Phonics for Kids - help Your Child to Read and Write
How Sounds are Spelled in Words
About 87% of English words follow the accepted spelling rules. Up to 13% may
contain at least one irregularly spelled vowel sound. Understanding the spelling
of vowel sounds will help with your spelling.
5 short vowel sounds:
ant egg ink not but
5 long vowel sounds:
cake feet pie boat rude
The long vowel sounds in English have more than one spelling. This can be
Diphthongs are sounds spoken so quickly that it seems like only one sound is
round/how oil/boy haul/jaw
These examples show how the sounds can be spelled in different ways.
Vowel Digraphs -two letters used to spell one sound.
Digraph OO is a vowel digraph (two letters used to spell one sound) which can
be used to represent a short sound or a long sound:
Long sound: soon Short sound: look
Vowel Digraphs - r controlled vowel sounds:
turn fern bird park fork
Consonant Sounds (One letter spells one sound)
get hot jug lap man net pig rat sun tap van win yell zip
Consonant digraphs (two letters spell one sound)
chop ship thin this whip sing
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