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Chapter I - Definition, Stages, Symptoms, Causes and Affects Of Endometriosis
During the final stage of the menstrual cycle, normally a layer of endometriosis lining on
the inside of the uterus is expelled, known as menstruation period. Instead of flowing
forward some of the endometriosis tissues flow backwards and start growing somewhere
in the body, causing endometriosis. They also react to hormonal signals of the monthly
menstrual cycle by building up tissue, breaking it and eliminating it through the
Endometriosis is estimated to affect:
a) About 20% of reproductive age women with endometriosis present but without
b) About 55% of women who have developed a new onset of severe menstrual cramps.
c) About 25% of women with sub-fertility (less fertile than a normal couple).
Since endometrios grow in somewhere other than in the uterus, when they break there is
no way for the period blood to exit, causing blood to attach to the organs or lining of the
abdomen, resulting in scars or adhesion as well as weakening the normal function of the
For most of the time, the endometriosis tissues do not travel far. It is commonly found
within the pelvic region, on the lining of peritoneum, in the ovaries, and on the surface of
the uterus's outside wall, but they can be anywhere in the body such as fallopian tubes,
the cervix, the vagina, and the vulva.
Endometriosis can vary in appearance. They may be clear or white, reddish, brown or
blue black, and with cysts. They can be classified according to the stage of severity:
a) Minimal stage:
Top surface, few in numbers, commonly they are found in the inside wall of uterus,
ligaments and ovary.
b) Mild stage: