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Women in Modern History


[Pg v]
PREFACE.
It may be well to give a brief explanation of the scheme of the
present work. Part I. was complete in its present form, save for
unimportant corrections, before the summer of 1914. The outbreak
of war necessitated some delay in publication, after which it
became evident that some modification in the scheme and plan of
the book must be made. The question was, whether to revise the
work already accomplished so as to bring it more in tune with the
tremendous events that are fresh in all our minds. For various
reasons I decided not to do this, but to leave the earlier chapters as
they stood, save for bringing a few figures up to date, and to treat
of the effects of the war in a separate chapter. I was influenced in
taking this course by the idea that even if the portions written in
happy ignorance of approaching trouble should now appear out of
date and out of focus, yet future students of social history might
find a special interest in the fact that the passages in question
describe the situation of women workers as it appeared almost
immediately before the great upheaval. Moreover, Chapter IVa.
contained a section on
[Pg vi]
German women in Trade Unions. I had no material to re-write this
section; I did not wish to omit it. The course that seemed best was
to leave it precisely as it stood, and the same plan has been adopted
with all the pre-war chapters.
The main plan of the book is to give a sketch or outline of the
position of working women, with special reference to the effects of
the industrial revolution on her employment, taking “industrial
revolution” in its broader sense, not as an event of the late
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