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The Moravians in Georgia

Preface
In the life of any individual, association, or nation, there will probably be one or more
occurrences which may be considered as success or failure according to the dramatic
features of the event and the ultimate results. Of this the Battle of Bunker Hill is a
striking example. On the morning of June 17th, 1775, a force of British soldiers attacked
a small body of raw, ill-equipped American volunteers, who had fortified a hill near
Boston, and quickly drove them from their position. By whom then was the Bunker Hill
Monument erected? By the victors in that first engagement of the Revolution? No, but by
proud descendants of the vanquished, whose broader view showed them the incalculable
benefits arising from that seeming defeat, which precipitated the great struggle, forcing
every man in the Colonies to take a position squarely for or against the American Cause,
convinced the timid that only proper equipment would be needed to enable the American
army to hold its own against the foe, and taught the British that they were dealing, not
with hot-headed rebels who would run at first sight of the dreaded "red coats", but with
patriots who would stand their ground so long as a charge of powder remained, or
gunstocks could be handled as clubs.
Very much the same line of argument may be applied to the first attempt of the Moravian
Church to establish a settlement on the American Continent. The story is usually passed
over by historians in a few short paragraphs, and yet without the colony in Georgia, the
whole history of the Renewed Church of the Unitas Fratrum would have been very
different. Without that movement the Moravian Church might never have been
established in England, without it the great Methodist denomination might never have
come into being, without it the American Moravian provinces, North or South, might not
have been planned. Of course Providence might have provided other means for the
accomplishment of these ends, but certain it is that in the actual development of all these
things the "unsuccessful attempt" in Georgia, 1735 to 1740, played a most important part.
In preparing this history a number of private libraries, the collections of the Georgia
Historical Society, the Congressional Library, the British Museum, were searched for
data, but so little was found that the story, in so far as it relates to the Moravian
settlement, has been drawn entirely from the original manuscripts in the Archives of the
Unitas Fratrum at Herrnhut, Germany, with some additions from the Archives at
Bethlehem, Pa., and Salem, N. C. For the general history of Georgia, of the Moravian
Church, and of the Wesleys, Steven's History of Georgia, Hamilton's History of the
Moravian Church, Levering's History of Bethlehem, Pa., Some Fathers of the American
Moravian Church, by de Schweinitz, Strobel's History of the Salzburgers, Tyreman's
Oxford Methodists, and Wesley's Journal have been most largely used.
The history of the Moravian settlement in Georgia falls into that period when dates are
much confused through the contemporaneous use of the old style, or Julian calendar, and
the new style, or Gregorian calendar. As the latter is now current everywhere, except in
 
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