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History of the Jews


predestined through the events and sorrows of thousands of years, and that it may
be permitted to fulfil its appointed mission without molestation.
This translation, in five volumes, is not a mere excerpt of my "[German: Geschichte
der Juden]" (like my "[German: Volksthümliche Geschichte der Juden]"), but a
condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes. But the foot-notes have been
omitted, so as to render the present work less voluminous for the general reader.
Historical students are usually acquainted with the German language , and can read
the notes in the original.
In this English edition the "History of the Present Day" is brought down to 1870,
whilst the original only goes as far as the memorable events of 1848. The last
volume will contain a survey of the entire history of the Jewish nation, together with
a comprehensive index of names and events.
In conclusion, I cannot refrain from expressing my gratitude to one whose life -task it
is to further with rare generosity all humane and intellectual interests, and who has
caused this translation to be made and
vii
published. At the risk of wounding his modesty, I must mention, as the Mæcenas of
this work, Mr. Frederick D. Mocatta, whose name is a household word in every
Jewish circle.
H. GRAETZ.
Breslau, January, 1891.
*****
To the foregoing words of the author I merely wish to add, that while the first
volume, as far as the period of the Hasmonæans, has been translated by me, the
other volumes have for the greater part "been done into English by various hands,"
and have afterwards been revised and edited by me.
My cordial thanks are due to Mr. Israel Abrahams, whose scholarly co -operation has
enabled me to cope with the difficulties presented by Hebrew and Jewish names and
technicalities.
BELLA LÖWY.
London, January, 1891.
PREFACE TO THE SOCIETY'S EDITION.
*****
Owing to necessary revision by the American editors, there has been a delay in the
publication of this work beyond the time announced for its appearance.
It is hoped that in the future such delay may be avoided.
The Publication Committee.
June, 1891.
ix
CONTENTS.
CHAPTER I.
THE EARLIEST PERIOD.
The Original Inhabitants of Canaan—Gigantic Anakim and Rephaim—The Phœnicians—Israel's Claim to Canaan—The Patriarchs—
Hereditary Law—Emigration to Egypt—Tribal Union—Bright and Dark Sides of the Egyptians—Moses, Aaron and Miriam—The
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