The Bible Is a Parable: A Middle Ground Between Science and Religion
Even that didn‘t seem to guarantee Amun-Re‘s place, for Re made one more bid to
restore his ancient premiership through the office of his devoted worshiper Pharaoh
Akhenaten (approx. 1,500 BC, by the standard chronology). So, because of this, the
worship of one god for the Egyptians would not have been a uniquely foreign concept.
And now, in another example of people‘s names taking on the name of the God they
worshiped, the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten had as part of his name Aten, a form of the
god Re, but immediately following him, his son first named Tutankaten had incorporated
into his name the god Amun therefore Tutankamun. Although Akhenaten overthrew the
worship of Amun-Re, it was only a short- lived revolt, as his son was forced to take on the
name of the final victor.
But Akhenaten tried, even though vainly, to foster the worship of one god. Is it
possible that by the time of Abraham and his great grandson Joseph, with his influence on
a pharaoh, the ancient idea of a single god was reignited in the Egyptian consciousness?
There was, after all, only a little less than three hundred years between them. Was
Akhenaten‘s mistake that he rekindled only an ancient misunderstanding in worshiping a
created thing, the sun, instead of its biblically declared creator?
The sun god Aten, represented by a solar disk (the rising sun at dawn), a specific
attenuation of the generalized sun god Re (Ra) seems to be the single exception to the rise
and fall of all the other Egyptian gods who always seemed to persist at one level or
Aten arrived full-blown as the principal state god through the influence of
Pharaoh Akhenaten. There seems to have been no commentary on the status of the god
Horus (a more generalized representation of the sun), who Akhenaten was supposed to
have been the living representation of. Akhenaten pushed aside all others in favor of the
worship of a single godlike entity, the solar disk. When Akhenaten died, Aten
disappeared, never to be mentioned again.
The god-head Amun- Re however, came back resurgent to a premier position that
lasted as long as even a vestigial represe ntation of the Egyptian entity existed.
Aten, in the form of -Re | the solar disc, would forevermore be -compassed round | by
the Amun-ian Serpent. So as far as Aten is concerned. -When you don‘t get it right, you
drop out of sight? |
And what of the God EL? He did disappear from Ur of the Chaldes, but Abraham‘s
people carried Him into the land of His promise. But then, within the life span of
Abraham and his sons the land failed them twice, it is thought. Drought forced Abraham,
and again during the life of his grandson Jacob, to sojourn into Egypt where the story of
But did EL disappear like that portion of the sun god Re, called Aten? He did almost
seem to disappear into Egypt in the 450 years preceding the Exodus, but did He?
What about the Salem of Melchizedek? It was still there in the tenth century BC
when David, the second king of the Exodus Hebrews, according to the biblical account,
felt the need to make it his capitol city. Why did he feel that need except that there was a
remnant of the followers of EL in it and other places, that the followers of Yahweh felt a
strong need to take, or was it really to retake? Jebusites had settled there or taken it by
force at some time between the time of Abraham and David. (The name Salem probab ly
changed around this time to Jeru-salem. The -city | of the Jebusites?)