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Women in Rome


first to hail him as king. But Lucius commanded her
to return home; and the tradition runs that as she was
going thither her chariot wheels passed over the dead
body of her royal father._]
PREFACE
The student of history does not proceed far in his
researches before he
discovers that human nature is a fixed quality. Other
lands, other
manners; other times, other customs. But the man behind
the manner is
essentially the same; the woman under the changed custom
is not thereby
rendered essentially different, any more than she is by
a varying of
costume. The women of ancient Rome exemplified the same
virtues, and
were impelled by the same foibles as are the women of
to-day. And the
difference in environment, the vanished conditions of
Roman life, gain
large scientific interest from the fact that they did
not result in any
dissimilarity of fundamental character. If, by the most
violent exercise
of the imagination, it were possible to transport a
female infant of the
twentieth century, and cause her to be reared among the
women of the
Augustan age, she would fit as naturally into her
surroundings as she
would into the present society of London or of New York.
Her legal
status would be different; her moral conceptions would
be unlike those
of the present age; her duties, pleasures, privileges,
and limitations
would combine to make the accidents of life very
different. But
underneath all this, the same humanity, the same
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