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The Pre-Socratic Scholars


CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
1957
Printed in Great Britain at the University Press,
Cambridge
(Brooke Crutchley, University Printer)
To
F. H. SANDBACH
PREFACE
This book is designed primarily for those who have more
than a
casual interest in the history of early Greek thought ;
but by trans-
lating all Greek passages, and confining some of the
more detailed
discussion to small-type notes at the end of
paragraphs, we have
also aimed to make the book useful for those students
of the history
of philosophy or science who have no previous
acquaintance with
this important and fascinating field.
Two points should be emphasized. First, we have limited
our scope
to the chief Presocratic 'physicists' and their
forerunners, whose
main preoccupation was with the nature (physis) and
coherence
of things as a whole. More specialized scientific
interests were
simultaneously developing throughout the sixth and
fifth centuries
B.C., especially in mathematics, astronomy, geography,
medicine
and biology ; but for lack of space, and to some extent
of evidence,
we have not pursued these topics beyond the interests
of the chief
physicists. We have also excluded the Sophists, whose
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