Andersen's Fairy Tales
The Red Shoes
There was once a little girl who was very pretty and delicate, but in summer she was forced
to run about with bare feet, she was so poor, and in winter wear very large wooden shoes,
which made her little insteps quite red, and that looked so dangerous!
In the middle of the village lived old Dame Shoemaker; she sat and sewed together, as well
as she could, a little pair of shoes out of old red strips of cloth; they were very clumsy, but
it was a kind thought. They were meant for the little girl. The little girl was called Karen.
On the very day her mother was buried, Karen received the red shoes, and wore them for
the first time. They were certainly not intended for mourning, but she had no others, and
with stockingless feet she followed the poor straw coffin in them.
Suddenly a large old carriage drove up, and a large old lady sat in it: she looked at the little
girl, felt compassion for her, and then said to the clergyman:
"Here, give me the little girl. I will adopt her!"
And Karen believed all this happened on account of the red shoes, but the old lady thought
they were horrible, and they were burnt. But Karen herself was cleanly and nicely dressed;
she must learn to read and sew; and people said she was a nice little thing, but the looking-
glass said: "Thou art more than nice, thou art beautiful!"
Now the queen once travelled through the land, and she had her little daughter with her.
And this little daughter was a princess, and people streamed to the castle, and Karen was
there also, and the little princess stood in her fine white dress, in a window, and let herself
be stared at; she had neither a train nor a golden crown, but splendid red morocco shoes.
They were certainly far handsomer than those Dame Shoemaker had made for little Karen.
Nothing in the world can be compared with red shoes.
Now Karen was old enough to be confirmed; she had new clothes and was to have new
shoes also. The rich shoemaker in the city took the measure of her little foot. This took
place at his house, in his room; where stood large glass-cases, filled with elegant shoes and
brilliant boots. All this looked charming, but the old lady could not see well, and so had no
pleasure in them. In the midst of the shoes stood a pair of red ones, just like those the
princess had worn. How beautiful they were! The shoemaker said also they had been made
for the child of a count, but had not fitted.
"That must be patent leather!" said the old lady. "They shine so!"
"Yes, they shine!" said Karen, and they fitted, and were bought, but the old lady knew
nothing about their being red, else she would never have allowed Karen to have gone in red
shoes to be confirmed. Yet such was the case.
Everybody looked at her feet; and when she stepped through the chancel door on the
church pavement, it seemed to her as if the old figures on the tombs, those portraits of old
preachers and preachers' wives, with stiff ruffs, and long black dresses, fixed their eyes on
her red shoes. And she thought only of them as the clergyman laid his hand upon her head,
and spoke of the holy baptism, of the covenant with God, and how she should be now a
matured Christian; and the organ pealed so solemnly; the sweet children's voices sang, and
the old music-directors sang, but Karen only thought of her red shoes.
In the afternoon, the old lady heard from everyone that the shoes had been red, and she said
that it was very wrong of Karen, that it was not at all becoming, and that in future Karen
should only go in black shoes to church, even when she should be older.
The next Sunday there was the sacrament, and Karen looked at the black shoes, looked at
the red ones--looked at them again, and put on the red shoes.