The Great Turon or Where is the Great Future Of Uzbekistan
THE GREAT TURON
OR WHERE IS THE GREAT FUTURE OF UZBEKISTAN
Dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan - A Country With Great Future?
Today there are over 190 nations in the World. Uzbeks are one of the newer ones
among them: only in 1991 Uzbeks opened up to the World as a new, independent nation.
Although Uzbeks rightfully consider themselves people with very ancient history and
culture, before 1991 there never was an independent nation named Uzbeks. The
commonly accepted history of the modern Uzbeks, including their name, was created in
the XX century by the Russian colonial rule. This created invisible and yet significant
problems for the people, who now see themselves as Uzbeks: problems that severely
undermine their best possible historical self-perception as well as their future
perspectives. As a result, despite its rich history, despite its ancient, prominent role in the
World history, this society now found itself among the most underdeveloped countries of
the World in terms of economic, social, and political development. Most of its population
lives in poverty, human right situation is one of the worst in the modern World.
Currently, the future does not hold much real promise for this new nation. This is totally
unacceptable and totally wrong, but why this is happening? What went wrong in the
history of these people? Can their sufferings end anytime soon? What is necessary for
that to happen and what needs to be fixed? This work is devoted to identifying deep,
underlying problems in the development of the modern Uzbek society and to provide
possible solutions in order to end extraordinary sufferings of the people.
History never is as simple as a movie scenario. Any history maybe viewed as
chaotic chains of events from which different people could derive different, maybe even
contradictory lessons. And yet nations write their own, commonly accepted versions of
history. For the most part, such historical visions are meant to draw lines between the
best achievements and the best cultural values of a given nation. Such histories are
usually written by the insiders in the best national interests. Therefore they can serve as a
source of great pride, inspiration, and guidance for the people. This was not the case
when the commonly accepted version of Uzbek history was written. During the Soviet
years, the history was written based on orders or direct supervision from Moscow. Back
in those years, any significant local historians had to go through attestation in Moscow,
any book publishing had to be approved and sponsored under the Communist party. The
Soviet written Uzbek history was meant to support the “greater” idea of Communistic
progress and clear assertion of the Russian leadership. It was not written from the
standpoint of the best interests of the local people, and yet that old concept still has the
greatest impact on the self perception of Uzbeks and on how others perceive them.
Another important part of the Uzbek self-perception stems from national traditionalism.
After the fall of the Soviet Union, embracing national traditions became a default