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Trafficking in women from Vietnam to China: an analysis of push and full factors

Trafficking in wome n from Vietnam to China: an analysis of push and pull factors
There is no doubt that globalization has created a huge flow of capital, goods, services
and people from countries to countries all over the world. Most of the attention has paid on
drawing the exchange of goods, service development and capital grow; but less to the
correlated link between globalization and movement of people; especially the negative aspect
of this emerging human flow. In which human trafficking represents perhaps the worst form
of labor exploitation and can be regarded as one of the dark sides of globalization (Jones et
al., 2007, p. 108). Especially trafficking in women from developing countries to developed
countries or within developing countries for prostitution, marriage and forced labour etc. It is
estimated that 80 percent of persons trafficked are female.
Vietnam is located in the Southeast Asia, a hotspot of human trafficking as it is
considered as multi-positions of sending, receiving and transiting region. Bordering with
Laos, Cambodia and China, Vietnam has been known as a sending country of trafficking in
women mostly to China, Cambodia and some other countries in Asia and Europe. Especially,
Vietnam and China geographically are sharing a long border of around 1,200 km. At the
same time, Vietnam and China are the two reformed economies which are in transition from
centrally planned economy to market economy. In the last two decades, two countries started
to open their borders as a step in the reform process and it has resulted in an increase of
migration internally and internationally. Changing migration patterns in these two reformed
economies are generally linked to the far-reaching economic changes, accompanied by
necessary more open-border policies that facilitate the circulation of goods, capital and
people (Le et al., 2005, p. 3). Regarding the issue of trafficking in women, China plays a role
of receiving country and Vietnam as a sending country. Vietnamese women trafficked to
China commonly for marriage, forced labour and sexual exploitation. There are so many
factors to be examined within the network and pattern of human trafficking. But in the