Philosophy (Academic) Books

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The Republic

The Republic

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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The Republic (Greek: Πολιτεία, Politeia) is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato around 380 BC concerning the definition of justice and the order and character of the just city-state and the just man.[1] The dramatic date of the dialogue has been much debated and though it must take place...

The Gorgias

The Gorgias

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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Gorgias is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato around 380 BC. In this dialogue, Socrates seeks the true definition of rhetoric, attempting to pinpoint the essence of rhetoric and unveil the flaws of the sophistic oratory popular in Athens at this time. The art of persuasion was widely considered...

Symposium

Symposium

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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The Symposium (Ancient Greek: Συμπόσιον) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385–380 BC.[1] It concerns itself at one level with the genesis, purpose and nature of love, and (in later day interpretations) is the origin of the concept of Platonic love. Love is examined in a...

Sophist

Sophist

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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The Sophist (Greek: Σοφιστής) is a Platonic dialogue from the philosopher's late period, most likely written in 360 BC. Having criticized his Theory of Forms in the Parmenides, Plato presents a new conception of the forms in the Sophist more mundane and down-to-earth than its predecessor...

Phaedrus

Phaedrus

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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The Phaedrus (Greek: Φαῖδρος), written by Plato, is a dialogue between Plato's main protagonist, Socrates, and Phaedrus, an interlocutor in several dialogues. The Phaedrus was presumably composed around 370 BC, around the same time as Plato's Republic and Symposium. Although ostensibly...

Apology

Apology

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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The Apology is Plato's version of the speech given by Socrates as he unsuccessfully defended himself in 399 BC[1] against the charges of "corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel" (24b). "Apology" here has its earlier...

Euthyphro

Euthyphro

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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Euthyphro (Ancient Greek: Εὐθύφρων, "Euthuphron": right-minded or sincere;[1] English pronunciation: /ˈjuːθɪfroʊ/) is one of Plato's early dialogues, dated to after 399 BC. Taking place during the weeks leading up to Socrates' trial, the dialogue features Socrates and Euthyphro, a...

Menexenus

Menexenus

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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The Menexenus is a Socratic dialogue of Plato, traditionally included in the seventh tetralogy along with the Greater and Lesser Hippias and the Ion. The characters are Socrates and Menexenus, who is not to be confused with Socrates\' son Menexenus. The Menexenus of Plato\'s dialogue appears also...

Phaedo

Phaedo

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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The Phaedo is one of the most widely read dialogues written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. It claims to recount the events and conversations that occurred on the day that Plato’s teacher, Socrates (469-399 B.C.E.), was put to death by the state of Athens. It is the final episode in...

Parmenides

Parmenides

Plato. | Philosophy (Academic)
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The Parmenides is, quite possibly, the most enigmatic of Plato's dialogues. The dialogue recounts an almost certainly fictitious conversation between a venerable Parmenides (the Eleatic Monist) and a youthful Socrates, followed by a dizzying array of interconnected arguments presented by...