History of the Jews II
HISTORY OF THE JEWS
HISTORY OF THE? JEWS
BY? HEINRICH GRAETZ
From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B. C. E.) to the? Completion of the Babylonian
Talmud (500 C. E.)
PHILADELPHIA? The Jewish Publication Society of America? 5717–1956
Copyright, 1893, by? THE JEWISH PUBLICATION SOCIETY OF AMERICA
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be? reproduced in any form without
permission in? writing from the publisher: except by a reviewer? who may quote brief
passages in a review to be? printed in a magazine or newspaper.
PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
The Crowning Point of the Period — War with Antiochus Sidetes — Siege of Jerusalem — Treaty of Peace — The Parthian War —
Hyrcanus joins Antiochus — Successful campaigns of Hyrcanus against the Samaritans and Idumæans — The Idumæans forced to
embrace Judaism — Destruction of the Samaritan Temple at Gerizim and of the Capital, Samaria — Internal Affairs — The Parties:
Pharisees, Sadducees and Essenes — Their Rise and Constitution — Their Doctrines and their Relations to one another — The
Synhedrion — Strained Relations between Hyrcanus and the Pharisees — Death of Hyrcanus
135–106 B. C. E.
HYRCANUS'S SUCCESSORS, ARISTOBULUS I, ALEXANDER JANNÆUS, AND SALOME ALEXANDRA.
Character of Aristobulus — Antigonus — Mythical Account of his Death — Alexander Jannæus: his Character and Enterprises — His
Support of the Pharisees — Simon ben Shetach — Alexander's Breach with the Pharisees, and its Consequences — His last Wars and
Death — Salome Alexandra's Relations to the Opposing Parties — The Synhedrion — Judah ben Tabbai and Simon ben Shetach —
Institutions against the Sadducees — Party Hatred — Diogenes — Persecution of the Sadducees — Death of Alexandra
106–69 B. C. E.
HYRCANUS II. ARISTOBULUS II.
Brothers contend for the throne — Arrangement between the Brothers — The Idumæan Antipater — Hyrcanus's weakness — Aretas
besieges Jerusalem — Interference of Rome — Pompey at Jerusalem — The Judæan colony in Rome — Flaccus in Asia Minor —