Not a member? Join for FREE here. Existing members login below:

Common Sense

bears no interest, is in no case a grievance. Britain is oppressed with a debt of upwards of
one hundred and forty millions sterling, for which she pays upwards of four millions
interest. And as a compensation for her debt, she has a large navy; America is without a
debt, and without a navy; yet for the twentieth part of the English national debt, could
have a navy as large again. The navy of England is not worth, at this time, more than
three millions and an half sterling.
The first and second editions of this pamphlet were published without the following
calculations, which are now given as a proof that the above estimation of the navy is just.
[See Entic's naval history, intro. page 56.]
The charge of building a ship of each rate, and furnishing her with masts, yards, sails and
rigging, together with a proportion of eight months boatswain's and carpenter's seastores,
as calculated by Mr. Burchett, Secretary to the navy.
[pounds Sterling]
For a ship of a 100 guns - 35,553
90 - - 29,886
80 - - 23,638
70 - - 17,795
60 - - 14,197
50 - - 10,606
40 - - 7,558
30 - - 5,846
20 - - 3,710
And from hence it is easy to sum up the value, or cost rather, of the whole British navy,
which in the year 1757, when it was at its greatest glory consisted of the following ships
and guns:
Ships. Guns. Cost of one. Cost of all
6 - 100 - 35,553 - 213,318
12 - 90 - 29,886 - 358,632
12 - 80 - 23,638 - 283,656
43 - 70 - 17,785 - 764,755
35 - 60 - 14,197 - 496,895
40 - 50 - 10,606 - 424,240
45 - 40 - 7,558 - 340,110
58 - 20 - 3,710 - 215,180
85 Sloops, bombs, and fireships, one 2,000 170,000 with another, _________
Cost 3,266,786 Remains for guns, _________ 233,214
_________ 3,500,000
No country on the globe is so happily situated, or so internally capable of raising a fleet
as America. Tar, timber, iron, and cordage are her natural produce. We need go abroad
for nothing. Whereas the Dutch, who make large profits by hiring out their ships of war
to the Spaniards and Portuguese, are obliged to import most of their materials they use.
We ought to view the building a fleet as an article of commerce, it being the natural
manufactory of this country. It is the best money we can lay out. A navy when finished is
Remove