Twenty Years After
The Shade of Cardinal Richelieu
In a splendid chamber of the Palais Royal, formerly styled the Palais Cardinal, a man was
sitting in deep reverie, his head supported on his hands, leaning over a gilt and inlaid
table which was covered with letters and papers. Behind this figure glowed a vast
fireplace alive with leaping flames; great logs of oak blazed and crackled on the polished
brass andirons whose flicker shone upon the superb habiliments of the lonely tenant of
the room, which was illumined grandly by twin candelabra rich with wax-lights.
Any one who happened at that moment to contemplate that red simar -- the gorgeous robe
of office -- and the rich lace, or who gazed on that pale brow, bent in anxious meditation,
might, in the solitude of that apartment, combined with the silence of the ante-chambers
and the measured paces of the guards upon the landing-place, have fancied that the shade
of Cardinal Richelieu lingered still in his accustomed haunt.
It was, alas! the ghost of former greatness. France enfeebled, the authority of her
sovereign contemned, her nobles returning to their former turbulence and insolence, her
enemies within her frontiers -- all proved the great Richelieu no longer in existence.
In truth, that the red simar which occupied the wonted place was his no longer, was still
more strikingly obvious from the isolation which seemed, as we have observed, more
appropriate to a phantom than a living creature -- from the corridors deserted by
courtiers, and courts crowded with guards -- from that spirit of bitter ridicule, which,
arising from the streets below, penetrated through the very casements of the room, which
resounded with the murmurs of a whole city leagued against the minister; as well as from
the distant and incessant sounds of guns firing -- let off, happily, without other end or
aim, except to show to the guards, the Swiss troops and the military who surrounded the
Palais Royal, that the people were possessed of arms.
The shade of Richelieu was Mazarin. Now Mazarin was alone and defenceless, as he well
"Foreigner!" he ejaculated, "Italian! that is their mean yet mighty byword of reproach --
the watchword with which they assassinated, hanged, and made away with Concini; and
if I gave them their way they would assassinate, hang, and make away with me in the
same manner, although they have nothing to complain of except a tax or two now and
then. Idiots! ignorant of their real enemies, they do not perceive that it is not the Italian
who speaks French badly, but those who can say fine things to them in the purest Parisian
accent, who are their real foes.
"Yes, yes," Mazarin continued, whilst his wonted smile, full of subtlety, lent a strange
expression to his pale lips; "yes, these noises prove to me, indeed, that the destiny of
favorites is precarious; but ye shall know I am no ordinary favorite. No! The Earl of
Essex, 'tis true, wore a splendid ring, set with diamonds, given him by his royal mistress,