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The Balkan Peninsula


qualities, the common people becoming less simple-minded,
obedient, chaste, kind: their leaders learning wisdom rather than
cunning, and getting some sense of the value of truth and also some
sense of ruth to keep them from setting their countrymen at one
another's throats. But at the present time the picture which I have to
put before the reader, with its almost unbelievable contradictions of
courage and gentleness on the one side and cowardly cruelty on the
other, is a true one.
The true Balkan States are Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, and
Albania. Roumania is proud to consider herself a Western State
rather than a semi-Eastern Balkan State, though both her position
and her diplomacy link her closely with Balkan developments. Turkey,
of course, cannot be considered in any sense as a Balkan State
though she still holds the foot of the Balkan Peninsula. Greece has
prouder aspirations than to be considered one of the struggling
nationalities of the Balkans and dreams of a revival of
[viii]
the Hellenic Empire. But in considering the Balkan Peninsula it is not
possible to exclude altogether the Turk, the Greek, the Roumanian.
My aim will be to give a snapshot picture of the Balkan Peninsula,
looking at it as a geographical entity for historical reference, and to
devote more especial attention to the true Balkan States.
FRANK FOX.
[ix]
CONTENTS
CHA
P.
PA
GE
I. The Vexed Balkans
II. The Turk in the Balkans
III. The Fall of the Turkish Power
IV. The Wars of 1912-13
V. A Chapter in Balkan Diplomacy
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