The Religion of the Samurai
1. History Of Zen In China
1. Origin of Zen in India.
To-day Zen as a living faith can be found in its pure form only among the Japanese
Buddhists. You cannot find it in the so-called Gospel of Buddha anymore than you can
find Unitarianism in the Pentateuch, nor can you find it in China and India any more than
you can find life in fossils of bygone ages. It is beyond all doubt that it can be traced back
to Shakya Muni himself, nay, even to pre-Buddhistic times, because Brahmanic teachers
practised Dhyana, or Meditation,[FN#15] from earliest times.
[FN#15] "If a wise man hold his body with its three parts (chest, neck, and head) erect,
and turn his senses with the mind towards the heart, he will then in the boat of Brahman
cross all the torrents which cause fear.
"Compressing his breathings let him, who has subdued all motions, breathe forth through
the nose with the gentle breath. Let the wise man without fail restrain his mind, that
chariot yoked with vicious horses.
"Let him perform his exercises in a place level, pure, free from pebbles, fire, and dust,
delightful by its sounds, its water, and bowers; not painful to the eye, and full of shelters
"When Yoga, is being performed, the forms which come first, producing apparitions in
Brahman, are those of misty smoke, sun, fire, wind, fire-flies, lightnings, and a crystal
"When, as earth, water, light, heat, and ether arises, the fivefold quality of Yoga takes
place, then there is no longer illness, old age, or pain for him who has obtained a body
produced by the fire of Yoga.
The first results of Yoga they call lightness, healthiness, steadiness, a good complexion,
an easy pronunciation, a sweet odour, and slight excretions "(Cvet. Upanisad, ii. 8-13).
"When the five instruments of knowledge stand still together with the mind, and when the
intellect does not move, that is called the highest state.
"This, the firm holding back of the senses, is what is called Yoga. He must be free from
thoughtlessness then, for Yoga comes and goes" (Katha Upanisad, ii. 10, 11).
"This is the rule for achieving it (viz., concentration of the mind on the object of
meditation): restraint of the breath, restraint of the senses, meditation, fixed attention,
investigation, absorption-these are called the sixfold Yoga. When beholding by this
Yoga, be beholds the gold-coloured maker, the lord, the person, Brahman, the cause; then
the sage, leaving behind good and evil, makes everything (breath, organs of sense, body,