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Historic Highways of America


152
VI.
The Canal Fund and Enlargements
178
Appendixes
211
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ILLUSTRATIONS
I.
View of Old Erie Canal Basin at Buffalo
Frontispiece
II.
Map and Profile of the Erie Canal (from Poussin’s “Travaux d’améliorations
intérieures ... des États-Unis d’Amérique de 1824 à 1831”—Paris, 1834)
107
III.
A Canal Lock at Rome, New York, Touching the Site of Fort Stanwix
117
IV.
View of Canal at Little Falls, New York, Showing Lock 37 in the Distance
133
V.
Map of Erie Canal, Showing Improvements Proposed (from report of February
12, 1901)
205
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PREFACE
This second monograph on the great American canals which played the part of
important highways westward, is devoted to an outline of the Erie Canal. In the
comparatively short space at our disposal for so great a theme, it has been
possible only to sketch some of the leading features of our subject, namely, the
early history of the Mohawk Valley route, the origin of the canal idea, its building,
the celebration of its completion, a catalogue of its finances and enlargements,
and its effect.
Our sources have been the state Reports, Sweet’s Documentary History,
Hawley’s Origin of the Erie Canal, and the various state and local histories which
treat of the subject. A monograph, in the form of a thesis, by Julius Winden, has
been of great advantage, as will be indicated, in presenting the influence of the
Erie Canal upon the population along its course.
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The author is under a debt of gratitude to Hon. A. R. Spofford of the
Congressional Library, Hon. John S. Billings of the New York Public Library, and
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