tub well.

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How to Clean Windows

Before washing the interior windows, put some towels along the sill to keep the floor or wall dry.

Spray a commercial glass cleaner lightly on a clean cloth.

You can also make your own cleaner: 1/4-cup (2-fl oz/60 ml) vinegar in 3 cups (24-fl oz/750 ml) warm water.

For extremely dirty windows, mix 1 tbsp. ammonia and

3 tbsp. alcohol or vinegar in 1 qt. (32 fl oz/1 l) of warm water.

Gently wipe the rag/cloth with the cleaner across the window, using horizontal strokes to prevent dripping.

Grab your squeegee. Wipe the rubber strip with a cleaning cloth to get started.

Hold the squeegee firmly and press it downward. Start each stroke in a dry spot.

Keep the squeegee blade dry by wiping it on the cleaning cloth after each stroke.

Use old sheets or towels to dry the windows.

For extra sparkle, polish the glass when it's nearly dry with a piece of newspaper or rub a clean blackboard eraser over it.

Vacuum the window frame and sills with a small brush attachment on your vacuum cleaner.

Dampen a cleaning cloth with diluted rubbing alcohol. Rub it along the sill to remove spots and smudges.

For exterior windows, start by spraying water from a garden hose to remove grime and debris; make sure the spray from the hose is gentle.

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Then follow the same steps as above.

Wear gloves and goggles (if required)

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How to Remove Lipstick Stains from Fabric

Dab the stain with denatured alcohol on a soft, lint-free white cloth.

Rub dishwashing detergent gently into the stain with your finger.

Try using a stain stick, if the stain is not coming off easily.

Leave it for several minutes before washing.

Wash the fabric.

If the stain is still there, get it dry-cleaned.

Tips:

Just dab, not rub, as rubbing can grind in the stain.

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How to Remove Ink Stains

Ballpoint Pens

Dab the stain with a clean wet sponge.

Allow the stain to air dry.

Spray the stain with hair spray.

Sandwich the stained fabric between two paper towels.

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Blot the back of the stained fabric, working the stain into the other paper towel until the stain is lifted.

Apply laundry pre-treatment (stain remover).

Wash in warm water and allow to air dry.

Felt Tip Pens

Press a paper towel into the stain to lift excess ink.

Apply denatured alcohol to the stain with a clean cotton swab.

Wash the fabric.

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How to Remove Coffee Stains from Carpet

Blot the stained area with a clean white cloth to absorb all the liquid you can. Blot from the outside of the stain, moving to the center to avoid spreading the stain.

Mix 1-teaspoon clear, mild liquid dishwashing detergent with 1 cup lukewarm water.

Sponge the area with the detergent solution.

Blot again with a clean, white cloth.

Mix 1/3 cup white vinegar with 2/3 cup lukewarm water.

Sponge the area with the vinegar solution.

Blot with a clean, white cloth.

Repeat the process till you completely remove the stain.

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If the stain is still there, then check with your dry-cleaners or a professional carpet cleaner.

Tips:

Avoid rubbing or scrubbing as it will spread the stain

Make sure you mix the ingredients correctly

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How to Touch Up Your Appliances

Wear your gloves and get the appliance that needs its paint to be touched up.

Sand the damaged area lightly with fine-grit sandpaper. Roughen the area to be painted and remove any rust, but avoid sanding the surrounding surface.

Clean the area thoroughly with a rag dampened with paint thinner.

Let it dry.

Paint over scratches with appliance touch-up paint, using a fine-tip paintbrush.

Let it dry overnight.

Fill nicks by building up thin layers of paint. Allow each layer to dry completely before painting the next layer.

Important:

Touch-up paint can be purchased from hardware or home improvement stores.

Safety Tips:

Keep the ingredients away from children

Follow the instructions carefully

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Storage

Storing Jewelry

Store jewelry in sturdy cases with soft, lined interiors to avoid impact against hard surfaces and scratching.

Place jewelry in soft fabric pouches if no jewelry cases are available.

Store each jewelry item separately to avoid tangles and scratches.

Use tarnish-resistant cloth and cases to store silver.

Keep your jewelry boxes away from high heat and excessive moisture, as it can damage your jewelry.

Consider purchasing a jewelry box with a lock and key for extra security.

Things to remember

Examine your jewelry regularly to check for loose settings, prongs and clasps.

Have your jewelry professionally cleaned once a year.

Avoid exposing jewelry to perfume, perspiration and cosmetics, which can stain many stones.

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How to Store Kitchen Linen

Wash or dry-clean your linens thoroughly before storing them to prevent mold growth.

Stains will easily grow mold if they are left.

Brush off any mold you find on your linens outdoors so the spores do not land on any linen.

Soak linens in bleach and water before washing to remove any mold.

Rinse linens thoroughly of all soap to prevent spotting.

Place linens in a cool, dark, dry closet in your house.

Roll up linens when you store them so that they keep their shape and color.

Store linens - cotton, linen or muslin - in a garment bag.

Try to use acid-free tissue paper, if available, to separate your linens.

Rotate your linens every six months to keep them fresh.

Place a lavender sachet with your linens to keep them smelling fresh.

Important:

Do not store linens in plastic, cardboard or cedar. Each emits fumes and acids that can stain the linen.

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How to Use Appliances

How to Use a Coffeemaker

1] Be sure the coffeemaker is clean.

2] Use fresh, cold water to fill the water reservoir.

3] Put in just a little bit more water than you intend to drink.

4] Put a paper filter in the filter basket.

5] Use the manufacturer's suggested grind for your coffeemaker. Begin with 1 tbsp.

coffee per 6-oz. water, and then adjust for your personal preference.

6] Turn the coffeemaker on.

Wait until the coffee is brewed, and then pour yourself a steaming cup.

Important Tips:

Keep your coffee in an airtight container and store it in the refrigerator or freezer to keep it fresh for as long as possible.

Let the coffee powder reach room temperature before brewing it.

Keep your coffeemaker clean for the best-tasting coffee.

Back to the Index

How to Use a Blender

Choose a flat, dry surface on which to operate your blender.

Put the blender together. Place the blades in the retaining ring, then set the gasket over the blades and inside the ring.

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Screw the retaining ring firmly to the bottom of the pitcher. Be sure the retaining ring is seated correctly or there will be a leak.

Set the pitcher on the base and plug the blender in.

Put the recipe ingredients in the pitcher. Put lid on firmly.

Use the Ice or Chop setting to make milkshakes, smoothies or frozen drinks.

The Pulse setting is for making breadcrumbs and cracker crumbs, grating chocolate and chopping vegetables.

Add food to the blender through the secondary lid when the blender is running.

Clean the pitcher after each use.

Put in a little bit of dishwashing detergent, add some water to the halfway mark, put the lid on, and run the blender - with lid on - on a low speed for a few seconds.

Rinse the blender thoroughly. Then, take it apart and dry off the blades.

Important Tips:

Use a food processor if you need to blend more than four cups of food.

For longer service life, hand-wash the blade assembly and gasket as well as the plastic pitchers.

Put your hand on top of the lid when blending to ensure that the pitcher stays seated on the motor.

Safety Tips

Never stick a spoon, spatula or your hand in the blender while the blades are moving.

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Be careful when adding hot food to your blender. Glass pitchers, in particular, are likely to crack if the food is hot.

Don't lift the pitcher off the blender until the motor has stopped.

Always add liquid when crushing ice. If you crush ice without any extra liquid, you can damage the container and blades.

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How to Make Your Own Air Freshener

Ingredients:

1. 4 tbsp.-dried sage

2. 30 to 40 crumbled dried bay leaves and

3. 1 c. witch hazel (liquid).

Put all the ingredients in a medium-sized glass jar.

Mix the ingredients well and cover with a lid.

Let the mixture sit at room temperature for three days, then mix it again.

Strain the herb leaves from the mixture.

Pour the liquid into a spray bottle.

Your very own air freshener is ready

Tips:

Witch hazel is available at all the local drugstores.

The mixture can be kept for several months.

Do not spray directly on clothes or fabric.

Don’t spray it on your body.

Keep it away from children.

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Wrapping it up

This book has several easy repairs for you, and even some advice on other household problems such as removing stains.

I got carried away with writing ☺

You now know you can change a doorknob, fix a floor, paint, replace tile and even change a window.

Do not fear the unknown. You can learn to build shelves and even put in a fan. Stick with those jobs that are not too ‘physical’ for you.

I think you should start building your own toolbox. I actually keep a hammer and four screwdrivers (2 Phillips and 2 Straight edge - one large and one small of each) in a kitchen drawer where they are handy for me.

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Another eBookWholesaler Publication

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