The highest Petersburg society is essentially one: in it everyone knows everyone
else, everyone even visits everyone else. But this great set has its subdivisions.
Anna Arkadyevna Karenina had friends and close ties in three different circles of
this highest society. One circle was her husband's government official set,
consisting of his colleagues and subordinates, brought together in the most
various and capricious manner, and belonging to different social strata. Anna
found it difficult now to recall the feeling of almost awe-stricken reverence which
she had at first entertained for these persons. Now she knew all of them as
people know one another in a country town; she knew their habits and
weaknesses, and where the shoe pinched each one of them. She knew their
relations with one another and with the head authorities, knew who was for
whom, and how each one maintained his position, and where they agreed and
disagreed. But the circle of political, masculine interests had never interested her,
in spite of countess Kidia Ivanovna's influence, and she avoided it.
Another little set with which Anna was in close relations was the one by means of
which Alexey Alexandrovitch had made his career. The center of this circle was
the Countess Lidia Ivanovna. It was a set made up of elderly, ugly, benevolent,
and godly women, and clever, learned, and ambitious men. One of the clever
people belonging to the set had called it "the conscience of Petersburg society."
Alexey Alexandrovitch had the highest esteem for this circle, and Anna with her
special gift for getting on with everyone, had in the early days of her life in
Petersburg made friends in this circle also. Now, since her return from Moscow,
she had come to feel this set insufferable. It seemed to her that both she and all
of them were insincere, and she fell so bored and ill at ease in that world that she
went to see the Countess Lidia Ivanovna as little as possible.
The third circle with which Anna had ties was preeminently the fashionable world-
-the world of balls, of dinners, of sumptuous dresses, the world that hung on to
the court with one hand, so as to avoid sinking to the level of the demi-monde.
For the demi-monde the members of that fashionable world believed that they
despised, though their tastes were not merely similar, but in fact identical. Her
connection with this circle was kept up through Princess Betsy Tverskaya, her
cousin's wife, who had an income of a hundred and twenty thousand roubles,
and who had taken a great fancy to Anna ever since she first came out, showed
her much attention, and drew her into her set, making fun of Countess Kidia
"When I'm old and ugly I'll be the same," Betsy used to say; "but for a pretty
young woman like you it's early days for that house of charity."
Anna had at first avoided as far as she could Princess Tverskaya's world,
because it necessitated an expenditure beyond her means, and besides in her