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The Confutatio Pontificia

Part I
To Article I.
Especially when in the first article they confess the unity of the divine essence in three
persons according to the decree of the Council of Nice, their Confession must be
accepted, since it agrees in all respects with the rule of faith and the Roman Church. For
the Council of Nice, convened under the Emperor Constantine the Great, has always been
regarded inviolable, whereat three hundred and eighteen bishops eminent and venerable
for holiness of life, martyrdom and learning, after investigating and diligently examining
the Holy Scriptures, set forth this article which they here confess concerning the unity of
the essence and the trinity of persons. So too their condemnation of all heresies arising
contrary to this article must be accepted - viz. the Manichaeans, Arians, Eunomians,
Valentinians, Samosatanes, for the Holy Catholic Church has condemned these of old.
To Article II.
In the second article we approve their Confession, in common with the Catholic Church,
that the fault of origin is truly sin, condemning and bringing eternal death upon those who
are not born again by baptism and the Holy Ghost. For in this they properly condemn the
Pelagians, both modern and ancient, who have been long since condemned by the
Church. But the declaration of the article, that Original Sin is that men are born without
the fear of God and without trust in God, is to be entirely rejected, since it is manifest to
every Christian that to be without the fear of God and without trust in God is rather the
actual guilt of an adult than the offence of a recently-born infant, which does not possess
as yet the full use of reason, as the Lord says "Your children which had no knowledge
between good and evil," Deut 1:39. Moreover, the declaration is also rejected whereby
they call the fault of origin concupiscence, if they mean thereby that concupiscence is a
sin that remains sin in a child even after baptism. For the Apostolic See has already
condemned two articles of Martin Luther concerning sin remaining in a child after
baptism, and concerning the fomes of sin hindering a soul from entering the kingdo of
heaven. But if, according to the opinion of St Augustine, they call the vice of origin
concupiscence, which in baptism ceases to be sin, this ought to be accepted, since indeed
according to the declaration of St. Paul, we are all born children of wrath (Eph. 2:3), and
in Adam we all have sinned (Rom.5:12).
To Article III.
In the third article there is nothing to offend, since the entire Confession agrees with the
Apostles' Creed and the right rule of faith -viz. the Son of God became incarnate,
assumed human nature into the unity of his person, was born of the Virgin Mary, truly
suffered was crucified, died, descended to hell, rose again on the third day, ascended to
heaven, and sat down at the right hand of the Father.
To Article IV
 
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