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Developing Web Pages Using Microsoft's Front Page Express

Formatting Limitations of Web Pages
The concept of HTML based Web pages was developed in 1989, when the
Internet was mainly used by the academic and research community - before
being used commercially. Thus high levels of page design capability were
not an issue. All web pages are in the form of plain (ASCII) text as outline
above and the HTML tags are also plain text. When a page is being trans-
mitted through the Internet it is sent in 'packets' of text characters - a number
of these making up the complete page. The browser is only receiving plain
text it has no understanding of how the page is to be formatted, but for the
tags - and these are programmed into the browser. Basic HTML only allows
for limited formatting in comparison to a word processor or desktop pub-
lisher. At any time when you are creating a web page in Front Page Express
you can view the relevant HTML code via the View menu and clicking on
HTML.
Creating a page
Take the heading at the top of the page (see previous page). HTML allows
for the use of 7 pre-defined font sizes - sizes 1 to 7. The heading size cho-
sen there is size 2 and this can be selected from the drop down menu at the
left of the tool bar that is either blank or showing '(None)'. Notice that the
next line has a paragraph spacing between it and the heading above: all the
Heading tags automatically place this blank line between the headings and
subsequent lines. The Heading font type is set within the browser.
The line 'by (your name)' is in bold font: this is achieved as simply as in a
word processor by selecting the text and clicking on the bold button on the
tool bar.
The next line 'What do you want to achieve ?' is set in Times New Roman,
size 5. The default font that most browsers display text if Times New
Roman size 3, which usually prints as 12 point. As the page is transmitted
through the Internet only as plain text, the font has to be accessed from the
page viewer's computer. Most computers have the Times New Roman font
and another very common font, Arial. As a consequence you can only
utilise very common fonts. If you specify a font that the viewer's computer
does not have, they will see your text in the browser's default font - gener-
ally Times New Roman. In a situation where a specific font is required (as
in a company name, for example) then you make a small graphic image of
the
word(s) and insert this into the page (see notes on images).
You can choose a font for text in exactly the same way as in a word proces-
sor (File menu > Font). Limit your choice to common fonts, e.g.
Times New Roman
Arial
Helvetica
Courier New
Georgia
Verdana
© David Berghouse 2000 - 2007
http://www.microbiz.com.au/
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