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Behavior of Monkeys and Apes


in apes
VII. Provision for the study of the primates and especially the
monkeys and anthropoid apes
VIII. Bibliography
I
INTERESTS, OPPORTUNITY AND MATERIALS
Two strong interests come to expression in this report: the one in
the study of the adaptive or ideational behavior of the monkeys and
the apes; and the other in adequate and permanent provision for the
thorough study of all aspects of the lives of these animals. The
values of these interests and of the tasks which they have led me to
undertake are so widely recognized by biologists that I need not
pause to justify or define them. I shall, instead, attempt to make a
contribution of fact on the score of each interest.
While recognizing that the task of prospecting for an anthropoid or
primate station may in its outcome prove incomparably more
important for the biological and sociological sciences and for
human welfare than my experimental study of ideational behavior,
I give the latter first place in this report, reserving for the
concluding section an account of the situation regarding our
knowledge of the monkeys, apes, and other primates, and a
description of a plan and program for the thorough-going and long
continued study of these organisms in a permanent station or
research institute.
In 1915, a long desired opportunity came to me to devote myself
undividedly to tasks which I have designated above as
"prospecting" for an anthropoid station and experimenting with
monkeys and apes. First of all, the interruption of my academic
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