The Moravians in Georgia
Chapter 4. Reinforcements
The "Second Company".
Before David Nitschmann, the "Hausmeister", left London, after the sailing of the first
Moravian company for Georgia, he presented to the Trustees a series of propositions, the
acceptance of which would open the way for a large increase of Moravian emigration.
The proposals were, in brief, that the Trustees should give credit to the Moravians to the
extent of 500 Pounds sterling, which, deducting the 60 Pounds advanced to the first
company, would provide passage money and a year's provision for fifty-five more of
Count Zinzendorf's "servants", the loan to be repaid, without interest, in five years, and to
bear interest at the usual rate if payment was longer deferred. He also suggested that the
money, when repaid, should be again advanced for a like purpose.
In addition he requested that each man of twenty-one years, or over, should be granted
fifty acres near Count Zinzendorf's tract.
The Trustees were pleased to approve of these proposals, and promised the desired credit,
with the further favor that if the debt was not paid within five years it should draw
interest at eight per cent. only, instead of ten per cent., the customary rate in South
During the summer, therefore, a second company prepared to follow the pioneers to the
New World. On the 5th of August, 1735, two parties left Herrnhut, one consisting of
three young men, and the other of thirteen men, women and children, who were joined at
Leipzig by Jonas Korte, who went with them to London. On August 8th, five more
persons left Herrnhut, under the leadership of David Nitschmann, the Bishop, who was to
take the second company to Georgia, organize their congregation, and ordain their pastor.
This David Nitschmann, a carpenter by trade, was a companion of David Nitschmann, the
"Hausmeister", and John Toeltschig, when they left Moravia in the hope of re-
establishing the Unitas Fratrum, and with them settled at Herrnhut, and became one of the
influential members of the community. When missionaries were to be sent to the Danish
West Indies, Nitschmann and Leonard Dober went on foot to Copenhagen (August 21st,
1732), and sailed from there, Nitschmann paying their way by his work as ship's
carpenter. By the same handicraft he supported himself and his companion for four
months on the island of St. Thomas, where they preached to the negro slaves, and then,
according to previous arrangement, he left Dober to continue the work, and returned to
Germany. In 1735, it was decided that Bishop Jablonski, of Berlin, and Bishop Sitkovius,
of Poland, who represented the Episcopate of the ancient Unitas Fratrum, should
consecrate one of the members of the renewed Unitas Fratrum at Herrnhut, linking the
Church of the Fathers with that of their descendents, and enabling the latter to send to the
Mission field ministers whose ordination could not be questioned by other
denominations, or by the civil authorities. David Nitschmann, then one of the Elders at