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History of the Jews II


Cicero's oration against the Judæans — Weakening of the power of the Synhedrion — Shemaya and Abtalion — Violent
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death of Aristobulus and his son Alexander — Julius Cæsar and the Judæans — Antipater's sons Phasael and Herod — Herod before the
Synhedrion — Operations of Cassius in Judæa — Malich — Antigonus as King — Herod escapes to Rome
69–40 B. C. E.
CHAPTER IV.
ANTIGONUS AND HEROD.
Weakness of Antigonus and Herod's Strength of Character — Contest for the Throne — Herod becomes King — Proscriptions and
Confiscations — Herod's Policy — Abolition of the Hereditary Tenure of the High Priesthood — Death of the High Priest Aristobulus —
War with the Arabians — The Earthquake — Death of the last of the Hasmonæans — Hillel becomes the Head of the Synhedrion — His
System of Tradition — Menahem the Essene — Shammai and his School — Mariamne — Herod's Magnificence and Passion for Building
— Herod rebuilds the Temple — Herod executes his Sons Alexander and Aristobulus — Antipater and his Intrigues — The Pharisees
under Herod — The Destruction of the Roman Eagle — Execution of Antipater and Death of Herod
40–3 B. C. E.
CHAPTER V.
THE HERODIANS.
The Family of Herod — Partition of the Kingdom of Judæa — Revolt against Archelaus — Sabinus and Varus — The Adventurer-Chief
Judas the Galilæan — Confirmation of Herod's Will — Archelaus as Ruler — His brief Reign and his Banishment — Judæa becomes a
Roman Province — The Revolt against the Census — The Schools of Hillel and Shammai — Judas Founder of the Party of Zealots —
Onerous Taxation — Fresh Hostility of the Samaritans — Expulsion of the Judæans from Rome by Tiberius — Pontius Pilate
3 B. C. E.–37 C. E.
CHAPTER VI.
MESSIANIC EXPECTATIONS AND ORIGIN OF CHRISTIANITY.
The Messianic Hope — Various Conceptions of the Expected Messiah — The Essene Idea of the Kingdom of Heaven — John the Baptist,
his Work and Imprisonment — Jesus of Nazareth continues John's Labors — Story of his Birth — His
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Success — His Relations to Judaism and the Sects — His Miraculous Healing of the Sick and Exorcism of Demons — His Secret
Appearance as the Messiah — His Journey to Judæa — Accusations against him, and his Condemnation — The First Christian
Community and its Chiefs — The Ebionites — Removal of Pilate from Judæa — Vitellius, Governor of Syria, favors the Judæans
28–37 C. E.
CHAPTER VII.
AGRIPPA I. HEROD II.
Character of Agrippa — Envy of the Alexandrian Greeks towards the Judæans — Anti-Judæan Literature — Apion — Measures against
the Judæans in Alexandria — Flaccus — Judæan Embassy to Rome — Philo — Caligula's Decision against the Judæan Embassy —
Caligula orders his Statue to be placed in the Temple — The Death of Caligula relieves the Judæans — Agrippa's Advance under
Claudius — His Reign — Gamaliel the Elder and his Administration — Death of Agrippa — Herod II—The False Messiah, Theudas —
Death of Herod II
37–49 C. E.
CHAPTER VIII.
SPREAD OF THE JUDÆAN RACE, AND OF JUDAISM.
Distribution of the Judæans in the Roman Empire and in Parthia — Relations of the various Judæan Colonies to the Synhedrion —
Judæan Bandits in Naarda — Heathen Attacks upon Judaism — Counter Attacks upon Heathenism by Judæan Writers — The Judæan
Sibyls — The Anti-heathen Literature — The Book of Wisdom — The Allegorists — Philo's Aims and Philosophical System —
Proselytes — The Royal House of Adiabene — The Proselyte Queen Helen — The Apostle Paul — His Character — Change in his
Attitude towards the Pharisees — His Activity as a Conversionist — His Treatment of the Law of Moses — The Doctrines of Peter —
Judaic-Christians and Heathen Christians
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