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The Memoirs of Louis XIV

Adelaide Of Savoy, The Second Dauphine
The Queen of Spain stayed longer with her mother than our Dauphine, and therefore was
better educated. Maintenon, who understood nothing about education, permitted her to do
whatever she pleased, that she might gain her affections and keep her to herself. This
young lady had been well brought up by her virtuous mother; she was genteel and
humorous, and could joke very pleasantly: when she had a colour she did not look ugly.
No one can imagine what mad-headed people were about this Princess, and among the
number was the Marechale d'Estrees. Maintenon was very properly recompensed for
having given her these companions; for the consequence was that the Dauphine no longer
liked her society. Maintenon was very desirous to know the reason of this, and teased the
Princess to tell her. At length she did; and said that the Marechale d'Estrees was
continually asking her, "What are you always doing with that old woman? Why do you
not associate with folks who would amuse you more than that old skeleton?" and that she
said many other uncivil things of her. Maintenon told me this herself, since the death of
the Dauphine, to prove that it was only the Marechale's fault that the Dauphine had been
on such bad terms with me. This may be partly true; but it is no less certain that
Maintenon had strongly prepossessed her against me. Almost all the foolish people who
were about her were relations or friends of the old woman; and it was by her order that
they endeavoured to amuse her and employ her, so that she might want no other society.
The young Dauphine was full of pantomime tricks. * * * * She was fond, too, of
collecting a quantity of young persons about her for the King's amusement, who liked to
see their sports; they, however, took care never to display any but innocent diversions
before him: he did not learn the rest until after her death. The Dauphine used to call old
Maintenon her aunt, but only in jest; the fines d'honneur called her their gouvernante, and
the Marechale de La Mothe, mamma; if the Dauphine had also called the old woman her
mamma, it would have been regarded as a declaration of the King's marriage; for this
reason she only called her aunt.
It is not surprising that the Dauphine, even when she was Duchess of Burgundy, should
have been a coquette. One of Maintenon's maxims was that there was no harm in
coquetry, but that a grande passion only was a sin. In the second place, she never took
care that the Duchess of Burgundy behaved conformably to her rank; she was often left
quite alone in her chateau with the exception of her people; she was permitted to run
about arm-in-arm with one of her young ladies, without esquires, or dames d'honneur or
d'atour. At Marly and Versailles she was obliged to go to chapel on foot and without her
stays, and seat herself near the femmes de chambre. At Madame de Maintenon's there
was no observance of ranks; every one sat down there promiscuously; she did this for the
purpose of avoiding all discussion respecting her own rank. At Marly the Dauphine used
to run about the garden at night with the young people until two or three o'clock in the
morning. The King knew nothing of these nocturnal sports. Maintenon had forbidden the
Duchesse de Lude to tease the Duchess of Burgundy, or to put her out of temper, because
then she would not be able to divert the King. Maintenon had threatened, too, with her
eternal vengeance whoever should be bold enough to complain of the Dauphine to the
 
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