The Bible Is a Parable: A Middle Ground Between Science and Religion
According to science, the waters of the last Interglacial Period began to flow slowly
from under a northern ice cap approximately 10,000 years ago. This cap was formed in
the last Ice Age, which had covered much of northern Europe, the lands of the Crimea,
and the Steppes of Russia. This increasing flow would have formed the Caspian Sea (if
previous ones hadn‘t already accomplished that), and would have run down into a
landlocked depression that is today‘s Black Sea. This depression would have slowly
filled (if not also partially filled earlier), to form a large freshwater lake. These
depressions were formed by the extreme weight of the ice cap itself forcing any weakness
in the land that they had overridden to sink farther than the surrounding terrain.
With no outlet the volume of this lake would have increased. But, if the s urface area
increased faster than the volume as it filled, inundating low- lying areas that lay to the
north and west of it, the increase in its surface height might have been negligible. It might
not have even been noticeable to the largely hunter- gatherer populations that lived in
mostly temporary shelters around the areas most prone to suffering the slow steady
If the climate changed sometime before 5,700 BC, warming up more rapidly than it
had before, which I think that there is support for in the environmental record, the ice
caps might have melted more rapidly, even catastrophically. If this happened in other
major parts of the globe, the rise in ocean levels could have outpaced the increase in the
levels of the precursor (Black Sea) lake, setting up the conditions for the disaster
described in chapters 8 -Where in the World is Eden, | and 10, -Noah and the Flood. |
My feeling is that this scenario finds support again in the environmental record, in
that the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers are reported to have emptied into the Persian Gulf
farther inland than they do today. The increase in the annual flooding of this north-south
river valley from the polar ice-cap melting of the northern hemisphere could have
produced consequences far enough upriver to have caused flood platforms to have been
built approximately where the -Tower of Babel | was said to have been erected. These
platforms might have been heightened (and indented for stability and/or easy access) in
seasons of unusually high annual flood s.
The trigger for the building of these platforms may have been the climate change that
would have raised all sea levels somewhat, maybe not to the extent that it did in the
Mediterranean, but the pre-Mesopotamian hunter-gatherer-evolving- into-agricultural
communities of people may have had their own separate flood-story experience.
This could have been caused by a rise in the Persian Gulf level from other -seas |
pushing in, or from the large meltwater release that would have rushed down through the
mountain valleys and into the headwaters of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Later, as the meltwaters abated, the platforms might have been ritually maintained
and occasionally heightened as an offering to appease their God of the Flood until it was
felt unnecessary, or until it had reached its natural apex, forming the step pyramid which
came to be known as a Ziggurat.
Also, this same condition of sometimes severe flooding could have caused an at least
geologically temporary, conjoining of the two rivers at t heir narrowest approach near
modern Baghdad. This might have been why it is seen by some that the Bible
mischaracterized rivers that -ran through | the -Garden of Eden | as four instead of the
two that seem to have always been there.