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Doña Clarines y Mañana de Sol

As no critical writing worth mentioning has yet been directed toward thebrothers Quintero, notwithstanding
their great popularity in Spain andItaly, the introduction is perforce in the nature of pioneer work.
I wish to express my very sincere gratitude to the authors of thesecomedies, who first gave their courteous
authorization to reprint, andthen extended their generosity so far as to furnish information whichwould
have been wholly inaccessible otherwise. Without their graciouslymanifested kindness, this book could
obviously never have appeared.
Various colleagues have helped in the interpretation of difficult
idioms; to all of them I convey my hearty thanks, and in particular to
Professor Schevill and Professor Bransby of the University of
California.
S.G.M.
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,
February, 1915.
INTRODUCTION
Serafín and Joaquín Álvarez Quintero are brothers, and write incollaboration. They are among the most
popular and prolific playwrightsof the day in Spain. Neither qualification is necessarily flattering,but the
comedies of the Quinteros[A] have many permanent beauties whichspeak well for the taste of the
contemporary Spanish audience. Even intheir farces they are never vulgar, never coarse, and they are not to
beconfounded with the many amusers of the crowd in Madrid, the RamosCarrións, the Vital Azas, the
Carlos Arniches, etc. Their work possessesa distinction and color which lift it into the realm of literature.
[Footnote A: Picón and Mariano de Cavia write "los Quinteros", but other
Spaniards seem to prefer "los Quintero".]
I
The brothers Quintero have never made public the details of theirprivate life, and no article of
importance seems yet to have beenpublished concerning them. From a little semi-serious
Autobiografía
,originally printed in
Alma española
(1904), and from various othersources, the following facts have been gleaned:
Don Serafín was born on March 26, 1871, and don Joaquín on Jan. 20,1873, in Utrera, 20 miles from
Seville. To this capital the family moved"when the two boys together measured a yard in height", and
there theyattended the Instituto. Their dramatic talent appeared at the earliestpossible age, and they
composed and acted plays in the
patio
oftheir own house before any other stage could be provided. Their ages were16 and 15 when
Esgrima y amor
, a farce, was produced at the TeatroCervantes in Seville (Jan. 30, 1888). Their father took them to
Madridin October of the same year, in order to give their talents a broaderfield. Success did not come
at once. For nine years, to provide alivelihood, they held positions in the Treasury department (
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