ON FOETAL DEVELOPMENTAL
Dr. RAMPHAL NAIN
Dissertation submitted to the Chaudhary Charan Singh
Haryana Agricultural University in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of:
MASTER OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
VETERINARY GYNAECOLOGY AND OBSTETRICS
COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCES
Chaudhary Charan Singh
Haryana Agricultural University Hisar
Sh. Surat Singh Nain
Smt. Mainkur Devi
This is to certify that this dissertation entitled, “ULTRA-
SONOGRAPHIC STUDIES ON FOETAL DEVELOPMENT IN SHEEP”,
submitted for the degree of Master of Veterinary Science, in the subject of
Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana
Agricultural University, is a bonafide research work carried out by Dr.
Ramphal under my supervision and that no part of this thesis has been sub-
mitted for any other degree.
The assistance and help received during the course of investiga-
tion have been fully acknowledged.
Deptt. of Animal Reproduction
Gynaecology & Obstetrics
CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Hisar - 125 004
This is to certify that this dissertation entitled, “ULTRASONO-
GRAPHIC STUDIES ON FOETAL DEVELOPMENT IN SHEEP”,
submitted by Dr. Ramphal to Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural
University in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master
of Veterinary Science in the subject of Veterinary Gynaecology and
Obstetrics, has been approved by the Student’s Advisory Committee after
an oral examination on the same.
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT
DEAN, POST-GRADUATE STUDIES
Above all, I bow my head before Him the Almightly without whom, my
present thesis would not have existed. The very idea of this work having been
completed makes me ponder over the word to thanks to all those who were
incremental in competition of this important milestone of my academic jour-
I feel it great pride, pleasure to express my sincere gratitude and thanks
to my teacher and major adviser, Dr. S.K. Verma, Professor, Department of Ani-
mal Reproduction Gynaecology and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary
Sciences,CCS Haryana Agricultural University,Hisar for his able guidance, sus-
tained encouragement, constructive criticism and most valuable suggestions
during the course of entire study.
I am extremely thankful to my Co-major adviser Dr. R.K. Chandolia,
Associate(Professor, Department of Animal Reproduction Gynaecology and
Obstetrics, for his constant technical help, valuable guidance, wise counseling
and affectionate treatment during the course of ultrasonography and prepara-
tion of this manuscript. His words of encouragement personal commitment to
my work, his patient behaviour and cardinal treatment will always remain bea-
con for me in future also.
I express my gratitude to the members of my advisory committee Dr. A.
K. Sharma, Associate Professor, Department of Animal Reproduction
Gynaecology and Obstetrics; Dr. D. Krishna Murthy, Professor, Department of
Veterinary Surgery and Radiology; Dr. Kitab Singh Malik Professor and Head,
department of Clinical Medicine, Dr. V.K. Aggarwal Professor and Head, de-
partment of ‘Biochemistry, College of Veterinary Sciences, CCS H.A.U., Hisar,
for their cooperation and help during the course of study.
I express deep sense of gratitude and appreciation to Dr. I.S. Lohan, (Pro-
fessor and Head, department of Animal (Production (Physiology, College of
Animal Sciences, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, for providing
the ultrasound maschine and other necessary equipments.
I am thankful to the Professor and Head, Department of Animal Breed-
ing and all the non-teaching staff and attendants of Sheep breeding farm of
College of Animal Sciences for providing the experimental animals and their
assistance in completion of this study.
Sincere thanks are also extended to all members of the faculty, Depart-
ment of Animal Reproduction Gynaecology and Obstetrics for their support
and help especially during difficult period of my study.
My sincere thanks are conveyed to non-teaching staff of Department
Animal Reproduction Gynaecology & Obstetrics for their cooperation and en-
“Some how life becomes more meaningful because of special people who
touch our hearts.” I find words inadequate to express my special thanks are due
to Udaibir Chahal, Ved Parkash Sangwan, Sunil Sharma, Rajesh Jakhar, Sandeep
Dahiya, Raj Kumar Yadav, Virender Dahiya, Jitender and all my friends who
helped me directly or indirectly during my study and only whose affectionate
inspiration made it possible to complete this study in time.
Specially appreciation to my Brother Mr. Prem Singh Nain for his love,
moral support, affection, invaluable guidance and constant care, general assis-
tance and unflagging inspiration without which it would not have been pos-
sible for me to achieve this distant goal.
In fact my vocabulary is short of words to express my heartful expres-
sion to my loving loving parents Sh. Surat Singh Nain and Smt. Mainkur Devi
and Brothers Sher Singh, Nafe Singh, Rajender Singh for their moral support
I remember with immese pleasure and gratitude to my friend Virender
Kaushal who helved me -for preparation of the photographs of this manuscript
and heartily thanks to all the members of Bal Vikas Samiti Kalwan (Jind) viz.
Dilbag Singh Nain, Shyam Singh Dhiman, Rajesh Kumar, Dharmvir Singh, Nathi
Ram, Shamsher and Ajmer Singh Punia for their moral support, encouragement,
untiring help and nice company.
My thanks are also due to Mr. Jag Mohan for his skillful and efficient
computer typing for this manuscript well in time.
Last But not the least, I extend my grateful acknowledgements to
Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar for provid-
ing me with an academic environment, necessary guidance and very kind of
Dated : December, 2000
(Dr. Ramphal Nain)
Place : Hisar