Solar Energy Simplified
How Does Solar Energy Work
Ever wondered how solar energy is converted into electricity? Well, this will
give you an idea how it works.
First, solar panels are installed over a flat surface like the roof of your
home. Once activated, it absorbs the sun’s rays since the panels are made
of semi-conducting materials such as silicone.
Electrons are then knocked off loose from their atoms so it can produce
electricity. This process by which light is converted into electricity is better
known as the photovoltaic effect.
From there, you now have direct current electricity and when this enters an
inverter, it is converted into 120 volt AC which is the electricity needed to
power the home. Of course this is connected to the utility panel in the
house so the lights and the appliances will work when these are switched
If you are not using that much electricity from the solar energy generated, it
is stored in a battery so will be able to supply the house with power during a
power outage or at night. Should the battery be full, the excess electricity is
then exported to the utility grid if your system happens to be connected to it.
When your solar energy runs out, utility supplied electricity kicks in.