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The Scarlet Letter

24. Conclusion
After many days, when time sufficed for the people to arrange their thoughts in reference
to the foregoing scene, there was more than one account of what had been witnessed on
the scaffold.
Most of the spectators testified to having seen, on the breast of the unhappy minister, a
SCARLET LETTER--the very semblance of that worn by Hester Prynne--imprinted in
the flesh. As regarded its origin there were various explanations, all of which must
necessarily have been conjectural. Some affirmed that the Reverend Mr. Dimmesdale, on
the very day when Hester Prynne first wore her ignominious badge, had begun a course
of penance--which he afterwards, in so many futile methods, followed out--by inflicting a
hideous torture on himself. Others contended that the stigma had not been produced until
a long time subsequent, when old Roger Chillingworth, being a potent necromancer, had
caused it to appear, through the agency of magic and poisonous drugs. Others, again and
those best able to appreciate the minister's peculiar sensibility, and the wonderful
operation of his spirit upon the body--whispered their belief, that the awful symbol was
the effect of the ever-active tooth of remorse, gnawing from the inmost heart outwardly,
and at last manifesting Heaven's dreadful judgment by the visible presence of the letter.
The reader may choose among these theories. We have thrown all the light we could
acquire upon the portent, and would gladly, now that it has done its office, erase its deep
print out of our own brain, where long meditation has fixed it in very undesirable
It is singular, nevertheless, that certain persons, who were spectators of the whole scene,
and professed never once to have removed their eyes from the Reverend Mr.
Dimmesdale, denied that there was any mark whatever on his breast, more than on a new-
born infant's. Neither, by their report, had his dying words acknowledged, nor even
remotely implied, any--the slightest--connexion on his part, with the guilt for which
Hester Prynne had so long worn the scarlet letter. According to these highly-respectable
witnesses, the minister, conscious that he was dying--conscious, also, that the reverence
of the multitude placed him already among saints and angels--had desired, by yielding up
his breath in the arms of that fallen woman, to express to the world how utterly nugatory
is the choicest of man's own righteousness. After exhausting life in his efforts for
mankind's spiritual good, he had made the manner of his death a parable, in order to
impress on his admirers the mighty and mournful lesson, that, in the view of Infinite
Purity, we are sinners all alike. It was to teach them, that the holiest amongst us has but
attained so far above his fellows as to discern more clearly the Mercy which looks down,
and repudiate more utterly the phantom of human merit, which would look aspiringly
upward. Without disputing a truth so momentous, we must be allowed to consider this
version of Mr. Dimmesdale's story as only an instance of that stubborn fidelity with
which a man's friends--and especially a clergyman's--will sometimes uphold his
character, when proofs, clear as the mid-day sunshine on the scarlet letter, establish him a
false and sin-stained creature of the dust.