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History of the Jews II


40–49 C. E.
CHAPTER IX.
AGRIPPA II. AND OUTBREAK OF THE WAR.
Position of Affairs in Judæa — Roman Oppression — Character of Agrippa II—The last High Priest — The Zealots and the Sicarii —
Eleazar ben Dinai — Quarrel with the Samaritans — Violence
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in Cæsarea — The Procurators — Florus — Insurrection in Cæsarea — Bloodshed in Jerusalem — The Peace and War Parties — The
Leader of the Zealots, Eleazar ben Ananias — Menahem, chief of the Zealots — Massacres of Heathens and Judæans — Defeat of the
Romans — The Synhedrion and its President, Simon ben Gamaliel — Position of the Synhedrion
49–66 C. E.
CHAPTER X.
THE WAR IN GALILEE.
Description of Galilee — Its Population and Importance — The Rising in Galilee — John of Gischala — Flavius Josephus, his Education
and Character — His Conduct as Governor of Galilee — Commencement of the War — Overthrow of Gabara — Siege and Capture of
Jotapata — Surrender of Josephus to the Romans — Cruelty of Vespasian—Siege and Capture of Gamala and Mount Tabor — Surrender
of Gischala — Escape of John of Gischala to Jerusalem
66–67 C. E.
CHAPTER XI.
DESTRUCTION OF THE JUDÆAN STATE.
Galilæan Fugitives in Jerusalem — Condition of the Capital — Internal Contests — The Idumæans — Eleazar ben Simon, John of
Gischala, and Simon Bar-Giora — Progress of the War — Affairs in Rome — Vespasian created Emperor — Siege of Jerusalem by Titus
— Heroic Defense — Famine — Fall of the Fortress Antonia — Burning of the Temple — Destruction of the City — Number of the Slain 291
67–70 C. E.
CHAPTER XII.
THE AFTER-THROES OF THE WAR.
Sufferings of the Prisoners — The Arena — Cruelty of Titus — Enmity of the Antiochians — Triumph of the Emperor on the occasion of
the Conquest of Judæa — End of Simon Bar-Giora and John of Gischala — Coins to Commemorate the Roman Triumph — Fall of the last
Fortresses: Herodium, Masada, and Machærus — Resistance of the Zealots in Alexandria and Cyrene — End of the Temple of Onias —
The Last of the Zealots — Death of Berenice and Agrippa — Flavius Josephus and his Writings
70–73 C. E.
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CHAPTER XIII.
THE SYNHEDRION AT JABNE.
Foundation of the School at Jabne — Jochanan ben Zakkai — The Last of the Herodians — Judæa and Rome — The Tanaites — Gamaliel
II. appointed Patriarch — The Power of Excommunication — Deposition and Restoration of the Patriarch — Steps towards Collecting
the Mishna — Eliezer ben Hyrcanus — Joshua ben Chananya — Akiba and his System — Ishmael — Condition of the Synhedrion
70–117 C. E.
CHAPTER XIV.
INNER LIFE.
Inner Life of the Jews — Sphere of Action of the Synhedrion and the Patriarch — The Order of Members and Moral Condition of the
Common People — Relation of Christianity towards Judaism — Sects — Jewish Christians — Pagan Christians — Ebionites —
Nazarenes — The Gnostics — Regulations of the Synhedrion against Christianity — Proselytes at Rome — Aquilas and his translation
of the Bible — Berenice and Titus — Domitian — Josephus and the Romans
CHAPTER XV.
REVOLT OF THE JEWS AGAINST TRAJAN AND HIS SUCCESSORS.
Trajan and Asia — Revolt of the Jews — Hadrian — The Jewish Sibylline Books — The Attempted Rebuilding of the Temple — The
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