Around the World in 80 Days
IN WHICH PASSEPARTOUT IS ONLY TOO GLAD TO GET OFF WITH THE LOSS
OF HIS SHOES
Everybody knows that the great reversed triangle of land, with its base in the north and its
apex in the south, which is called India, embraces fourteen hundred thousand square
miles, upon which is spread unequally a population of one hundred and eighty millions of
souls. The British Crown exercises a real and despotic dominion over the larger portion
of this vast country, and has a governor-general stationed at Calcutta, governors at
Madras, Bombay, and in Bengal, and a lieutenant-governor at Agra.
But British India, properly so called, only embraces seven hundred thousand square
miles, and a population of from one hundred to one hundred and ten millions of
inhabitants. A considerable portion of India is still free from British authority; and there
are certain ferocious rajahs in the interior who are absolutely independent. The celebrated
East India Company was all-powerful from 1756, when the English first gained a
foothold on the spot where now stands the city of Madras, down to the time of the great
Sepoy insurrection. It gradually annexed province after province, purchasing them of the
native chiefs, whom it seldom paid, and appointed the governor-general and his
subordinates, civil and military. But the East India Company has now passed away,
leaving the British possessions in India directly under the control of the Crown. The
aspect of the country, as well as the manners and distinctions of race, is daily changing.
Formerly one was obliged to travel in India by the old cumbrous methods of going on
foot or on horseback, in palanquins or unwieldly coaches; now fast steamboats ply on the
Indus and the Ganges, and a great railway, with branch lines joining the main line at
many points on its route, traverses the peninsula from Bombay to Calcutta in three days.
This railway does not run in a direct line across India. The distance between Bombay and
Calcutta, as the bird flies, is only from one thousand to eleven hundred miles; but the
deflections of the road increase this distance by more than a third.
The general route of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway is as follows: Leaving Bombay,
it passes through Salcette, crossing to the continent opposite Tannah, goes over the chain
of the Western Ghauts, runs thence north-east as far as Burhampoor, skirts the nearly
independent territory of Bundelcund, ascends to Allahabad, turns thence eastwardly,
meeting the Ganges at Benares, then departs from the river a little, and, descending
south-eastward by Burdivan and the French town of Chandernagor, has its terminus at
The passengers of the Mongolia went ashore at half-past four p.m.; at exactly eight the
train would start for Calcutta.
Mr. Fogg, after bidding good-bye to his whist partners, left the steamer, gave his servant
several errands to do, urged it upon him to be at the station promptly at eight, and, with